What if the philosophy of Mozi was the dominant philosophy in China? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohism#Meritocratic_government Meritocracy, consequentialism, and indiscriminately caring for all people are some of the central aspects of its beliefs. It does seem however that in this philosophy utility is not seen that much in the arts such as music. With this movement it does seem to me there had been a certain kind of philosophical, scientific development that kind of, sort of reminds me of ancient Greece. I do see a link between material utilitarianism and wanting and trying to develop the sciences and it does seem that they did have their contributions to the sciences. I realize the ramifications of this could be enormous. Would it accelerate Chinese science and development? Another interesting question is whether it could spread elsewhere. Chinese inventions did spread in the rest of the world and help accelerate inventions there, this philosophy if succesful in China could perharps succesfully find root and be adapted elsewhere as well or rather, have people influenced by its ideals.