...Doesn't have what I asked for. At most, he can defend a claim that some people could possibly have had the skills to repair guns or take apart guns for parts. Industry is hard and also hard to hide. If it was there we'd know. I agree. Technology does help. A musket is a much better weapon than a bow, a sword is a much better weapon than a club. But people matter a lot more. In light of that: I know it wasn't you who first brought up King Phillip's War, but I wouldn't compare the Spanish soldiers and adventurers of the 1500s with English shopkeepers of the 1680s in terms of preparedness, motivation, or effectiveness. And I wouldn't compare a situation where competing colonies were feeding resources to allied American nations to undermine other Europeans to the situation in which the Spanish found themselves in Mexico (where their most dangerous opponents were other Spanish soldiers).