A thread in the same style as the Explain the AH Quote, the AH Title and Description Game and AH Cultural Descriptions threads (with a dash of the Form alternate/new ethnic groups of the world for added flavour).

The 1st poster provides the name of a counterfactual nation and the second poster comes up with a blurb explaining its history before posting new country-names of their own so the game could continue.

Example:
1st_Person said:
Chukchee Holy Empire
2nd_Person said:
Government: Monarchy
Location: Chukotka & Kamchatka
Religion: Catholicism & Shamanism
Language: Spanish & Chukchi

History: the Chukchee Holy Empire owes its unlikely rise due to great power machinations in the War of the Austrian Succession. The pan-European conflict, which spilled over to all corners of the world, saw France, Prussia, Spain, and Sweden on one side pitted against the Habsburgs, British Empire, the Dutch Republic, Hanover, Saxony and Russia on the other. The Chukchee tribes in far north-east Eurasia, who were at the same time period embroiled in a colonial conflict with an expanding Russian Empire, inevitably became involved in the War of the Austrian Succession when a Spanish naval expedition made contact with them and offered aid against the Russians. Offering supplies brought over from the Philippines and America, the Spaniards hoped the Chukchee Conflict could draw Russia’s attention and resources from the European theatre. The plan had worked better than expected as the Chukchee defeated the Russian forces sent against them and blunted St. Petersburg’s appetite for further expeditions into the region. The Chukchee-Spanish alliance continued after the war, with Spain sending Catholic missionaries into the area while Chukchee chiefs visited Spain and her colonies. In time the Catholic Chukchee elite began to style themselves after the European monarchs, building outposts on the coast modelled after cities of Northern Europe where Spanish merchants could stop over and exchange imported goods for walrus ivory and other commodities produced by the “Chukchee Holy Empire”.

Alas, the fortunes of the Empire proved to be short lived. While the elite had become sedentary, Catholic and “Europeanized” the majority of their subjects continued to live as they had for hundreds of years. Although they were well adopted for the climate, the limitations of their harsh environment meant that the Chukchee could not compete with the technological or population growth of the outside world. The Chukchee Empire finally fell in 1851 and was absorbed into a growing Imperial China led by a restored Yuan Dynasty…
Hope everything is clear. Here is the first fictional country to get the game rolling:

Smolensk Sultanate
 
Last edited:
This seems like it could be fun.

Smolensk Sultanate

Government: Islamic Emirate
Location: Modern day western Russia and eastern Belarus.
Religion: Sunni Islam (official), Christianity (overwhelmingly orthodox) and Judaism among the majority of the population.
Language: Persian (court), Tatar/Turkish (government), majority East Slavic dialects, Lithuanian and Yiddish minorities

History: Following a brief resurgence under the princes of Moscow in the late 14th century, an alliance between the grand duchy of Lithuania and the Crimean tatars, supported by the rising Ottoman Empire, again saw the lands of Russia fall under a new Tatar yoke. As former allies turned to enemies, much of Lithuania’s ruthenian lands also fell in Tatar hands. In order to better oversee his newly conquered lands the Crimean Khan settled in the fortress city of Smolensk and adopted the sedentary title of Sultan. His Empire would be short lived however, as the steppes couldn’t be contained for long, and soon a Khan ruled in the south and a Sultan in the north. Despite little support from the local population, the Muslim rulers of Smolensk managed to hold onto power for nearly a century. In this time Smolensk became a truly cosmopolitan city, blending artistic and cultural influences from Russia, Poland, the Baltic, Central Asia and Persia into a unique Smolenski style. By the 16th century, the princes of Tver managed to unify the orthodox princes under their banner and conquered the city, ending the sultanate and beginning more successfully this time a rise of an Russian state.

The League of Bukhara
 
The League of Bukhara

Government: Confederation of Tokay Timurid(Janid) princes under the hegemony of Bukhara
Location: Modern-day Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgistan and Tajikstan
Religion: Sunni Islam (official), Nashqbandi Sufism
Language: Persian (court), Chagatai Turkic.

History: The early death of Imamkuli-Khan of the Janid Dynasty, in 1614, blew the lid open on the separatist discontent of some of the most powerful Uzbek tribes. By 1619, the Khanate had dissolved into multiple principalities centered around the major cities, each backed by a major tribe, with their own puppet Janid prince. Faced by invasion from the Iranians under Nader Shah, the leading emirates of Bukhara, Samarkand, and Tashkent came together and formed the League to present a united Uzbek front. After barely holding their own in several skirmishes from 1638-40, the League of Bukhara managed to avert catastrophe at the week-long Battle of Kerki when Reza Qoli's rebellion forced Nader Shah to withdraw to Persia. The league would decisively defeat several subsequent incursions by the Afsharids in the following years, but would themselves fall to Salqam-Jangir Khan of the Kazakh Khaganate in 1656.


Sicilian Empire (Basileia ton Sikelias)
 
Sicilian Empire (Basileia ton Sikelias)
I know you were probably looking for a Byzantine splinter/rump state in Sicily but I decided to go with something older:

Sicilian Empire

Government: Tribal Confederacy
Location: Island of Sicily
Religion: Adranos Cult
Language: unknown; hypothesized to be Sicani, Phoenician or an Old European language.

History: the Sicilian Empire, or the Basileia ton Sikelias as it is known in Greek sources, is an exonym for an ancient Sicilian civilization predating the Greek settlement of the island. When the Greeks first reached Sicilian shores they heard stories from the locals (Phoenicians, Sikeloi, Sikanoi and the Elymol) about a fearsome and warlike people that inhabited the isle’s interior and sent raiders atop tusked beasts to gather tribute from costal settlements. When it comes to this “empire”, fact and myth are hard to distinguish from one another though based on archeological records modern scholars agree that the Basileia consisted of a native tribal confederation that managed to tame a relic population of P. mnaidriensis (Sicilian dwarf elephants) and used them to establish dominance over their neighbours; the confederation was hit hard by the Bronze Age Collapse and never fully recovered its strength. Soon after the Greeks arrived the remaining tribes were decimated in a series of pitch battles which wiped out their elephant herds. Much like other Bronze and Iron Age inhabitants of the island, the language(s) spoken by these tribes remain unclassified due to lack of evidence; speculation abounds as to whether they were related to the Sicani, the Phoenician or even a Pre-Indo European population. Excavations of Basileia’s sites revealed complex iconography portraying elephants, fire and mountains — possibly indicating that the tribes worshiped the local fire/volcano deity known as Adranos to the Greeks.

Choose from the following:

1) Solovetsky Monastic Republic (Соловецкая Монастырская Республика)

2) Wituland Freistaat
 
Last edited:
I know you were probably looking for a Byzantine splinter/rump state in Sicily but I decided to go with something older:
I was actually hoping for a classical Syracuse wank though I'd be lying if I said that I didn't think about Constans II moving his capital to Sicily.
Your interpretation was way cooler though
 
Wituland Freistaat
  • government: constitutional monarchy within the german empire
  • location: Rwanda to the red sea
  • Religion: lutheranism and native faiths
  • language: german and swahili
The official name for German Swahililand, based on the southern region that the German colony started from. Officially a settler colony and constituent kingdom under the Prussian King/German Emperor, the horrendous conditions put even the britsh in India to shame, and as a result, it was taken by the British, with almost every german expelled. the colony was actually one of the first times the briish questioned colonialism "if the krauts did all that to hold east Africa... what are we doing to India?"

The Kingdom of Saxony and her Imperial Colonies
 
The Kingdom of Saxony and her Imperial Colonies
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Location: Central Germany & Antarctica
Religion: Lutheranism
Language: Upper Saxon

History: the Kingdom of Saxony, which was initially abolished in 1918, was restored in the aftermath of the Second World War & breakup of Nazi Germany. The Weimar Republic, suffering from political violence and hyperinflation, was taken over in 1933 by the far-right Nazi Party which began rearming the nation and preparing for war once more. Berlin’s goal was to conquer the fertile lands of the Russian Empire before the rebuilding efforts of Tsar Mikhail II could restore Russia to her full strength (OOC: the Russian Civil War had a different outcome here). The Second World War was launched in 1939 and saw the Pact of Steel/Tripartite Alliance go to war with Imperial Russia, French Republic, British Empire and United States of America. The war ended with defeat of Germany and her allies — the victorious powers, suspicious of Berlin starting another war in a few decades once again, broke up the German state into its constituent parts.

The Kingdom of Saxony ended up within the Imperial Russian sphere of influence. Crown Prince Georg of Saxony, scion of the House of Wettin, became the nation’s new King (he was often called the “Priest-King” as he joined the Jesuits in the years after the 1918 abolition of the Saxon Monarchy). Additionally, despite being landlocked, Saxony inherited the Nazi-era land-claims on Antarctica’s New Swabia territory which are officially administered as colonies despite having no permanent settlements. The territories are mainly used for scientific and military research by Saxony and Russia.

Choose from the following:

1) Solovetsky Monastic Republic (Соловецкая Монастырская Республика)

2) Ashanti Federation

3) Iron State*

* — fun fact: iron is both a metal and an Ossetian sub-ethnic group. But you’re free to interpret the name “Iron State” however you like.
 
Last edited:
2) Ashanti Federation
Gov: Federal representative republic (presidential)
location: west africa
religion: protestant Christianity, catholicism, and native folklore
language: English, French, and 20 recognized native tongues. english is ironically lingua franca

A west african power, forged in the collapse of British and French rule in the area. Holding areas from the ivory coast to togo, the country has a constitution based on the American and Liberian ones. It is easily the wealthiest and most stable african democracy, and many regard it as an up coming great power, comparable to the east African federation, due to a much higher GDP per capita, higher literacy rates, and a robust navy.

Alanian Kingdom
 
Alanian Kingdom
Government: Constitutional Monarchy (de jure); None (de facto)
Location: Orleans
Religion: Catholicism
Language: French

History: The 'Alanian Kingdom' is a micro-state that exists within the French city of Orleans, though the exact borders are unclear due the nominal monarch of the micro-state, Alain Chappelle, having failed to declare any - though he has claimed to have exercised the laws of his sovereign nation within his apartment, indicating those are the minimal functioning borders. The 'kingdom' came into existence in November 2016, when the aforementioned Alain Chappelle was accidentally referred to as a 'lord' in his bachelor's degree due to a clerical error. Deciding to have some fun with the mistake, but not wanting to seem like he was at all associated with any of the Royalist political movements, Alain ended up declaring his lordship over the fictitious 'Alans of France' ethnic group after discovering the history of the medieval Alans in the Orleanais region. After the micro-state's official website's forums gained over 2000 members, he officially upgraded his lordship to a kingdom in September 2019. The French government has yet to make any comment on the subject.

Exilarchy of Babylon
 
Exilarchy of Babylon
Government
Theocratic state under Mongolian control
Location City of Babylon and surrounding areas
Religion Judaism (official) Islam (majority)
Language Hebrew (official) Arabic, Aramaic (majority)
History Established by the Mongol hordes after their conquest of the region the Exilarchy of Babylon was a continuation of other Exilarchs which had existed in the middle east for over a millennium. The state was established as a reward for the widespread Jewish support for the Mongols during their invasion. It would last for just a few decades before local power wrested control of the region from the Horde and overran the city of Babylon.

Here is a stab at this thing.

Ruthenian Socialist Republic
 
Ruthenian Socialist Republic
Government: Communist-dominated semi-presidential republic
Location: Eastern Europe
Religion: Atheism and no religion, Ruthenian Orthodoxy, Ruthenian Catholic Church
Language: Ruthenian

History:
The first Communist state outside the Yeniseian-speaking Ural Socialist Union, the Ruthenian Socialist Republic was the result of the domination of the local Communist party (and the leftist coalition in general) winning the majority of seats in the country's parliament in the 1925 general elections, transforming the country into a semi-presidential one-coalition republic, as stated in the constitution adopted in 1932. A valuable of the USU (and the Allies in general) in fighting Hitler's Thuringia in the Second Great War, it was in Kyiv that the members of the post-war communist governments in most of the Baltic-speaking countries were taught and trained, taking advantage of some similarities of the languages spoken in the said region.

Itelmen Khaganate/Empire
 
Itelmen Khaganate/Empire
Gov: absolute monarchy
location: caucuses, anatolia, and syria
religion: Islam. eastern orthodox and nextorian christianity
language: georgian
the mongol conquest led to the emergence of the Itelmen clann. who would eventually break free from the Mongols and their golden horde and ilkhanates. They established their own empire, destorying the local georgian kingdoms as well as the Muslim powers in the region.

The Urushian League
 
The Urushian League
Government: Cossack Hetmanate
Location: South-Western Kazakhstan & Caspian Sea region
Religion: Shia Islam (officially)
Language: Farsi, Russian, local Turkic languages

History: A combination of the words Ural & Shia, the term “Urushia” is a portmanteau-exonym created by English-language scholars and historians to describe the ambitious “Persian Hetmanate” — one of the many statelets that arose and fell during the murky events surrounding the Russian Civil War. The Hetmanate originated from the Allied intervention during the Russian Civil War when (thanks to British pressure) the Qajar dynasty sent a detachment of Persian Cossacks and tribal volunteers north across the Caspian Sea to assist the White Russian forces of the Ural Army. Initially a welcome force, conflict arose between the leadership of the Ural Army and the Persians as the Red Army began to advance on the Turkestan Front. Since no further supplies or reinforcements were forthcoming, the White leadership wished to make a fighting retreat; the Persians on the other hand, led by a young charismatic Iranian officer, believed that they could hold out against the Bolsheviks long enough for the British and Persians to send more support.

As the White forces fled, the Persian Cossacks (reinforced by local Turkic militias and those Russian soldiers who were unwilling to abandon their post) declared the creation of a “Persian Hetmanate” under the protection of the Qajar Shah (who in truth had no idea about this declaration by his own soldiers). The Persian officer believed this would be the 1st step to returning Iran to a Great Power status and envisioned the creation of a whole league of new frontier Cossack-states in ex-Russian Central Asia and Transcaucasia swearing loyalty to Teheran.

Reality proved less glamorous however as Iran, itself on the bring of a civil war and facing a palace coup, was unwilling and unable to support its forces in Russia. Outnumbered and outgunned, the Persian Hetmanate fell to the Red Army though some of the surviving Cossacks attempted to conduct a guerrilla war campaign against the Bolsheviks with mixed results (many locals proved less than enthusiastic about the idea of Russian Imperial overlordship being replaced by a Shia Persian suzerainty)

Choose from the following:

1) Solovetsky Monastic Republic (Соловецкая Монастырская Республика)

2) Sovereign Posadist Tsarichina Peoples Republic

3) Iron State*

* — fun fact: iron is both a metal and an Ossetian sub-ethnic group. But you’re free to interpret the name “Iron State” however you like.
 
Last edited:
3) Iron State*
The Iron State
Government: Political and Military Federation
Location: Northern Great Plains, North America
Religion: Traditional Beliefs, Christianity (majority Catholic)
Language: Cree, Assiniboine, Siksika, French, English, Metis

History: Founded in the mid-1600s according to oral tradition as a loose network of Cree and Assiniboine bands as the Iron Confederacy. The two peoples sought to monopolize trade with the English Hudson's Bay Company and the French in New France. To this end the Iron Confederacy expanded east, coming into conflict with, defeating, and assimilating other tribes during their expansion. Access to guns, horses, and metals tools from the English and French were a decisive advantage in both war and peace.

Starting in the early 1700s the Iron Confederacy pushed south into the plains and came into conflict with the Blackfoot Confederacy and Sioux Nations which precipitated a series of conflicts called the Great Horse Wars which consumed much of the North American plains at this time. The Great Horse Wars were dominated by the strategic necessity to control access to guns and horses from European markets. While the Sioux dominated the horse trade the Iron Confederacy had the advantage in guns and other goods, owing to their strong relationship with the Hudson Bay Company which had come to regard the Cree and Assiniboine as their primary partners.

Slowly the Iron Confederacy gained the upper hands and by the late 1700s was pushing further south than ever before. This change in the strategic reality caused the Blackfoot Confederacy to seek closer relations with the Iron Confederacy culminating in 1824 when the Blackfoot were admitted into the Iron Confederacy as equals of the Cree and Assiniboine and codified their relationship as a closer and more militant federation in the face of growing penetration by Americans and tribes displaced by the United States. Thereafter American and British records referred to the nascent power as the Iron State.

The period from 1821 to 1870 would be the golden age of the Iron State. As partners of the Hudson's Bay Company, and thus the British, the Iron State had secure northern and eastern borders. As enemies of the Sioux, the United States regarded the more distant Iron State as a potential partner. That the Iron State was also conveniently out of the way of the best paths to the Pacific coast meant they and the United States had fewer competing interests.

However, in 1870 the newly formed Dominion of Canada purchased all territories once part of the Hudson's Bay Company's domain. Where the HBC was content to establish only the most minor of presences in the vast interior of North America consisting of a few isolated forts and trading posts, the Canadian government was determined to open their new territory to European settlement. War was inevitable.

The Iron Wars lasted from 1871 to 1882, the Iron State allied with other First Nations peoples and the Metis fought and on again off again war against the encroaching Canadian government under the leadership of Prime Minister Sir John A. MacDonald, goals and terms varied greatly during the course of the war. As the sub-groups of the Iron State and their assorted allies, each sought to ensure preferential treatment and treaties against what many saw as the inevitable Canadian victory. That the Iron State lasted as long as they did is a testament to their leadership, warrior skill, and the strong bonds between the constituent nations.

The Treaty of Fort Edmonton officially ended the Iron Wars in 1882 with the dissolution of the Iron State and its annexation by the Dominion of Canada. Although some bands would continue fighting up until 1901 for most the fight was over and the Cree, Assiniboine, and Blackfoot retreated to the Reserves granted to them.

The Iron State continues to be remembered today and its symbols and memory are often called to and used in the continuing fight for the rights of aboriginal peoples in both Canada and the United States.
----------

The Republic of Granada
 
Republic of Granada
Government
French style revolutionary Republic
Location City of Granada and environs (1810-1812)
Religion Officially atheist, unofficially Catholic
Language Spanish

History
Founded shortly after the French invasion of Spain in 1810 the republic of Granada was established by local authorities upon the retreat of government forces from the city. It had initially been intended that the republic would include the rest of Spain proper, but the emperor Napoleon had other plans for Spain and instead crowned his brother as king of Spain. However the Republic was permitted to continue its existence after promising to support the French in their ongoing war with the coalition.

Granada would send men and material to serve in the Spanish army during the Peninsular war. But the brief lived nation surrendered to British forces in 1812 and the nation was reintegrated into Spain proper. Today memories of this oddball state are mixed, if it is remembered at all.

Kingdom of Cymru
 
The Iron State
Government: Political and Military Federation
Location: Northern Great Plains, North America
Religion: Traditional Beliefs, Christianity (majority Catholic)
Language: Cree, Assiniboine, Siksika, French, English, Metis

History: Founded in the mid-1600s according to oral tradition as a loose network of Cree and Assiniboine bands as the Iron Confederacy. The two peoples sought to monopolize trade with the English Hudson's Bay Company and the French in New France. To this end the Iron Confederacy expanded east, coming into conflict with, defeating, and assimilating other tribes during their expansion. Access to guns, horses, and metals tools from the English and French were a decisive advantage in both war and peace.

Starting in the early 1700s the Iron Confederacy pushed south into the plains and came into conflict with the Blackfoot Confederacy and Sioux Nations which precipitated a series of conflicts called the Great Horse Wars which consumed much of the North American plains at this time. The Great Horse Wars were dominated by the strategic necessity to control access to guns and horses from European markets. While the Sioux dominated the horse trade the Iron Confederacy had the advantage in guns and other goods, owing to their strong relationship with the Hudson Bay Company which had come to regard the Cree and Assiniboine as their primary partners.

Slowly the Iron Confederacy gained the upper hands and by the late 1700s was pushing further south than ever before. This change in the strategic reality caused the Blackfoot Confederacy to seek closer relations with the Iron Confederacy culminating in 1824 when the Blackfoot were admitted into the Iron Confederacy as equals of the Cree and Assiniboine and codified their relationship as a closer and more militant federation in the face of growing penetration by Americans and tribes displaced by the United States. Thereafter American and British records referred to the nascent power as the Iron State.

The period from 1821 to 1870 would be the golden age of the Iron State. As partners of the Hudson's Bay Company, and thus the British, the Iron State had secure northern and eastern borders. As enemies of the Sioux, the United States regarded the more distant Iron State as a potential partner. That the Iron State was also conveniently out of the way of the best paths to the Pacific coast meant they and the United States had fewer competing interests.

However, in 1870 the newly formed Dominion of Canada purchased all territories once part of the Hudson's Bay Company's domain. Where the HBC was content to establish only the most minor of presences in the vast interior of North America consisting of a few isolated forts and trading posts, the Canadian government was determined to open their new territory to European settlement. War was inevitable.

The Iron Wars lasted from 1871 to 1882, the Iron State allied with other First Nations peoples and the Metis fought and on again off again war against the encroaching Canadian government under the leadership of Prime Minister Sir John A. MacDonald, goals and terms varied greatly during the course of the war. As the sub-groups of the Iron State and their assorted allies, each sought to ensure preferential treatment and treaties against what many saw as the inevitable Canadian victory. That the Iron State lasted as long as they did is a testament to their leadership, warrior skill, and the strong bonds between the constituent nations.

The Treaty of Fort Edmonton officially ended the Iron Wars in 1882 with the dissolution of the Iron State and its annexation by the Dominion of Canada. Although some bands would continue fighting up until 1901 for most the fight was over and the Cree, Assiniboine, and Blackfoot retreated to the Reserves granted to them.

The Iron State continues to be remembered today and its symbols and memory are often called to and used in the continuing fight for the rights of aboriginal peoples in both Canada and the United States.
----------

The Republic of Granada
The Republic of Granada


Government: French Sister-Republic/Puppet-State
Location: Iberian Peninsula
Religion: Islam, Catholicism
Language: Andalusian Arabic, Spanish

History: Ever since the reestablishment of an independent Granada State after the Morisco Revolt, the Morisco Kingdom of Granada has been an oddity in the Muslim World, being the last remnant of Al-Andalus. During the early 17th Century, it was initially an Ottoman vassal, but later gained greater autonomy in the early 18th century. However, due to it proximity to Europe, the Enlightenment influence Granada Scholars and philosophers, creating an unique blend of Islam and European Ideals. When the French Revolution and early Napoleonic Wars occurred, Granada remained Neutral for the entirety, due to its proximity to France. This changed when the French invaded the Iberian Peninsula, and made Spain a puppet-state, and invaded both Granada and Portugal. Despite their best efforts, the King of Granada, Muhammad III had to flee to Morocco, and French collaborators set up the Republic of Granada. This was lead by an Council of Clerks and Scholars, who were influenced by French Ideals. This Republic would be short-lived, as Spanish Guerrillas and Granada Guerrillas fought against the French occupiers, until the British liberated Granada. During the Congress of Vienna, the King of Granada was restored, but this didn’t end the ideas of the Republic, as during the Revolutions of 1848, the King of Granada, Muhammad V, was forced to adopt a constitution, with a parliament similar to the Republican Council of scholars
XXXXX
Borgian Empire of Italy
 
Borgian Empire of Italy
Absolute Kingdom
Italy, southern France
Roman catholic

Ceasar Borgia was able to conquer italy for his father, then the pontifex, who declared the end of the papal states. Naturally, this was very short lived, and the HRE and France put a stop to that.

Imperial Aquitaine
 
Absolute Kingdom
Italy, southern France
Roman catholic

Ceasar Borgia was able to conquer italy for his father, then the pontifex, who declared the end of the papal states. Naturally, this was very short lived, and the HRE and France put a stop to that.

Imperial Aquitaine
Government type: Absolute monarchy
Location: OTL South-Western France and Navarre
Religion: Catharist
Language: Aquitanian (modern descendant of Visigothic), Basque (in the autonomous region of the Basque Stretch)

History: The only surviving Gothic state in Europe. Imperial Aquitaine is the successor to the Visigothic Kingdom which arose in the aftermath of the downfall of the Western Roman Empire. Visigothic culture survived due to the strength of Arianism in Aquitaine and the Roman inhabitants of Aquitaine gradually became Gothicised.

The Visigoths repulsed the Frankish invasions of the 6th century, although they lost most of their lands in Iberia to the Berber conquerors. In the middle ages, Aquitaine became the centre for the Cathar doctrine and gradually converted from Arianism to Catharism. Due to the kingdom being outside the fold of the Latin Church, the Catholics could not persecute the Cathars as they had done in OTL. Aquitane was eventually conquered by the Burgundian general Napoleone Di Buonaparte. The Aquitainian monarchy was deposed and one of Napoleone's lieutenants was placed on the throne as a puppet king. In twenty years the "Kingdom of Aquitaine" was overthrown in a popular, nationalist revolt which gave birth to the modern Republic of Aquitaine.

---

The Three-Jeweled Crown of Bengal, Assam, and Tibet
 
Absolute Kingdom
Italy, southern France
Roman catholic

Ceasar Borgia was able to conquer italy for his father, then the pontifex, who declared the end of the papal states. Naturally, this was very short lived, and the HRE and France put a stop to that.

Imperial Aquitaine
Why even bother participating if you're not going to put any effort into it?
 
The Three-Jeweled Crown of Bengal, Assam, and Tibet
Government
United Hereditary monarchies in personal union under the triple crown of Bengal
Location OTL eastern India to western China
Religion Islam, Hindi faith, Buddhism
Language Arabic, Assamese, Bengali, Tibetan, English, many others
History The Bengal Sultanate, the predecessor to the triple kingdom and today its most populous member, was in a period of decline by the 16th century, however it managed to achieve a new era of power and prosperity thanks to its alliance first to the Portuguese, and later the English. Indeed Bengal would become a key partner to the Honorable English East India Company and its successors in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries before becoming a Dominion of the British Empire in 1862 after it assisted in putting down the Sepoy Mutiny in India.

As a Dominion and strong British ally in the region the Sultanate would have several territories added to itself in the latter half of the nineteenth century, the triple crown and kingdom being officially established in 1886 with the support of Queen Victoria after Bengal expanded northwards into Tibet following a major revolt in the area against the Chinese Qin which had formerly controlled the region.

By 1914 the triple crown as it had become known, was a prosperous part of the British empire with its own army and navy, though both of these worked closely with their British counterparts and in many ways were seen as British auxiliaries. By the outbreak of the first world war the triple crown possessed an army of seven field divisions, a cavalry division, three mountain divisions, and much modern artillery. While the navy possessed two powerful British built Battlecruisers, six scout cruisers, and over thirty destroyers. The crown had also gifted the British several Battleships such as the Sultan, Bengal, and Alliance over the past several decades.

The triple crown provided over one hundred thousand troops to the British army during the first world war, even forming an entire Corps which fought in France and Belgium between 1915 and 1918. In total over ten thousand troops from the triple crown would lose their lives in the European war. Thereafter the triple crown would be given its own seat in the peace negotiations, and then hold its own seat in the League of Nations, and represent itself during the 1921 Washington Naval conference. This pointed the way forward.

During the interwar, while still keeping its Dominion status and alliance with Britain the triple crown began to drift away from the empire and forge its own path. An official currency, rail gauge, postal system, and school curriculum were established and a new flag was adopted in 1933 which featured a green background, with a blue line on the lower quarter, white line on top, and three jewels in the center representing how the nation stretched from the sea in the south to the mountains in the north, with each of the separate states of the nation being represented. The army and navy were significantly built up in the period as well, with a major construction program undertaken during the years of the global depression to build up the nations industry, including naval shipyards and arms factories.

During the second world war the triple crown again contributed significant forces to the British war effort. Sending three divisions to assist in the battle of France, including the new second armored division. However these troops arrived to late and were instead deployed in the UK to defend against a potential German invasion of the British isles. The navy was also very active, and the airforce, only created in 1938 would see much action.

The Japanese empire would attack the triple crown starting in 1941 as they began their sweeping offensives throughout the Asia-Pacific region. However, unlike the resistance offered by the understrength, ill prepared and overwhelmed British, American, Australian and Dutch troops and navies the triple crowns military was able to mount a firm and effective defense against the Japanese. The typically better equipped and trained forces of the nation managing to beat back numerically superior Japanese formations on a regular basis.

Indeed the triple crown would become the first allied power to liberate an occupied nation when their forces invaded Thailand in 1943 and took it from the occupying Japanese army. But it was not all victories, and the Japanese navy would sink many crown warships, much of the outdated airforce would be shot down, and attrition would take its toll. A famine in 1944 also did not help the situation much and during the war it is estimated some five million people would be killed during the war.

Following the end of the second world war the triple crown would face a series of further crises. The famine would continue until 1946, causing the deaths of many millions more, the death of the Sultan King Mehmed VI without an heir caused a constitutional crisis in 1947, the newly formed Republic of India attempted to force the provisional government to join India in 1948, the new Sultan Amitava III proclaimed a new constitution which limited the powers of the monarchy and established a parliament in 1949, causing a coup attempt and then a brief lived but bloody Republican revolution in 1949, and later in that year the freshly unified Peoples Republic of China launched an invasion of Tibet, only being beaten back with heavy loss of life on both sides. India would then launch an invasion of Assam in 1953 which would see the triple crown army nearly defeated before a desperate counter attack and simultaneous declaration of war on India by Pakistan could prevent the front from utterly collapsing.

The triple crown would weather these storms however, also surviving a significant economic depression which gripped the nation throughout the 1950s. And starting in the early 60s begin to blossom into a pillar of stability, prosperity, equality and unity in the region. The triple crown would continue its alliance with Britain, both nations signing numerous trade and military agreements to their mutual benefit in the 60s and 70s, but the United States would also become a firm ally, primarily as a counter to the close Indian-Soviet relations of the period.

The triple crown developed nuclear weapons in the 1970s, becoming the sixth nation in the world to do so. However the state has also undertaken efforts to lessen tensions in the region, with several successful outreach programs to India, Thailand, and Burma (now Myanmar) doing much to stabilize the region. Since 1984 major work has also been undertaken to tame the many rivers which run through the region to prevent the devastating annual floods which had previously gripped the region and routinely caused hundreds of thousands of deaths and millions of dollars of property damages.

The triple crown has also become an early supporter of the green movement, establishing an elaborate and far reaching series of conservation laws, wildlife protection policies, nature reclamation projects, national parks, and community education programs in 1991, the same year the vote was made universal to all men and women above the age of 21.

Today the triple crown boast a population of six hundred million people of wildly diverse ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background. While still labeled as a developing nation its levels of poverty, illiteracy, and homelessness are still well below those of neighboring countries and the triple crown is a common destination for immigrants from many nearby nations. The Islamic State attempted to establish a foothold in the region in 2013, but it was quickly crushed by government forces, with the bombing of several schools, a mosque and hospital in 2015 causing significant backlash, especially from the nations significant Muslim population.

Next The Iberian Kingdoms
 
Top