"A beautiful country, for the taking."
- Jacques Cartier, 1547 voyage to Canada
"A small, unbearable island [Île Sainte-Croix]. We determined to settle elsewhere, forming our camp at Port-Royal."
- Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, 1604
"The settlement in question shall be located at the large island south of the mouth of the Richelieu River, it shall be guarded profusely and form the anchor to our country's ambitions."
- Samuel de Champlain, 1623
"Pentagouet shall form the border of Acadia, bounded to the north and west only by Quebec, to the east by the waters of the Atlantic, and to the south by the English."
- Charles de Menou d'Aulnay, 1644
"Thus we resolve to establish a settlement at the confluence of these [Ohio, Monongahela and Allegheny] rivers, protected by a Fort, Beauharnois."
- Sovereign Council of New France, 1739
"His Most Christian Majesty renounces all pretensions which he has heretofore formed or might have formed to Nova Scotia or Acadia in all its parts, and guaranties the whole of it, and with all its dependencies, to the King of Great Britain: Moreover, his Most Christian Majesty cedes and guaranties to his said Britannick Majesty, in full right, Canada, with all its dependencies, as well as the island of Cape Breton, and all the other islands and coasts in the gulph and river of St. Lawrence, and in general, every thing that depends on the said countries, lands, islands, and coasts, with the sovereignty, property, possession, and all rights acquired by treaty, or otherwise, which the Most Christian King and the Crown of France have had till now over the said countries, lands, islands, places, coasts, and their inhabitants, so that the Most Christian King cedes and makes over the whole to the said King, and to the Crown of Great Britain, and that in the most ample manner and form, without restriction, and without any liberty to depart from the said cession and guaranty under any pretence, or to disturb Great Britain in the possessions above mentioned. His Britannick Majesty, on his side, agrees to grant the liberty of the Catholick religion to the inhabitants of Canada: he will, in consequence, give the most precise and most effectual orders, that his new Roman Catholic subjects may profess the worship of their religion according to the rites of the Romish church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit."
- Article IV of the Treaty of Paris
"a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets"
- Sir George Macartney, 1773
"Quebec shall have her borders extend [...] to the south and west buffering against the rivers Canawagh [Kanawha], Ohio, and Illinois, up along the east bank of the river Des Plaines until such river turns to the north, henceforth the border shall be extended in a line to the lake Michigan. [...] to the east by the Appalachian mountains."
- Quebec Act, 1774
"Quebec shall be divided into the Provinces of Lower Canada [Quebec], Upper Canada [Ontario], and Southern Canada [Eire]..."
- Constitutional Act 1791
"Resolved, that all French land of Louisiana north of 31 degrees shall be ceded to the United States of America..."
- Louisiana Purchase, 1803
"The United States of America henceforth and hereafter does solely surrender all claims of land in Columbia [...] the borders of which shall be defined by joint-commission consisting of three British, two American, and one Canadian..."
- Treaty of London [Canada], 1848
"The United Kingdom and United Mexican States agree to the undersigned bordered, demarcated by a joint commission, resolving disputes between Columbia and Alta California..."
- Columbia Treaty, 1852
"Whereas the Provinces of the Three Canadas, Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, and Acadia have expressed their Desire to be federally united into One Dominion under the Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, with a Constitution similar in Principle to that of the United Kingdom:
And whereas such a Union would conduce to the Welfare of the Provinces and promote the Interests of the British Empire:
And whereas on the Establishment of the Union by Authority of Parliament it is expedient, not only that the Constitution of the Legislative Authority in the Dominion be provided for, but also that the Nature of the Executive Government therein be declared:
And whereas it is expedient that Provision be made for the eventual Admission into the Union of other Parts of British North America"
- Preamble to the British North America Act, 1865
Hello, and welcome to my new timeline!
As you can tell by my opening sampler, this timeline will focus on a radically different Canada than what we know of today, starting from the absolute beginning of the French exploration of Canada. This timeline seeks to span hundreds of years, bringing it as far to the present as I can. Many of the lessons from my previous timelines will be brought over to this one, and this one shall be my main focus. I shall endeavour to produce updates on a timely basis, and shall have the first one at the most possible haste.