Discussion in 'Post Test Messages Here' started by Ellie, Dec 12, 2015.
Governors-General of the Colony of Georgia (1524-1782)
* De jure officially renamed Terre de Pexegos in a 1776 referendum, though the names "Georgia" a "Georgio's Land" remained popular in common usage.
Governors of Georgia/Terre de Pexegos (1782-1858)
* De jure name reverted to Georgia in 1856 after nationwide consolidation reforms.
Presidents of the Macon Government (1858-1866)
Presidents of the (First) Republic of Georgia (1866-1882)
Presidents of the Castilian/Northern League North America Company (1882-1913)
1882-1887: Juan M. Gordón
Presidents of the (Second) Republic of Georgia (1913-1925)
1913-1916: John M. Slaton (Democratic Party)
1916-1919: Albert Tifton (Integration Party)
1919-1924: W.E.B. Du Bois (Georgian Peope's Party)
1924-1925: William Z. Foster (Georgian People's Party)
Tale of a Town: Rebei, also known as Kadykchan
One of the more interesting relics of the Japanese presence in what is now the Russian Far East is the uninhabited city of Kadykchan, located in the Magadan Oblast. The town itself was founded as early as 1862, when Japanese colonization of the Far Northeast came into full fruition. As the Ainu Chiefdom had been destroyed, the Japanese had already claimed success in their policy of Roshō (kanji 露障, "Russian Blockage", the strategy of denying Holtzist Russia access to Asian markets) with the 1858 Treaty of Okinawa, and the Koryaks had been subdued, the need to found more settlements in the far-out land became important. While members of the gentry and resident Scandinavians were largely responsible for the foundation of towns in Japanese America, military leaders and ex-samurai were the primary settlers in the early years of Japanese colonization of the Far Northeast. Under Kuroda Ryōsuke, the first director of Japanese colonization of the region, small forts were established inland from the already-growing city of
I have lots of things going on at once, but here's a WIP of a mega list comp for the reverse 2014 map game.
Presidents of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (1933-Present)
Presidents of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (1932-Present)
2010-Present: José Mujica (Broad Front)
General Technical Secretaries of the Rational Republic of Argentina (1932-2005)
Presidents of the Argentine Republic (2005-Present)
NOTE: The following lists use the American political coloring scheme, with red representing the right and blue representing the left.
Presidents of the Republic of Pennsylvania (????-1986)
1973-1976: Gerald Ford/Nelson Rockefeller (Republican)
1976-1980: Samuel Shavers/Tip O'Neill (Democratic)
1980-1986: Dick Thornburgh/William Scranton III (Republican)
Presidents of the American Democratic Coalition of States (ADCS) (1986-2014)
1986-1988: Dick Thornburgh/William Scranton III (Republican)
1988-1992: William Scranton III/Warren Rudman (Republican)
1992-2000: Bill Clinton/Frank O'Bannon (Democratic)
2000-2008: Dan Quayle/Newt Gingrich (Republican)
2008-Present: Barack Obama/Joe Biden (Democratic) 
 In 2014, he became the first President of the United States of America.
Presidents of the American Republic (????-1925)
19??-1925: Samuel Boll (Reformed Whig)
General Technical Secretaries of the Equal Confederate States of America (ECSA) (1925-2003)
1925-1928: George K. Bathurst
1928-1930: Henry J. Garand
1930-1940: John C. Garand
1940-1945: Jonathan P. Hoxworth
1945-1952: Robert F. Hunt
1952-1967: Dwight D. Eisenhower
1967-1969: Roman S. Pratt
1969-1974: Richard F. Nixon
1974-1990: Leonard R. Blanton
1990-1999: George W. Bush 
1999-2003: George W. Bush (Democratic-Republican Alliance) 
 Before 1999, ECSA leadership is non-partisan.
 Due to years of exhausting efforts, George W. Bush successfully returned democracy to the Confederacy and integrated the entire country into the ECSA in just four years.
Presidents of the Republic of Ecotopia (????-2003)
1976-1984: Ronald Reagan (Popular Defense)
1984-1986: Madeline P. Crabtree (United Socialist)
1990-1996: Preston Rhodes (Ecological)
1996-2001: William D. Andrews (Ecological) 
2001-2003: Al Gore (Nationalist-Ecological)
 Assassinated during a political commentary, along with much of his staff and high-ranking subordinates. Due to the fiasco that followed, this became a compelling argument for a 25th Amendment to the future United States Constitution...
Scandinavian Colonization of the River Plate
In the mid- to late-1500's, various European maritime and powers sought to set up extensive networks of fortresses and colonies in the continent of South America, the colonization of which had only been recently spearheaded by Portugal and the Netherlands. With successful foundation of the colony of New Yterland (later New Sweden) in 1543, the Kingdom of Yterland began to search for other lucrative land for colonization. Rather than compete for coveted land in the Mesoamerican jungles or the Caribbean Archipelago, the Yterlanders saw interest in a recently-discovered region: New Estonia, a colony founded by the Finns in 1581. According to reports by Finnish explorers, the climate of the area was "not unlike that of the fields of the Papal Domain", meaning the area was a prime region for wheat cultivation, always difficult in the colder climate of Scandinavia or the wetter one of New Yterland. The need for a "bread basket", as well as pure national prestige, fueled the desire to found a South American colony. The government of Yterland contracted a Leonese navigator by the name of Miguel de Vilecha, who led a successful expedition to South America in 1586, founding a small colony in and around what would later become the city of Joinville, Brazil.
In contrast with the colonization of North America, Yterland's approach to colonizing Yterland Søramerica (the original name of the colony) was to populate the area with upper-class Norse explorers and merchants with foreign-contracted laborers, soldiers, and even missionaries. Thus, while Søramerica was mostly Norse in its culture, it mixed with cultures of Germany, Spain, Italy, and Portugal, as well as indigenous and African as these groups were soon sucked into the colony's labor system.
Søramerica's growth was rather slow until 1620, when the Scandinavian kingdoms saw their unification under the rising House of Askeland. Thus, ownership of Søramerica was transferred to the Crown of Askeland in Copenhagen, with the colony getting rebranded as Scandinavian Sydamerica. The new House of Askeland set about growing the fledgling colony, at the time having a population of a mere four thousand individuals. Thus, in 1625, another nearby colony was founded, this time some farther to the south, where the Scandinavians discovered their true coveted "bread basket". Growth was slow at first, and was mainly restricted to immigration into the towns by peoples from especially the Latin League and Germania, but in the 1650's, the Scandinavians pushed inland, founding the cities of Munterhavn (1653, later Porto Alegre), Hallberg (1670, later Santa Maria), and Ankomst (1672, later Montevideo). This so-called "Great Expansion" culminated in the 1690 Treaty of Heldiberg (or often presently called the "Treaty of Pelotas" after Heldiberg's current name) between Spain, demarcating Scandinavian and future Spanish land. Also with the treaty, Scandinavian Sydamerika saw itself renamed "Sølv Floden"--the Silver River--as said river became the hub of the colony.
Expansion was not met with universal support. The Scandinavians sought to push out the Tupí tribal kingdoms and relocate them to the young Order of the Lord, despite their vehement opposition. After the Raze of 1693 by Hans Amstad, the Tupí kingdoms that remained were forced to submit to the Scandinavian crown. The Tupí would resist for a little while longer, though, until the accession of the House of Mannemark to the Scandinavian throne after a fast succession struggle in 1697. The Mannemarks were, unfortunately for the natives, even more expansionist than their predecessors. Bjorn Korsgaard, the newly-appointed colonial governor, would conquer New Estonia in 1707, and the Scandinavian-Tupí wars would last from 1709 until the 1763. Growth would be slow until the Scandinavian Succession War of 1764-1767, when pro-Ølz-Kresser officials would officially seize the colony.
With a new dynasty in power yet again, aggressiveness was only increased. In 1793, Scandinavia unsuccessfully attacked the Order of the Lord, but would follow up and succeed in an 1802-1804 war against the Eastern League. Then-colonial governor Frederik Svenssen's main motive was to end Scandinavia's tolerance of unrestricted (Catholic) missionary travel, which had the adverse effect of pitting a large Catholic-converted indigenous and laborer population against the mostly Protestant upper class and elite, made up of the Kontinentaler (those born in European Scandinavia) and Sydamerikaner (those of pure Scandinavian origin born in the colony, not to be confused with the later Dutch Amerikaaners) social castes. By the end of the war, Svenssen became victorious, and followed through with the Edict of Stockholm, thereby placing great restrictions on (Catholic) missionary activity in the colony. Of course, with the contemporaneous Great European War ravaging Europe, the Papacy saw Scandinavia's actions as yet another attack on the Church's rights, which had the effect of permanently shattering Scandinavian-Papal relations (not like they were really strong before, though, as the Scandinavians were known collaborators with the radical Albrecht Holtz).
However, even with the missionaries mostly disenfranchised, anti-government sentiment was still strong among some local Catholics. Much of this sentiment surged after the foundation of the Republic of Holy Paraguay, created from a "coup d'état" against the indigenous Kingdom of Paraguay by Jesuit missionary Hipolito Bouchard in 1813. Immediately, Bouchard set out to create anti-Scandinavian propaganda, including encouraging the destruction of government property and Catholic immigration into the small Catholic state. Bouchard's propaganda was effective enough to lead to a Catholic rebellion in remote areas of Sølv Floden from 1817 to 1822, which, while far from the urban centers of the East, was still enough of a nuisance to catch the attention of the colonial government. In 1830, the Scandinavians launched an invasion of Holy Paraguay, with the now-insane Bouchard being disposed and Paraguay being directly annexed into Sølv Floden.
At the same time, Sølv Floden's demographic makeup was shifting. The population of the foreign-contracted laborers and missionaries (largely before the wars against the Catholic states, however) grew, especially in the cities, where their populations had once been small. Among European countries, Castile and the Iberian Latin Union states were prime suppliers of immigrants. The city of Ankomst had a Spanish plurality by the 1830's; towns founded in the interior regions of Sølv Floden were majority-Spanish in some cases, and plurality in most; Paraguay, after its conquest, failed to attract Scandinavian settlers, despite the renaming of Assumpció to Antalgese in 1832. In Sølv Floden, laborers could better their economic situation relatively easily, and over time, many Spanish immigrants became important civil employees in Sølv Floden's administration. Among other groups, Italians and Portuguese were important in crafting the identities of northern regions of the colony.
As the mid-19th century approached, Scandinavian Sølv Floden was not immune to change, something that was sweeping the world at the time. Since 1842, the Eastern League's Chaco colony had been in a state of near-constant warfare, and seeing the conflict as a possible spark for a similar struggle in their own colony, the Scandinavians invaded Chaco in 1853. The region's geography made it difficult to invade, resulting in mixed success in the long-run. With the fall of the colony and its independence in 1858, Scandinavia managed to acquire a small sliver. At the same time, the demographic situation in Sølv Floden was obvious to the governors. Thus, in 1858, Sølv Floden was federalized into seven distinctly-governed colonial entities: Storflot, Nye Danmark, Gåtenland, Kaue, Mellem-Floder, Pæranenland, and Chako. The latter colony, Chako, being poorly-administered and essentially-anarchic, saw an invasion by Castile in 1861 (also resulting in Scandinavia's withdrawal from the war against the Chaco Republic) with its reluctant cession in 1863. With its efforts in the war largely deemed useless, Scandinavia withdrew its involvement in South American wars; if it were not for Scandinavia's acquisition of the British Amazon in 1861, it is likely that mass protests would have broken out.
Following the Chaco fiasco until 1923, the focus of the government was more strongly in administration and internal matters, than conquest and expansion. Cities like Ankomst and Munterhavn grew into industrial centers. Storflot, the least-developed colony mainly being a "bread basket" hitherto, saw its first burst of population growth in the town of Godvind. At the same time, Scandinavia sought to "spread its civilization" to other lands. In 1874, Scandinavia scouted out and founded the colony of Senegal (which, at the time, also included Grønkappe or Cape Verde). The same year, along with other European powers, Scandinavia forced the opening of the Republic of Cameroon to foreign investment. Just a year later, Erik Liber's exploration led to the foundation of "Liberia" in his name. By 1900, Scandinavia monopolized a portion of West Africa. While focus was shifted from the "Old Colonies" in America to the "New Colonies" in Africa and Asia, independence sentiments grew among Sølv Floden's non-Scandinavian population (and indeed a few Scandinavians, especially the Swedish who despised Scandinavia's strict use of Standard Danish as the lingua franca). Sentiments were especially strong after the independence of Brazil (1882) and Argentina (1898), especially since Sølv Floden had large populations of Hispanophones and Lusophones. As locals took up important positions in administration, independence of Sølv Floden became ever more realistic.
By the end of the 1910's, Scandinavia was experiencing issues in administration at home. As in the Danubian Federation, who at the time lost the constituent states of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Wurttemburg, anti-multinationalism was growing. Especially in the case of the Swedes, there was resentment towards the Scandinavian government, who propagated an ethnic policy of "One Scandinavia, One People, One Language"--the people being Danes, and the language being Standard Danish. At the time, Scandinavia had the slowest-growing population of Europe, meaning that it became difficult to maintain control over the large multi-continental colonial empire. In 1922, the Scandinavian government held its first referendum, on Swedish independence. Results were in enormous favor of independence, resulting in Sweden and Gambia parting with Scandinavia. The referendum produced a rapid snowball effect: just a year later, another referendum saw Norway break from Copenhagen, spelling the end of a unified Scandinavia.
After the 1923 split, the question of who owned which colonies created a nightmare for colonial administration. Denmark and Norway had uneven shares of administration; for example, Norway had an important role in the Americas, with Denmark leading control in Africa. Thus, most colonies in Africa went to Denmark, though Liberia went to Norway, and New Jutland (Sierra Leone) was placed under joint administration between Norway and Denmark. Svatau in China went to Norway, while the Brazilian coast colonies were mostly ceded to Denmark with only Fæstning went to Norway. Finally, most of Sølv Floden was ceded to Norway, while only Storflot was given joint-administration between Denmark and Norway.
In the 1920's, Sølv Floden's issues of ethnic tensions only grew as the population continued to expand. With the breakup of Scandinavia in 1923, independence sentiments grew, especially of course among the non-Scandinavians, who wished to instate changes such as the abolition of a national language and the dissolution of exclusive rights of the Kontinentaleren. The riots of 1924 managed to coerce the declining Norwegian government to finally give independence to Sølv Floden that year, ending 338 years of colonial rule, with only Storflot remaining of the "Old Colonies".
Independence, Reform, and Conflict
The individual behind Sølv Floden's independence was Raúl Frederiksson y Penas (using Spanish naming customs). Frederiksson, despite being descended from a well-off Scandinavian family of business-owners, identified more as "Hispanic" and wished to legitimize the identities of people like him within the recently-independent Sølv Floden. Frederiksson and his cabinet ran into the issue of how to rename the country, as they believed maintaining the old colonial name would just perpetuate outdated colonial tradition. The name they chose was the Guaraní Federation, in respect to the people who preceded the colony. The Guaraní Federation was declared as a "Federation for All" with no official language, though Danish was still used as the de facto lingua franca for simple convenience.
Frederiksson had a short term in power, as his 1926 heart attack brought his untimely death. He was succeeded by his hand-picked successor, Rafael Hernández, who was of full-Spanish descent, unlike Frederiksson. Most historians credit Hernández as being the "Father of Río de la Plata" for several reasons. To start, he instituted a policy of Spanish-language education with the intention of replacing Danish with Spanish as the language of administration. The move was widely successful, especially in Nye Danmark, Mollem-Floder, and Pæranenland, while it was difficult in Gåtenland and Kaue. Second, to facilitate linguistic change, the states' names were changed in 1928. Nye Danmark became "Eastern Uruguay"; Mollem-Floder became "Western Uruguay"; Pæranenland became "Paraguay"; Gåtenland became "Río Grande" (slightly edging out Gautania, which would be used as an informal name regardless); finally, Kaue became "Santa Catarina".
Separate names with a comma.