I think the likeliest course for Houston's life in TTL is that he permanently became a Cherokee citizen. The high point of his career in OTL coincides with TTL Cherokee's adoption of a modern constitution. Houston and others like him were instrumental in creating it. To give a little more context, the constitution was approved at some point around the year 1840. The village chiefs in the different parts of Cherokee were united for the first time in many years in the decision to name and back an emperor. The last several emperors had not been able to count on the support of all parts of Cherokee. We see that in the account of Watauga's history, where Watauga was able to make a treaty with the towns on the Little Tanasi even as it remained at war with the rest of the nation. But by the 1830s there was a clear desire to create a unified state government capable of representing all the Cherokee and preventing further encroachment on their territory. Sequoyah, the great teacher of literacy, was chosen as emperor because the chiefs wanted him to help write a constitution. Mixed-blood and adopted members of the nation were then key contributors, since they had more familiarity with organized statecraft. (edit) And I failed to respond to your tip on the pig drives. No, I hadn't seen that before, and I love it. And that's the sort of thing that would live on in the cultural memory of the ASB. The great cattle drives of the west most likely didn't exist - Texas ranchers almost certainly drove their cattle to ports on the Gulf rather than to trains bound for Chicago. Could hog drivers become stock characters in the literature of this timeline?