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  1. WI: Stalin drops dead just before the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact

    Suppose a scenario where Stalin suffers an unexpected stroke or some freak accident, around late July or early August 1939. By that point, Germany had already determined to go to war with Poland soon, France and Britain had repudiated their policy of appeasement, Soviet-Western talks mostly...
  2. Countries that could have pulled a Braganza/Taiwan

    I’m gonna define “pulling a Braganza” in the following way: a regime that, having its metropole occupied by a foreign power, chooses to relocate itself to one of its colonies, ruling the rump of its empire from the colonies while still claiming the now-occupied metropole. “Pulling a Taiwan” is...
  3. WI the Russians don't back the Ottomans during the first Ottoman-Egyptian war?

    In 1831, Muhammad Ali of Egypt sent an invasion force commanded by his son Ibrahim into Syria. The modernized Egyptian army managed to overpower the Ottoman garrisons of Syria and easily beat back the reinforcements sent by the Sultan to check them, then proceeded to advance into Anatolia. The...
  4. Prussian nationalism?

    What would it take for Prussia to conceive itself as a separate nation from Germany, and not seek to take part in a unified German nation (like Austria IOTL)? It doesn’t mean it has to be completely separate always, a scenario where Prussian nationalism vs. pan-germanism becomes a big debate in...
  5. Possibility of success for the 1798 Irish rebellion

    Inspired by the French Revolution and seeing an opportunity during the revolutionary wars of the times, thousands of Irish rebels rose up in 1798 and attempted to throw off their oppressors. Their initial plan included an attempted rising in Dublin, however this plan was discovered and the plot...
  6. Effects of no Porfiriato

    Say that Porfirio Diaz dies in some freak accident before being able to carry out or plan his revolt and coup in 1876. Do you think Mexico could have remained an elective democracy for the coming decades, ie the period that’s IOTL known as the Porfiriato?
  7. AHC: Alternate names for Bolivia

    The challenge is to find an acceptable alternate name for the country of Bolivia, assuming a post-1800 PoD (i.e. after most of the colonial period has passed, and on the eve of independence) with the rules being: 1. No names like "Upper Peru" or any other name that is relative to another...
  8. WI Josephine gives Napoleon an heir

    When Napoleon and Josephine were married, she was 32 years old, 6 years his senior. She was 38 by the time she was made empress, and by the time they were divorced she was far too old to conceive. This forced Napoleon to divorce her in order to produce an heir, despite his love for her. However...
  9. PC: surviving Tawantinsuyu

    Assume that the Inca are able to defeat the conquistadors in battle, for example in either of the sieges of Cusco in 1533 or 1537. Could that result in a long-lasting Inca empire, surviving for centuries afterward? Mainly I’m interested in knowing whether: 1. Will the aftermath of the failed...
  10. Peninsular war without the invasion of Russia

    Assume that for whatever reason - whether Napoleon beats the Russian army early, or the Russians choose to adhere to the CS, or just Napoleon deciding a full-scale mobilization against Russia is not feasible - the 1812 invasion of Russia by the Grand Armee doesn’t happen, and France is free to...
  11. PC: Habsburg Monarchy broken up after the Fifth Coalition

    IOTL, the Habsburgs fought - and were defeated by - Revolutionary\Napoleonic France in no fewer than 4 different wars between 1792-1809 (First, Second, Third, and Fifth Coalitions). Surely the French could see a trend there. And indeed it would join the Sixth Coalition once France became...
  12. Does Napoleon have any hopes in Russia?

    I was trying to think of how Napoleon could possibly defeat Russia in 1812 and force terms on them, and basically came to a dead end: - if he chooses to focus on capturing a city, he has no chance. Whether it’s Moscow as IOTL or St. Petersburg, a single city can always be evacuated, and Russia...
  13. Additional republics that could turn into monarchies.

    Historically there have only been a handful of republics that turned into monarchies - Revolutionary France, the Netherlands, Haiti, Mexico. I’m not talking about a royal restoration, but rather a new monarchy (for example, while France used to be a monarchy even before Napoleon, when he...
  14. Best possible outcomes for the Guanches

    The Guanches was the name of the indigenous population of the Canary Islands (Tenerife specifically, but the name came to encompass all Canary natives). Originally probably descended from several waves of Berbers who arrived from NA, over the 2 millennia or so that they’ve lived on the islands...
  15. Could James II have retained his throne if he was pragmatic about religion?

    Assume King James II of England and VII of Scotland, was only a little more pragmatic. I.e. still Catholic, but realizing the consequences of pushing his religious agenda could be bad decides not to promote catholics or exclude Protestants. Would the glorious revolution still happen as OTL, or...
  16. Siege of Leningrad without Finland in the war

    Assume Finland doesn’t enter the war following Barbarossa, or for some reason signs an early peace with the Ussr in 1941, or for whatever other reason isn’t in the war when the Germans reach the outskirts of leningrad. How, if at all, does it the change the outcome of the siege? I’m torn on...
  17. Which additional countries can colonize the New World?

    I include in this countries that did make attempts to set up colonies, but didn't last or only managed to snag a few small islands (like Denmark or Sweden). One interesting candidate which comes to mind is Morocco, which apparently did make plans (with English help) to seize Spanish colonies...
  18. Earliest possible Allied victory?

    With a PoD after December 1941, i.e. with the USSR and the USA already in the war, what is the earliest possible timing for the Allies to win the war? Assuming that the axis powers continue to act much like OTL and it all depends on what the Allies decide to do differently.
  19. Possible Ottoman gains in a CP victory scenario

    I was wondering what were the Ottoman aims, territorially, in WW1, and whether they're realistic. Specifically I wonder about Egypt - officially it was still under Ottoman sovereignty when the war began, so it makes sense that the Ottomans would demand it return to their rule. However it might...
  20. Which additional new world crops can become popular in the old world?

    Today we have worldwide staples like potatoes and tomatoes that are common almost everywhere, which have their origin in the new world. However there are a bunch of other crops originating from the new world, which for whatever reasons have not become as globally widespread. Which crops do you...
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