The Republic of Spain was founded in 1868 after the abdication of Isabelle II, nobody knew then it would become one of Europe's most prosperous countries and a world power. Monarchist continued to try to claim the vacant throne throughout the 1870s. The French and Prussians went as far as to fight a war over the throne, it was all for nothing. The 1870's saw the Republicans gain favor amongst the Spanish populists as republican's took Spain kicking and screaming into the nineteenth century. Spain begun to modernize through industrialization in the mid 1870's getting the finances for such an expensive task by selling its colonies to larger economic powers. The Phillippines were sold to Germany in 1877 and Cuba and Guam was sold to the United States in 1879, all that remained of the Spanish Empire was Puerto Rico and its north African colonies. As the world welcomed the new century, Spain was beginning to re-emerge as one of Europes most influential and powerful countries. Together France and Spain stood in Europe as successful Republic's able to wield considerable influence. It would be no surprise when the two countries signed a mutual defense pact in 1902. The Madrid Pact greatly concerned the monarchies of Europe particularly Great Britain who supported the monarchists in the Portugese Civil War while Spain sympathized with the Republicans. The British support eventually proved decisive with the monarchists winning the Civil War in 1910. Peace would soon be but a distant memory. On June 28, 1914 Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a pro-Serbian nationalist. The Great War was soon underway. The Republic of Spain sent its troops to help its French ally fight off the Germans, they were soon joined by the British. When Italy joined the allies, Spain sent troops to fight the Austrian's in northern Italy. The Great War ended in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire, the German Empire, the Austrian Empire and the Russian Empire. The war was responsible for the loss of a generation of young men, and the rise of Communism in the east. Peace had returned to Europe. To help pay for the debts the war had caused, Spain ceded Puerto Rico to its ally in the Great War, the United States. The gains made during the war caused many Spanish to be discontent with a generation lost for a few African colonies. The post war years resulted in the rise of two radically different parties, the Nationalists and the Communists. As the 1920's went on, Spain picked up the all American sport, baseball which became a phenomenon during the decade. As the 20's neared an end no one could imagine what layed on the horizon.