This has probably been addressed before, but what do you think the chances are for a surviving independent Lanfang Republic or at least one which retains territorial integrity within a European colony? How could it survive? Another European power protecting it against the Dutch? What are its relations with mainland China? Do they follow Singapore's pattern? When Chinese governments get kicked out of the mainland does it align with the mainland or with Taiwan or wherever the governments in exile go? Could the Lanfang Republic become the site for a Chinese government in exile? Does its roots in mining and republicanism turn into a proto-socialism or does it end up the same as Singapore? What other states might it end up a part of and could its identity be strong enough to see it break off again? What would its race relations be like? What internal conflicts might there be and would it turn out as multicultural and religiously diverse as modern West Kalimantan is?