A House Divided...- A Star Trek Timeline
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“A House Divided…”
Star Trek Non-Federation Timeline Revised
Supranational Defense Organizations and member countries at the outbreak of World War III (2053):
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom of Great Britain, Republic of Ireland, Fifth French Republic, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Romania, Georgia, Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Albania, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Estonia, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Turkey, Denmark.
Eastern Coalition of Nations (ECON/EC): People’s Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, People’s Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Cambodia, Republic of Laos, Republic of Myanmar (Burma), Republic of Bangladesh, Republic of Indonesia, Republic of Thailand, Republic of Malaysia, Mongolia, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Papua New Guinea.
NATO Allied States in Asia/Pacifica: Republic of Australia, Republic of New Zealand, the Philippines, Republic of Japan, South Korea, Republic of Taiwan, Republic of Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan, Qatar, Israel, Singapore.
EC Allies in Asia/Pacifica: Republic of India, Islamic Republic of Iraq, Oman, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka, Brunei.
February 28, 2050- Earth: The Russian Federation declares neutrality after the Eastern Coalition of Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization declare war after the “Taiwan Straits Incident” when the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Missile Cruiser Beijing launched an unwarranted attack against a Taiwanese frigate, bringing the two warring sides to blows. Most citizens felt that the war would only last a few months at the longest, while military planners on both sides began preparations for an extended conflict lasting years perhaps. Hours after the initial declaration of war, advanced forces from the Republic of Malaya enter the city of Singapore and begin the three year long occupation of the banking capital of South-East Asia. Vulcan: The Vulcan Science Council called back the science vessel Surak out of the Sol System after learning of the outbreak of the Third World War on Earth. Those in the science council who had been observing Earth searching for signs that humans were ready for first contact were disappointed when word reached them of the Chinese attack and what appeared to be a war that had the capacity to end human civilization should it turn nuclear.
June 1, 2053- World War III had been raging for three years by this time. Fighting had extended to the Middle East, South-East Asia, Taiwan, and into Siberia, showing no signs of slowing. President Donald M. O’Grady of the United States, who had been elected in the landslide Democratic victory in 2052 on a ‘bring the war to a close now’ platform, had lead his people as best he could. The situation in South-East Asia and on the island of Taiwan was too large for the United States alone to handle, and with the continuing fighting in Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, the EU could spare only token forces to aid the United States garrisons on Taiwan. Fighting between India, a member of the Eastern Coalition of Nations, and Pakistan, an ally of NATO, had gone poorly for both sides. The Iranians had initially declared neutrality, but in 2052 they did decide to declare for the EC, launching military strikes over the Iran-Pakistan border in hopes that their Indian allies would take advantage of the situation and bring Pakistan to its knees. Three years of almost constant stalemate had become too much for some generals in key positions in the Indian Armed Forces.
At 0530 hours New Delhi time, the Indo-Pakistani War, which was considered a side-war in the greater context of the struggle, went nuclear. Over 400 nuclear warheads of varying size were launched between the two nations, devastating the Indian Sub-Continent and bringing both countries to their knees. In both India and Pakistan, there was no longer an effective functioning government to speak of. Fulfilling their treaty obligations, the PRC launched a small phalanx of ten nuclear warheads at entrenched Pakistani positions in the Hindu Kush. Thanks to this shocking development, many NATO commanders began to call for an all out counter-strike against Chinese hardened missile bunkers, ICBM platforms, nuclear weapons storage centers, and any targets that had some military implications.
President O’Grady disagreed. Three hours after the Indo-Pakistani exchange, O’Grady made a series of phone calls to the European allies declaring that the United States would take no part in any counter-strike against the PRC that involved the use of either tactical or strategic nuclear warheads, the end result being an all out nuclear exchange between NATO and the EC. Instead, he supported a plan put forward by commanders in Syria and Turkey, calling for an enlarged offensive against EC positions in the reunited nation-state of Iraq, with possible targets along the Iraq-Iran border should the offensive prove successful.
June-December, 2053- NATO forces, spearheaded by American, British, French, and German armored divisions, launched a successful blitzkrieg-style attack against Eastern Coalition forces stationed in Iraq. Thanks to these attacks, the Iraqi petroleum that many EC countries, especially the PRC, still used to run their nations was cut off completely. For the second time in a century, American forces enter Baghdad.
January-August, 2054- NATO forces plow into Iranian Armored Corps based out of Mandali, just on the other side of the Iraqi border, inflicting severe losses at the Battle of Kirkuk, and at the Battle of Babylon. Thanks to the severe losses, Iranian forces were forced to pull back in early July lest they risk the loss of the entire Iranian Army at the hands of NATO, leaving the Iranian heartland open for invasion.
August 2, 2054- On the exact 109th anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, the PRC launched a phalanx of 25 nuclear warheads at Japan atop the latest generation Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles. Ten of the twenty-five reached their targets with fifteen loosing guidance lock and falling into the Sea of Japan, or being shot down by Japanese ABM satellites. The cities hit were Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Toyama, Matsui, Sapporo, Hiroshima, Akita, Fukuoka, and Nagasaki. The overall destructive power of the warheads was minimal; however the Chinese nuclear weapons were of a more radioactive sort meant for use on the battlefield, not against civilian targets.
Radioactivity polluted many rivers and waterways for years to come. In response, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces launched retaliatory air strikes against fifty Chinese dams, and twenty Chinese cities, including Hong Kong, Shanghai, Beijing, Canton, and the major Chinese port cities of Qingdao and Dalian. When the Japanese counter-strike was completed, the death toll reached above 25 million people, more died in one day, than died in the entire period of active combat during World War One.
August 3-12, 2054- Riots broke out in Central, South and South-East Los Angeles protesting the military draft and the horrific casualty rates of the fight in the Middle East. Some 3,000 businesses were put to the torch, along with 700 tenement apartment buildings; over 10,000 homes and large swaths of Central Los Angeles were burnt to the ground. A state of emergency was declared for the counties of Burbank, Santa Monica, and Los Angeles, allowing the governor to call in the National Guard to quell the rioting. On August 8, the National Guard entered Los Angeles under orders from the governor to bring the rioting to an end, which took an additional four days. Some historians in later years would claim that the Los Angeles riots were as bad as or worse than the Bell Riots in the San Francisco Sanctuary District some 20 years prior.
August 30, 2054- NATO forces, spearheaded by American armored columns capture Tehran, obliterating the remnants of the Iranian National Army and Air Force. With the horrific losses suffered by the Iranian Army in the Iraqi campaign, NATO forces had little trouble in defeating the remnants of the once proud Iranian Army. The Iranian Republic and Iranian Provisional Government was formed by NATO after the fall of Tehran and the flight of most of the Iranian leadership to the mountainous regions of the north of the country. The Iranian Republic would serve as a bulwark against any EC incursions mounted out of Sri Lanka, as well as providing a working model for NATO and the New United Nations during the post-war reconstruction effort in the years to come.
September 3- NATO and allied naval forces launch full scale attacks against the Chinese fleet off Java. In the largest single naval engagement since the Battle of the Philippine Sea a century prior, NATO naval forces obliterate the combined surface and submarine fleet of the EC. From then on, NATO and its allies in the Indian and Pacific Oceans had the kind of naval supremacy necessary to begin to tighten the strangle hold on any and all neutral trade going in and out of EC territories. Plans were put together earlier in the month for a combined air/sea assault against occupied Singapore that would in turn lead to the now infamous “Malay Campaign,” a bitter and arduous crawl up the Malay peninsula.
September 22- NATO forces reach the Pakistani border, now seen as the final stepping-stone to victory in Asia. NATO commanders pressed their columns of troops forward in hopes of securing what few remaining Pakistani air bases were left in tact to use as forward air bases to be used to strike Chinese forces at the largest staging ground in Western China, Yarkand.
September 30- South Korean forces, seeing the NATO victories at Java, Iran, and the successful Japanese air strikes into China, spilled over the 38th parallel in hopes of ending the three-year stalemate, and 100-year-old cold war fought between north and south. All across the border, thousands of South Korean tanks, artillery, and infantry advanced into the north, with the S. Korean Air Force establishing air superiority within hours of the initial invasion.
October 4- NATO forces launched the sea born invasion of the Malay Peninsula, depositing thousands of men and vehicles up and down the eastern side of the Straight of Malacca. The commanders of the invasion were given the task of liberating Singapore, and sweeping north up the heavily forested peninsula into Thailand, Burma, and capturing the capital of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.
October 17- Pyongyang falls to South Korean Army forces after seventeen days of fighting. Kim Sung Il, the President of North Korea, surrenders to South Korean forces in the presidential palace. A group of North Korean Army generals vow to continue the fight and re-capture Pyongyang from the South.
October 19- American naval forces launch air strikes in the Sea of Japan against North Korean supply lines and cut off entire divisions from reinforcements by destroying bridges, blowing up dams, and cutting highways with laser guided munitions. The American aircraft carriers USS Ronald Regan, Nimitz, and Washington would continue their air strikes until the end of hostilities in Korea.
October 20-November 6, 2054- Seventeen days of fighting ended at the Yalu River, the internationally recognized border between North Korea and the PRC, South Korea officially declared victory and the formation of the “United Republic of Korea.”
October 21-December 31, 2054- The Malayan Peninsula campaign goes in the favor of NATO, with Kuala Lumpur falling to NATO in November, and the rest of the peninsula falling to NATO as well. With this, the NATO expeditionary forces began to push north to capture airfields in Burma and Thailand and open the southern air front against the PRC and its allies in South-East Asia. With Korea united, Japan preparing for an assault against China in Manchuria, Taiwan as an unsinkable aircraft carrier in the East China Sea providing NATO with bases to launch dozens of bomber raids per day, the predicament of the PRC and its remaining EC allies, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma, Bangladesh, Mongolia and Sri Lanka had grown worse. Many in both EC and NATO High Command feared a prolonged campaign in the Asian hinterland to bring China to its knees. Victory, it seemed, would come at a heavy cost in human suffering, a price few in NATO High Command were willing to pay.
January 1, 2055- The Eastern Coalition offered an armistice to NATO in response to the situation. At first, NATO refused the armistice, but after talks among the political and military leaders of NATO, it was decided that a conditional armistice was better than continuing the fight in Asia and a post-war occupation zone comprised of millions of square miles of territory.
January 3, 2055- The NATO-EC cease-fire went into effect at 0001 hours Beijing time, bringing the global struggle to an end. For the first time in five years, the world was at peace.
March 21, 2055- The Eastern Coalition and NATO sign the “Treaty of Brussels,” bringing an end to the Third World War. In the peace terms, the PRC had to give up its leaders who helped lead the world into the bloodiest conflict in over a century. Along with this, it was forced to aid in the rebuilding of large areas of South-East Asia, excluding the Indian Sub-continent, which was a different matter entirely. India and Pakistan had no representative governments left, leading both sides to agree to a New United Nations peacekeeping force entering the lands of the former Republic of India, and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in early June to begin reconstruction efforts. The Middle East, being entirely in NATO hands, was left up to the victorious powers to decide upon as they see fit. At 12:30 Brussels time, the most destructive war in human history was brought to a close. The final death toll was staggering: 350 million lay dead, 500 million wounded in battle or suffering radiation sickness from the large-scale use of nuclear warheads in India and Pakistan. The civilian death toll is still unknown for India, Pakistan, and the PRC, while in Japan; 19 million civilians lost their lives in the August 8 nuclear attacks. The world had much to clean up: nations to rebuild, cities to clean up, and the shattered economies of over half of the nations of Earth.
2055- After the end of the Third World War, the peoples of Earth still had much suffering ahead of them. Thanks to the widespread use of nuclear warheads in India, Pakistan, and Japan, coupled with the use of depleted uranium sabot rounds by NATO forces, global temperatures were pegged at between ¼ to 2 degrees lower than average temperatures. With the drop in global temperatures, famine and disease became massive issues for the survivors in the formerly war torn nations of Asia. The final estimate for clean up in Pakistan was 20 years minimum to repair the damage done by the nuclear warfare and return some of the areas to their pre-war conditions, while others were deemed too irradiated to be touched for centuries. However, with the massive loss of life in the Indian Sub-Continent, estimated at between 300 and 800 million in India alone, the reconstruction effort would take much more time than initially believed.
In Greece, the parliament voted to formally end their nation’s membership in NATO after the after-action reports showed that NATO commanders used the Greek troops as nothing more than shock troops and cannon fodder during the fighting in Iraq and the drive on Tehran. In the New United Nations, the New UN Space Council formed a new sub-committee, called the “International Faster-Than-Light Consortium,” representing all nations on Earth who wished to have some sort of vested interest in the continued exploration of space.
2056-58- While Zephram Cochrane worked at Kennedy Space Center on the first warp drive with the full cooperation of the International Faster-Than-Light Consortium, the peoples of Earth desperately attempted to regain some semblance of normalcy. Warlords sprang up in the former war zones of India, and Pakistan. By 2058, India dissolved into hundreds of factions, infighting spread amongst the survivors like a cancerous tumor, all while UN peacekeepers struggled to get aid out to those who needed it most. In Iran, the remnants of the old Islamic Republic government fled to the northeast corner of the country, setting up their capital-in-exile in the city of Gonbad. The United States began experiments into gene therapy and manipulating the chromosomes of unborn fetuses. The experiments bore fruit, with the manipulation of chromosomes of unborn children, or as it is called in the field, “eugenics,” becoming an accepted procedure of the children of the famous and wealthy. After these breakthroughs, the European Union passed bans stopping the eugenics procedure from spreading to their nations, fearing that eugenics would in turn lead to cloning and distorting the gene pool by artificial means without studying the long-term side effects of the procedures. The US military took note of the eugenics procedures and began planning classified experiments to use the eugenics procedures to breed the perfect soldier. These experiments would not succeed until well into the 22nd Century.
April, 2059- The United States founded its first permanent settlement on Mars, Freedom One. It would be in constant habitation for the next two centuries. Freedom One provided the United States and its allies a valuable stepping-stone in the solar system. Along with the settlements on the moon, Freedom One was the hope of NASA for a bright end to the already chaos ridden 21st Century.
September, 2059- NASA began large scale experimentation with asteroid mining techniques on the Martian moon of Phobos. Mining operations on Phobos would continue until 2084 when the captured asteroid was hollowed out and bought by the Boeing-Lockheed Aerospace Corp, after their 2083 merger, for a new research facility for space based research and development.
2060- Zephram Cochrane’s FTL test bed vessel, the Einstein, was completed half way through the year, allowing Cochrane and his team to begin studying the operational limits of his prototype warp core and the effects of near FTL speeds on a vessel’s computer systems, structural integrity, and other vital ship systems. Cochrane’s prototype warp ship, the Phoenix, would be completed on schedule by January, 2063.
2061- After prior warnings were sent to NATO leaders, the United States began construction of its next generation space-based weapons. These next-generation weapons included orbital ICBM launch platforms, upgraded ABM satellites, USAF-run space stations, and the first generation of military spacecraft designed and built entirely for the purpose of fighting other spacecraft and orbital/surface bombardment. As the United States began construction of the orbital scaffolds for its spacecraft, Japan, Russia, and several EU member nations followed suit shortly thereafter. Some military analysts began predicting the start of a new arms race parallel to the one that preceded the Third World War eleven years prior.
2062- The United States launched its first “space cruiser,” the USS Constitution, which began flight trials in July. In conjunction with the launch of the Constitution, Congress approved the creation of a new branch of the military, the United States Space Command (USSC). Under the founding charter of the USSC, NORAD, the resurrected Strategic Air Command (SAC), and Air Force Space Command (AFSC) were all absorbed into the newly formed USSC. However, the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) remained an independent entity from the USSC, allowing freedom of deployment of theatre, tactical, and strategic nuclear weapons for the rest of the US armed forces.
The first official action of the newly formed USSC was to place an order with the defense industry for an additional five space cruisers to join the Constitution by the end of the decade. The five ships, named the USS Concord, Saratoga, Yorktown, Gettysburg, and Midway, would form the core striking power of the USSC for the next thirty years as humanity began to spread its wings and embrace space flight.
April 2, 2063- After two months of systems checks and preparations, Dr. Cochrane announced the Phoenix ready for her maiden flight, and had the vessel moved to Launch Pad 1A at the Kennedy Space Center. The Vulcan scout ship Surak entered the outer solar system to begin a routine survey, amazed to find that humanity, believed to have obliterated itself in World War III, was not only spreading out into space, but preparing for its first FTL test flight. A message was transmitted to the Vulcan Science Council by the captain of the Surak informing them of the coming human FTL test.
April 3, 2063 11:30 AM Eastern Standard Time- Cochrane and his team aboard the Phoenix successfully broke through the light speed barrier, traveling at warp 1.001 for 30 seconds and ending in a high orbit of the moon. The Vulcan crew aboard the Surak observed the warp test and sent another message to the Science Council informing them of the successful human warp flight and the captain’s decision to make first contact with the humans.
April 3, 2063, 2:45PM Eastern Standard Time- Cochrane and his team safely landed at the Kennedy Space Center after the successful flight of the Phoenix and began to celebrate humanity’s greatest scientific achievement, traveling beyond the speed of light. Just as festivities were beginning, however, the Vulcans decided to make their presence known to the people of Earth. The Surak dropped from warp into a Low Earth Orbit and began broadcasting messages of peace and friendship to the population below. The militaries of Earth began to panic, sending their active forces to high alert status, and activated whatever space based weaponry they had. The USSC sent a message to the Constitution and her as-of-yet uncompleted sister ship, the USS Concord, to scramble and prepare for hostile action. The captain of the USS Constitution received the Vulcan message before he could bring his anti-ship missiles to active status, thus avoiding any serious issue.
Before orbital defenses could be brought to bear on the Vulcans, the Surak entered the atmosphere and made its way to the Kennedy Space Center where Cochrane and his team were located.
April 3, 2063, 3:00 PM Eastern Standard Time- The Surak landed a few yards away from Launch Pad 1A at the Kennedy Space Center. Celebrations in both the United States and around the world immediately stopped, with Cochrane and his team being the first to drive out to the launch pad to meet the aliens. Humanity stood awestruck, watching their holovids and computer screens in a collective moment of silence as Cochrane extended his hand in a gesture of good will and friendship towards the Vulcan captain.
In what has gone down in human history as one of its defining moments, Cochrane somehow managed to fit some humor into such an historic and timeless event. When the Vulcan captain raised his right hand and split his fingers into a v-shape in the traditional Vulcan greeting, stating to Cochrane, “Live long and prosper,” Cochrane was unable to return the split finger gesture, awkwardly fumbling with the gesture for a moment, choosing instead to extend his hand to the Vulcan captain, smiled, and replied, “Thanks.”
April 6, 2063- The Surak sent word home that they had verified humanity’s breaking of the light speed barrier, but that Earth was still a patchwork of nation-states recovering from World War III, armed with thousands of nuclear warheads, and very much paranoid of the intentions of not only Vulcans, but other species in general. In short, humanity was not yet ready for normalized relations with the rest of the galaxy and still had a lot of “growing up to do” before they could be ready to join the galaxy at large.
April 8- The Vulcan Science Council dispatched Ambassador Varel as a liaison between the Vulcan Confederation and the peoples of Earth aboard the science vessel T’plana-hath, which had been originally assigned to do the survey of the Sol system rather than the Surak but last minute complications with a warp relay forced the T’plana-hath to remain in the Vulcan home system with the Surak taking her place.
April 26- Two days after arriving in New York, Ambassador Varel made his famous “Galactic consequences” speech to the UN Assembly. Varel’s speech has been seen by many historians to be Earth’s formal recognition as a galactic power, touting his famous quote, “Earth conflicts and rivalries must remain confined to Earth and not spread into the galaxy. To do so would result in galactic consequences stemming from Earth bound politics, and possibly could undermine modern galactic politics as they exist in their present state. Until Earth has resolved to solve all its diplomatic squabbles by diplomacy and the patchwork of nation-states have united under a single flag, it is the belief of the Vulcan Science Council, High Command, and myself, that Earth be confined to the Sol System until it is matured enough to enter galactic politics.”
Varel’s statements enraged many representatives, many of whom refused to stand and acknowledge the ambassador after he stepped down from the speaking podium. The actions undertaken by Ambassador Varel in his speech, and the Vulcan Science Council in sending Varel to speak to the UN Assembly and threaten to stop Earth nations from sending out exploration missions and establishing formal relations with other FTL capable powers in the galaxy, were seen by the majority of the population of Earth in an entirely negative light. The negative view of Varel’s statements would be made apparent the next day during the UN Security Council meeting.
April 27- After initial deliberations, eight of the nine permanent Security Council members: the USA, UK, France, Russian Federation, China, Brazil, Germany, and Japan, (India no longer had a functioning government to speak of) along with the 10 elected representatives from the UN General Assembly voted unanimously to condone the statements of Ambassador Varel and the Vulcan Science Council. In the resolution the UNSC voted on, the language used in reference to the ambassador and his people was quite harsh.
“The Security Council…Having Considered the statements made by Ambassador Varel in his speech to the General Assembly of the United Nations…Taking Into Account the status of reconstruction in the areas comprising the ‘Greater Asian Conflict Zone’ as defined by the Security Council in Resolution 3417…Being Strengthened in its conviction that no government, military, or galactic policy should bar the human race from the exploitation of, claiming of, and settlement of extra-solar territories by Earth governments…Condemns the Vulcan Confederation’s stated policy of restraining Earth governments from claiming extra-solar territories, settling aforementioned extra-solar territories, dispatching armed forces of the claimant nations to defend their extra-solar territories, and extending diplomatic relations to other galactic powers outside the Vulcan Confederation…Solemnly Calls Upon all nations to join in the vocal condemnation of the stated Vulcan Confederation policy towards Earth and her nations…Requests the Vulcan Confederation rescind its stated policy and work with the nations and peoples of Earth to prepare them for joining the larger galactic civilization…Further Requests that the Secretary-General of the United Nations work with leading members of the United Nations General Assembly to draft a resolution for the Security Council and the General Assembly to vote on concerning the legal claiming of, and settling of, extra-solar territories, and matters concerning the contacting of, recognition of, establishment of, and maintenance of formal diplomatic relations with other galactic nations and peoples no later than the first week of the coming month…”
May 9- The United Nations General Assembly and the UN Security Council vote unanimously to both condemn the statements of policy made by Ambassador Varel, and passed a resolution known in the files of the General Assembly as “GA Resolution 63/83,” formally referred to as the “International Extra-Solar Claims and Diplomatic Recognition Resolution.” The resolution was two parts; one was the extension of the right of extra-solar claims by any nation on Earth as long as they could enforce said claim, essentially revoking Resolution 1962, and the Outer Space Treaty as it was when ratified in 1963. The other part of the resolution, the “Diplomatic Recognition Resolution,” extended the definition of diplomatic recognition to allow non-earth based powers to be diplomatically recognized and allowed an observer to the UN General Assembly should they choose to send one by sending an ambassador to meet with the Secretary-General, the Security Council, and speak to the UN General Assembly and provide evidence to prove territorial integrity, and governmental functioning, having to prove the existence of a functioning government.
With these declarations, the UN single handedly overturned 100 years of international policy concerning the development of space for “peaceful means.”
July 7- The USSC suspends all space cruiser construction for the time being until Cochrane warp cores can be fully integrated into the ship designs. Construction on the other two partially completed cruisers, the Concord and the Saratoga, however, was too far along to be stopped. Both ships had launch dates fast approaching and with the revelations brought about by the Vulcan Science Council’s decisions as described by Ambassador Varel concerning Earth’s future, the USSC Admiralty thought it prudent to launch and complete the outfitting of the other two space cruisers should any additional problems with the Vulcans or Earth nations arise. It was decided that once the Concord and Saratoga finished their shakedown cruises the Constitution would enter dry dock to be outfitted with a Cochrane warp core while the other two remained on active status.
2064-66 Diplomatic relations with the Vulcan Confederation continued to be frigid for the most part with few official meetings between heads of state and Vulcan ambassador Varel, dispatched to Earth as official liaison between Earth and Vulcan. In the two years from 2064-66, the USSC completed construction and shakedowns of the cruisers Concord and Saratoga which allowed the Constitution to enter dry dock to be outfitted with a Cochrane warp drive. The remaining seven cruisers had their designs altered to allow their use of Cochrane’s warp drive and were resubmitted to the USSC for construction beginning in 2066 and continuing until 2076 when the final vessel of the 10-ship run would be completed.
The socio-economic situation on Earth was fragile at best. While the economies of the world had recovered in the decade following the end of the Third World War, the economies of the nations of the Near and Far East continued to struggle to recover. In Japan, reconstruction of the cities affected by the Chinese nuclear attack continued on schedule for a 100% recovery of the cities to pre-war infrastructure and economic outlook by 2080, if not sooner. However, in stark contrast lay the economies of South-East Asia, China, and the Indo-Pakistani Conflict Zone.
The destruction caused by the Japanese air strikes to Chinese infrastructure was immeasurable and while recovery was occurring, it was slow to start and was estimated that recovery efforts for the PRC would take 20-30 years longer than other Far East nations, placing a completing date somewhere around the turn of the 22nd Century, a sobering prospect for many in the Politburo and the Party Congress. Worse yet were the economies of the South-East Asian nations who joined the EC and fought in active combat during the Third World War. Bangladesh and Myanmar suffered the worst of the radioactive fallout from the Indo-Pakistani nuclear exchange, along with a substantial portion of Sri Lanka’s main food sources located in the ocean, fish and other ocean-dwelling plants and animals.
The nation most affected in its long term international and political output compared with pre-war was the United Kingdom. While the UK was a signatory member of the European Union, it had yet to make the currency changeover from the Pound Sterling to the Euro and was not integrated into the political body of the EU Assembly. In the wake of the war, many in the EU began to move much more closely together than they had in the pre-war years while the UK found itself reviving its close working relationship with the United States.
However, the most important change post-war was the greater role that the UK began to take within the framework of the Commonwealth of Nations, the successor body to the old British Empire. With the devastation wrought by the Indo-Pakistani conflict along with the damage caused due to conventional combat, many British relief efforts were undertaken under the auspices of the Commonwealth Offices, not the EU or the United Nations. Also, the British began to work much more closely with the Commonwealth Realms, most important of which were the ANZAC nations, to help manage relief expeditions and perform peacekeeping tasks in the Indo-Pakistani Conflict Zone.
By 2066 many lawmakers in the parliament, along with their constituencies at home, began to see the Commonwealth not as a remnant of their colonial past but as a way to help shape the future through common efforts and beliefs held among the Commonwealth Realms and the less directly tied Commonwealth Republics. With this in mind, many citizens by the end of the decade began to question the continuance of political and economic ties to the European Union.
The areas least affected by the Third World War, Africa and Latin America, were still trying to figure out their places in the world following the end of the war a decade prior. While many Latin American countries economically benefited directly from the war, the Brazilian and Argentine defense industries both signed lucrative production contracts with member nations of NATO (Brazil) and the EC (Argentina), the continent was still too raw and undeveloped in places to take advantage of the vacuum in international politics left by the withdrawal of India and Pakistan and the loss of prestige the Chinese and their EC allies suffered under the terms of the Treaty of Brussels.
Africa was also another area where the internal political and economic development hampered their entrance into more active rolls in international politics post-war. While South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria, and Egypt were all uncommitted members of the NATO alliance in the last two years of the war, no nation from the continent of Africa was directly involved in the Third World War. Economic and infrastructure development both helped play a role in the declared neutrality of many African nations in the conflict. However, by the time of Cochrane’s warp flight some of the major power brokers within the African Union were petitioning the AU to take on a greater role in international politics. These petitions picked up momentum and by 2065 had reached the floor of the Pan-African Parliament.
Support for a move towards a unified African continent was divided. Many in West and Central Africa supported the petitions to unify Africa before the end of the 21st Century. But, some of the most vocal resistance against unification was heard from representatives of Kenya, Nigeria, Egypt, and South Africa, the four uncommitted NATO allies. While the other AU member states had spent the war selling war material overseas and using the profits to build up their nations’ economies and infrastructures, the “Big Four of Africa” had grown much closer to their European and American allies rather than to their African neighbors.
South Africa, Kenya, and Nigeria had also grown closer in the decade since the end of the war to the UK and took on greater roles in the Commonwealth of Nations than they previously had undertaken. The promise of greater economic stability and access to advanced technologies lay with Britain and the Commonwealth, while the promise of helping found a united African state with the potential to become the number one economic and political force in the world lay with their African neighbors. The only thing that was certain was the promise of a difficult decision and an uncertain future.
Finally, the Russian Federation had come to a crossroads in its political and economic history. While originally a founding member of the Eastern Coalition of Nations, Russia had declared neutrality at the outset of World War III due to political issues centered on the reform of the Duma, the powers of the presidency, and economic hardship due to NATO embargoes. Reforms to the power and scope of the executive and legislative branches of the Russian government were passed by a majority vote in the Duma and signed into law by the president in 2054, and economic recovery from the NATO embargoes had brought the Russian economy back to its pre-2050 state. But, the changes in the Russian economy and political scene had come too late for them to make up their minds on intervention in World War III. By the time the issue had been brought forward in the Duma, the EC was in too weakened of a position to win even with Russian firepower and support for joining the NATO allies was almost nonexistent.
Many in Russia felt that they had lost their chance to strike back for all the injustices and hardships the Russian people had suffered for over a century, stretching back to the days of the Russian Revolution and Civil War when European nations intervened when they should have stayed out of Russian affairs. Thus, the age old debate in Russian political circles was made manifest for all to see: Where should Russia focus her attention, Asia or Europe? Should Russia be involved at all in European politics? What role should the Russian people and government place in Asiatic affairs? Most importantly, what place should Russia take in the new, post-war world? These questions, and so many more, would remain unanswered for the time being.
Sir Thomas Lloyd Andrews, Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Oxford University wrote a book in 2113 on this period of time entitled “Pride, Promise, and Peril,” which has become the standard for all history texts focused on this period of time. In his introduction, he describes with curious detail the state of affairs:
“In the whole of human history, few eras hold such a place in our development as this, and few years have such far reaching implications as these. Dr. Cochrane’s first test of his faster-than-light vessel, the Phoenix, was not simply a milestone in the scientific field or a visual symbol of the triumph of human ingenuity and creativity over the laws of nature and the universe, it marked the end of an era, the demarcation line which separated the old world from the new. Before Cochrane lay the history of human endeavors stretching back to the late 19th Century where nation and empire ruled, unchallenged and unquestioned in their supremacy. The shape of the old world, carved out of the agony and suffering of the early 20th Century clashes of arms, lay prostate before the ambitions and dreams of great and small men alike. The bloody conflagration of the Third World War destroyed what little semblance of order remained since the dissolution of empire. Yet, even while nations and leaders trumpeted the return of peace, the war was still being fought. In bombed out cities, humanitarian relief missions, and rebuilding efforts, the war was still being fought in the hearts and minds of the human race.
Few wished to face the reality of the world they now lived in. It was as if the species had collectively entered a period of hibernation, or suffered a bout of amnesia. Cochrane’s flight was humanity’s alarm clock, waking us from our slumber to begin anew with the hope and promise of a new age. Yet, few understand the importance of these two years upon the next century of human development. The whole of civilization, past, present, and future, was in doubt. Many questioned humanity’s place in the universe, some believed it would have been better to destroy Cochrane’s designs and fall inward to isolation out of cowardice or fear. Others still believed humanity had been given a new purpose, the triumph of human civilization over the wild and unknown corners of the galaxy. Finally, some nihilists believed it would have been better to have launched the nuclear missiles and brought an end to the suffering and catastrophe of human existence.
Within these two years lay the hope and promise of a brighter day as well as the bleak despair of darker times. Such was the state of affairs after Cochrane and before the Alpha Centauri mission. They were humanity’s last days of isolation, the last time that our mastery over our domain was nigh unquestionable. Collectively, we slowly awoke from our slumber and prepared to face a new age of uncertainty and doubt. We took in all that was, weighed every option available, gazed upon the remnants of the old order as though they were the long decayed ruins of the Coliseum or the Acropolis, fondly looked back on everything that had been and once was, and prepared to take the final plunge into the unknown.”
2067- Through invoking the International Extra-Solar Claims and Diplomatic Recognition Resolution (IESC), the United States laid its first claim to the Proxima Centauri system. Shortly after its construction was completed and trial runs successful, the USS Concord was dispatched to the system with 200 colonists in suspended animation in late spring. The Concord reached Proxima Centauri in late July and stayed in the system until early 2068 and aided in the construction of the first extra-solar colony, Proxima Colony, on a small moon in the inner Proxima Centauri system. The American use of the IESC preemptively prior to planting the Proxima Colony allowed them to lay a blanket claim to the entire system. However, future claims to other star systems would not go unopposed.
2068- British scientists successfully followed in Zephram Cochrane’s footsteps and broke the light speed barrier in May. By September, the first British extra-solar expedition had been dispatched to Alpha Centauri. The expedition would not reach the system until November and did not have any colonists to begin settlement and legitimize British claims to the system.
In April, the Americans dispatched the USS Concord again to the Proxima Centauri system to drop off supplies and help in the expansion of Proxima Colony. An additional 150 colonists, mostly military families, joined the 200 original colonists, which in future years would allow the American military to expand its scope of operations within the Proxima Centauri system. Along with the dispatch of the USS Concord, the United States Space Command (USSC) announced the completion of the space cruiser USS Saratoga, which allowed the USS Constitution to enter space dock to be outfitted with a Cochrane warp core. The as-of-yet unfinished sister ship to the other USSC space cruisers was officially renamed USS Lexington by an act of Congress to keep with naval tradition.
By the end of the year, civilian corporations in both the United States and Britain began lobbying their respective governments for access to the plans to the Cochrane warp cores to expand their range of operations into the outer solar system, previously considered almost inaccessible with existing rocket technology, and the surrounding systems. While official documents detailing the designs of the Cochrane warp core were not released to civilian contractors until 2099, many corporations began investing heavily in space based technology and, in case their governments refused to release designs for the Cochrane warp core, began funding their own FTL research divisions.
2069- Two key events occurred this year, setting the stage for the remainder of the 21st Century. In March, the USSC expedition to Alpha Centauri, lead by the USS Saratoga, successfully entered orbit of the fourth planet of the Alpha Centauri system, an M-Class planet suitable for human colonization without extensive terraforming or use of pressurized shelters as were used at Proxima Centauri. The 200 colonists were immediately woken from suspended animation and sent to the planet’s surface. While the American colony’s presence in the Alpha Centauri system violated the spirit of the IESC, it did not break the wording of the UN Resolution. Before long, the British government lodged a formal protest with both the United States and the United Nations for American claims to the Alpha Centauri system which had been claimed by the earlier British expedition. The future UN Commission on Extra-Solar Territorial Integrity and Claims would find in favor of the American claim’s legitimacy, while still recognizing the legitimacy of British claims within the Alpha Centauri system, leaving no formal claim by either side on the entire system, only claims on asteroids, moons, and continents on Alpha Centauri 4, the only M-class planet.
The second event occurred in July at the Commonwealth of Nations meeting in Ontario. With their collective experiences in the Third World War at the back of their minds, representatives from the remaining Commonwealth Nations (Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the Caribbean nations, Belize, Guyana, the United Kingdom, and the Indian remnant) debated, and finally passed, the Commonwealth Defense Act of 2069 which unified the military high commands of all the remaining Commonwealth nations into a single command structure, effectively unifying all of their militaries into a single, cohesive fighting unit. With the passage of the Commonwealth Defense Act, the British were once and for all turning their back on the European Union and embraced a future separate from European affairs. By 2075, the separate space agencies of the Commonwealth nations would be united under the Commonwealth Space Act which formed the Commonwealth Space Agency and later Commonwealth Space Corps.
2070- The first of the new USSC space cruisers, the USS Lexington, built from the keel up as a warp capable starship, set out from space dock on its shakedown cruise, lasting until the end of the year. The cruisers Gettysburg and Midway would soon follow in 2071 and 72 respectively. The British ordered their first three spaceships for military use, the HMS Nelson, Rodney, and Elizabeth I. All three British vessels would be finished before 2075 and would serve the British, and later Commonwealth, well into the 22nd Century.
2072- The European Union Constitution, passed just before the beginning of the Third World War in 2048, came into effect. The EU Constitution came into effect on January 1, abolished all national borders, and made the EU Parliament and Prime Minister the absolute authorities of European affairs. On December 31, 2071, the British Parliament voted to officially dissolve its political and economic ties to the European Union and called its observer at the EU Parliament in Brussels back to London just in time to avoid any legal ramifications from the Constitution’s ascent.
2073- Representatives from the British and American space programs announced plans to launch a joint US/UK mission to the Tau Ceti system in 2074. The EU Space Agency began construction of its first Cochrane warp drive powered vessel, Europa. The Europa would not be completed in time to take part in the farewell celebrations for the Anglo-American expedition the following year, but would complete several test flights before the end of the year.
2074- The joint Anglo-American expedition to Tau Ceti, lead by the USS Saratoga and HMS Nelson, departed the Sol System on January 2 amid many celebrations and festivities worldwide. The 125 man joint venture reached Tau Ceti before the end of March and stayed in the system until mid-September, departing in time to return home before the end of the year. British and American claims to Tau Ceti were recognized by the UN, giving both nations the time to plan follow-up expeditions to the star and gather volunteers to plant colonies. The British expedition to Tau Ceti would be the last time that the British undertook an expedition to a star system independent from their Commonwealth allies.
The EU Space Agency launched its first Cochrane warp core test vessel, the Europa in February, one month shy of the launch of the Anglo-American expedition to Tau Ceti. The Europa would break the light speed barrier four times between its launch and the end of the year.
2075- At the annual Commonwealth Conference, plans were finalized and put in place for the total unification of the separate space agencies into a unified Commonwealth Space Agency by the end of the year.
In Russia the socio-political situation, made worse by a continuing economic downturn that lasted the better part of a decade, reached critical mass. On February 7, the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange, the principal stock exchange in the Russian Federation, suffered the single worst sell off in its 80 years of operation with a 420-point drop. The cause was narrowed down to three natural resource trading corporations who dumped thousands of their competitors’ stocks in an effort to force the companies to submit to hostile takeover gestures. The next day the sell-off continued, trigging other large corporations to follow suit against their competition and tens of thousands of additional stocks were dumped onto the already oversaturated market. The Moscow Interbank dropped an additional 400 points.
By the end of the week the sell-off, which was originally centered on a small number of natural resource and industrial corporations, spread out and began affecting other businesses that were non-resource or industrial oriented. In the following weeks, the Moscow Stock Exchange, the Russian Trading System and the Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange all had similar downturns which lasted well into March. By the end of spring the Russian economy had begun to feel the effects of what became referred to as the “Moscow Stock Crash,” with the industrial, agricultural, and natural resource sectors all suffering equally.
The Moscow Stock Crash came at the worst possible time for the Russian economy. Russian neutrality during the Third World War had allowed the economy to recover to its pre-2050 state after the lifting of the NATO trade embargo. However, after the Treaty of Brussels came into effect in 2055, the Russians found it difficult to find markets for their export goods with the US and its NATO allies shouldering the burden of relief and reconstruction efforts in the Middle East and Central Asia. A problem rose soon after; there were not enough consumers of the Russian exports yet resource extraction and industrial production continued at pre-war levels. Over the following two decades Russian companies struggled to adjust to the new world marketplace, with many businesses failing to do so and declaring bankruptcy.
When the Moscow Stock Crash occurred, the Russian economy was already primed to suffer a total collapse. By early summer, unemployment had risen to 9.5% and showed no signs of slowing down. The economic downturn had begun to impact politics as well. The volatility of Russian politics began to play out on the floor of the 450 seat State Duma; physical brawls broke out between members of the leading political parties, political discussions became more absolute and took on militaristic overtones as the year dragged on, and political rallies began to have an increased number of attendees bringing weapons with them.
By November, the government reported unemployment at 11.5% and still rising. Twenty years of the economic disintegration of the Russian state, coupled with lagging frustration over Russian neutrality during the Third World War and 80 years of political corruption in public office had taken their toll. Russia was teetering on the edge of its greatest political crisis since the October Revolution of 1917 and it appeared that there was nothing anyone could do to bring the nation back from the edge.
Waiting in the wings, the four major Russian political parties; the United Russia Party (Centrist), the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (Ultranationalist/Neo-Conservative), and Fair Russia: Motherland, pensioners, life (Socialist, populist, nationalist) had begun bringing other, smaller, political parties and organizations into their orbits. By the end of the year, the four largest political parties had begun preparing for an extended period of social unrest and political violence.
While the four parties prepared for open violence, a fifth political organization, what we now refer to as the United Russian Imperialist and Monarchist League, a united front of domestic tsarists, imperialists and strict conservatives, backed by groups of exiled Russian monarchists, (many of whom traced their lineage back to White Russian exiles and monarchists), imperialists, and conservative factions within the Russian Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox Churches, began to coalesce around Nicholas Dimitri Romanov, the pretender to the Russian throne. While not well known domestically, the United Russian Imperialist and Monarchist League began to gather funds and weapons in preparation for what everyone knew was coming next.
The stage was set for all out civil war in the coming months, all that was required was a single spark to light the fires of social unrest.
2076- 2076 has been considered by many one of the turning points of the last half of the 21st Century. Three events occurred that helped shape the course of events well into the 22nd Century: The founding of the United Nations Space Probe Agency, commonly referred to as the UNSPA, the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the subsequent release of the Congressional report on the state of American democracy, and the beginning of the Second Russian Civil War.
(United Nations)- The formation of the UNSPA was the culminating event in the 20 year history of international FTL research. The International Faster-Than-Light Consortium had waned in power over the 2060’s, due in large part to American and British military research into FTL applications to weapons systems, and was nearing the end of its UN charter. While the three nations with FTL capabilities, the United States, European Union and Britain continued to expand funding to their national warp projects, funds for the International FTL Consortium began to dry up by 2070 which drove many international commentators to write opinion pieces for such daily newspapers as USA Today and the London Times which called for renewed funding of the FTL Consortium to allow every nation on Earth equal access to warp technology.
Over the following six years, public outcries for additional funds and manpower for the FTL Consortium continued unabated even after the successes of the Proxima Centauri colony, the Alpha Centauri missions, and the joint Anglo-American Expedition to Tau Ceti. When the charter for the consortium came up for renewal at the beginning of the year, several ideas were put forward for both the renewal of the charter, and successor organizations to the International FTL Consortium.
Heated arguments over the future of the international efforts towards continued FTL research and development began almost as soon as the General Assembly reconvened in early January and went through well into the early spring. Finally, a compromise was reached when the ambassadors of the EU, America, Britain and Japan came up with the idea for the United Nations Space Probe Agency, or the UNSPA for short. The UNSPA would become the successor organization to the International Faster-Than-Light Consortium, inheriting the staff, research facilities and experimental craft currently operated by the FTL Consortium. It would answer directly to the United Nations General Assembly and the UN President. Funding for the UNSPA would come directly from the yearly operating budget of the UN along with a new due owed by all UN members to be paid out at the beginning of the new fiscal year. The UNSPA was to take on the roles of exploration, scientific research, colonization efforts, humanitarian relief, and diplomacy on behalf of the UN and representing, without bias, all nations and peoples of Earth. In effect, the UNSPA was to become humanity’s official presence in the larger Milky Way Galaxy and filled some of the roles that the Vulcan consulate had deemed “appropriate,” which were exploration, scientific research, off-world colonization efforts, and diplomacy to the galaxy at large.
The idea for the UNSPA was well received by the General Assembly and almost as soon as the ambassadors put the UNSPA in front of the General Assembly, a consensus was reached and a committee was formed to flesh out the concepts put forth and to write a founding charter. On April 3, coincidentally on the 13th anniversary of Zephram Cochrane’s, the draft of the UNSPA Charter was finished, which included a preamble that drew heavily from the founding documents of both the UN and several nations, including Great Britain and the United States.
By the end of spring, the UNSPA Charter was finalized and put before the General Assembly for the final vote. While several states, including the People’s Republic of China and several of its Eastern Coalition allies who were barred from participating in the International FTL Consortium due to stipulations written in the Treaty of Brussels, voiced dissent against the dissolution of the FTL Consortium without proper deliberation, there were no “nay” votes against the UNSPA Charter. With 8 abstaining, the core 8 Eastern Coalition nations, the UNSPA Charter passed with 184 yeas, 0 nay, and 8 abstaining from voting.
Coincidentally the General Assembly vote on the UNSPA Charter was the last time that the member states of the European Union would vote as independent political entities. The following year, all of the ambassadors would be recalled to their respective member states within the EU and were to be replaced by a single ambassador representing the European Union.
(United States)- The tri-centennial celebrations of the signing of the Declaration of Independence were considered by many to be the largest 4th of July celebrations any who were alive at that time had ever seen. Across the United States, the insular territories, and the American off-world colonies, there were parades, speeches by prominent civic leaders at the state and national levels, barbecues, fireworks shows and all the other customs associated with 4th of July celebrations in the United States. However, while the celebrations went on as planned, a day earlier the “Franklin Commission,” a bi-partisan congressional group devised and commissioned by former President Kenan in 2071 to investigate the status of democracy and representative government in America, released its findings to the public. While such commissions were common place in the post-World War III years, the Franklin Commission was the last of the so-called “Congressional Reconstruction Narratives,” which gained their unofficial title due to historians and social commentators in later years calling the commissions collectively the, “Official government narrative on the status of the post-war reconstruction efforts at home and abroad.”
The chair and namesake of the Franklin Commission, three-term Senator Henry Thomas Franklin (R-NC), was the first to speak at the press conference. In an uncharacteristically short 10 minute speech, Senator Franklin laid out the findings of the commission in a frank and honest fashion. His opening statement, along with the introduction to the president’s speech at Ft. McHenry in Baltimore the next day, has become indelibly attached to the Franklin Commission’s findings:
“Ladies and gentleman of the press, foreign and off-world dignitaries and citizens of the United States, on this, the eve of the tri-centennial of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the beginning of the Revolution, I come before you with both sorrowing data. The status of democracy, and of representative government, here in the United States, is dire. Participation in local, regional and national elections is at 37% overall. One in three of us even bother to vote when elections take place. The public sentiment has been, and continues to be, that their votes mean nothing in the grand scheme of things, that the end result of any public election has already been predetermined by the powers that be, and that the government cannot be trusted to carry out the results of the election no matter how the election may go.
Moreover, it was found that somewhere around 65 to 70% of all citizens do not believe that the government has acted and continues to act in their best interests, that the government is corrupt and untrustworthy, and that most importantly of all, they hold no shred of belief that their government represents them or their beliefs. In short, to the majority of Americans, our government is untrustworthy, corrupt, and drunk with the economic, political, and military power it wields.”
The next day, President Brenden addressed the crowds gathered at Fort McHenry in Baltimore for the traditional Fourth of July celebrations. Prior to the presidential address, tens of thousands of spectators lined the shores of Baltimore harbor in anticipation of the presidential address commemorating the national tri-centennial. In a last minute decision, President Brenden had the podium for the address moved from inside Fort McHenry to outside the sally port (main entrance) to address the Fourth of July crowds who came to hear him speak. The 45 minute long address to the nation would go down as one of the most widely watched presidential addresses in the nation’s history, and would be quoted for years to come. Many political analysts in coming years would cite the president’s speech at Fort McHenry as what single handedly won President Brenden his second term in office:
“My fellow Americans, it gives me great pleasure to address you on this, our nation’s most cherished holiday, and on the celebration of our nation’s tri-centennial. I am standing in front of Fort McHenry in Baltimore harbor where on September 13, 1814 one thousand American soldiers withstood a 25 hour bombardment by the British Navy. The garrison’s refusal to surrender even under the combined might of the Royal Navy flotilla would go down in history as the inspiration for Francis Scott Key to write what would become our national anthem, the Star Spangled Banner. It was here, on the shores of Baltimore harbor, against all odds, that we looked the most powerful nation in the eye, took all that they could give us, and won the day. At a bleak time in the War of 1812 when our nation’s capital was in ashes, our army unable to fight off the advances of the British army, and public support turning against the war, the 1,000 defenders of Fort McHenry were able in one day to raise the spirits of the public and instill in all Americans a sense of national pride and unity.
Once again, our nation faces challenges of equal stature as those we faced in 1814. Only this time we face not the violence of combat, not the threat of invasion, but the threat that our own long cherished traditions of representative government, and democracy it self, may disappear forever. The threat lies not with invading armies or economic collapse, but with our selves. We have grown a culture of national distrust of the federal government; we no longer believe our government to be representing our own best interests, political corruption is around every corner in Washington, and fiscal responsibility is non-existent. What’s more, because of these beliefs, many of us do not bother to even vote, believing it a pointless exercise in futility, that our voice does not matter, and that even if we did vote, our vote would be ignored and cast off to the side like a piece of scrap paper. We have lost faith in our government, and even in the democracy that we so cherish as the cornerstone of our nation’s foundation.
My fellow Americans, this challenge might be the single largest and most difficult our nation has ever faced. There is no enemy we must fight, no evil to defeat, no nation to vanquish, there is only us. We have become our own worst enemy, the perfect foe to which there is no fight we can wage. Our collective mistrust of all things associated with politics and the national government, built up over the past century since the end of the Second World War and supported by the stark realities of the Cold War, and the government failures of the War on Terror and the Eastern Coalition, has lead to the very challenge we now face.
No other nation, save the Roman Republic in the years leading up to the rise of Julius Caesar in 44BCE, has ever faced the same kind of challenge we now face today. There can be no tactical withdrawal, no retreat, and no surrender to this enemy. For if we surrender, we seal the fate of our democratic heritage and forever doom future generations to a slow but sure descent into absolute despotism. We are in the position today that the citizens of Rome faced in the waning days of the republic. We see tyranny around every street corner, corruption in every day dealings, and fear the very government which was created to serve us. The only thing standing between us today and the Romans before Julius Caesar is the breakdown of the social order and the rise of fraternal, multi-sided civil war among the elite and powerful of society.
What will future generations say of us today and our actions in the coming decades if we choose to do nothing? If we choose to give in, throw our hands up in defeat, and allow the end to come, how will they judge us? Will we be seen as cowards? Self serving profiteers? Criminals who abandoned the ideals central to our national identity? Or, will we be seen as historians today view the citizens of Rome in 44BCE, who valued personal security and their livelihoods over the republican ideals they espoused? Will our children, grandchildren, or great-grandchildren be the ones to give into corruption and vice, to surrender all that we hold dear to us as American ideals, and welcome a modern Caesar with open arms? What, if anything, can or should be done to prevent this descent into tyranny?
I can only speak for myself and my family when I say this: As long as I hold breath in my lungs, as long as I can have some impact on what the future may bring, I will do whatever I can to prevent this catastrophe from ever taking place. We have a responsibility both to ourselves and our children, and to the men and women who have fallen in the defense of liberty since the minutemen lined up on the parade grounds in Lexington town square in April, 1775 and took the first stand in the defense of freedom, to do everything in our collective power as citizens of this nation to do what is right.
We must rebuild public trust in the national government, we must eliminate vice and corruption from the halls of power, we must restore public belief in the idea that each and every one of us as citizens of this democracy has the right to voice our dissent at the ballot box, we must revive public involvement in government, and most important, we must teach our children, both at home and school, that the ideals and principles espoused in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution are at the heart of everything that it means to be an American, and that the glory days of our nation are not behind us, but are ahead of us.
My fellow Americans, I come to you on our tri-centennial with this call to action. We must take action now, immediately, to reverse the course on which our nation is following. We must face these challenges head on and with the stalwart determination that we will not allow this country, our country, to succumb to the same fate our republican ancestors did 2,000 years ago. We can, all of us, take part in this effort to restore our government and restore the democracy we value and cherish. When, in the near future, our efforts are found to have succeeded, we will have proven ourselves worthy to call ourselves heirs to the democratic ideals laid out in the Declaration of Independence and the institutions created in the Constitution. We will, moreover, have proven ourselves truly worthy of standing shoulder to shoulder with the other citizens of the galaxy as equals, ready to take our place in the galactic brotherhood of civilizations, bringing meaning to the old NASA motto, Per Aspera Ad Astra, through hardships to the stars.
In closing, I would like to wish all of you a happy and safe Fourth of July. May God continue to bless America, and may he guide us in the coming months and years. Thank you and good night.”
(Russia)- Finally, in Russia, the disintegration of the remaining authority of the central government and the outbreak of violence and civil disturbances among political supporters took place before the spring thaw had set in. After the first of the year, the economic collapse which had begun the previous summer reached its low point. After the reopening of the stock exchanges and banks on January 2, Russians of all economic and social status showed up in droves to pull what little money they had still invested out of the market.
Fears of total economic collapse became a reality by the end of the week when foreign investors were advised to begin selling their shares in Russian based businesses before the value of the ruble went too low. Coupled with the massive foreign sell off in the second week of January, was a public panic over the issue of bank insolvency, long term mortgages, and credit debt in the now failing Russian economy. Before long, bank runs began after rumors of widespread bank insolvency in several major banks and creditors, including the largest private commercial bank in Russia, the Alfa Bank. Along with the runs on the Alfa Bank, runs commenced on the VTB Bank, the Russia Bank, the International Industrial Bank, and Rosbank.
By the end of the month, the Alfa, Russia, and International Industrial banks had all suffered extended runs and were no longer solvent, leaving millions of Russians without access to their life’s savings and unable to deposit and cash pay checks. Moreover, by the end of the month, official reports from the Central Bank of Russia laid out a very real chance of the central bank loosing solvency as well.
The loss of solvency would come too late to have a real impact on the coming civil war. In March, protests erupted across the nation, many of which turned violent, and proved once and for all the lack of central authority that Moscow held. The March protests would be to the Second Russian Civil War what the October Revolution of 1917 was to the first, the spark that started the proverbial forest fire.
On April 2, protests outside the Kremlin turned violent. The president and many of his advisors were drawn into the protests. Historians still argue over where the shot came from, the protestors or the police, but whoever the shot came from the effect was all the same. While the president attempted to speak to the protestors face to face, a shot rang out and the president fell to the ground with a bullet lodged very close to his heart. He would not last until the ambulance arrived. Spectators at the scene reported later that his final words were, “Don’t let the dream die, don’t let all that we have worked so hard for, die this way.” The president’s hopes would wither in the fires of civil war.
The next day, the State Duma argued over the successor to the presidency. The four-way split in support over who the president should be was split right down party lines. No successor would be chosen, for by the end of the week, all four parties had stormed out of the assembly hall and prepared for the inevitable outbreak of conflict. By the end of the month, open conflict among the major political parties was a reality. International support for the disparate factions in the Second Russian Civil War would be split down ideological lines and the individual factions would take on the names of their ideological predecessors 160 years prior during the First Russian Civil War:
United Russia (White Russians): Limited international aid from the European Union, Japan, and the United States
Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Red Russians): Large scale economic and military aid from the Eastern Coalition and the PRC in particular.
Liberal Democrats/Fair Russia Coalition [merger with United Russia by 2079] (Blue Russians): Large scale international aid from the European Union, United States, Great Britain and the Commonwealth of Nations, and the African Union.
Monarchist League (Green Russians): Limited international aid from conservative monarchist factions in the United States, the European Union, Great Britain, and the Commonwealth of Nations.
2077- (United Nations) – Arguments are heard in the UN General Assembly on whether or not the UN Trusteeship Council would become the governing organ of the quickly growing off world colonies in both the Sol System and the extra solar colonies in Alpha and Proxima Centauri and elsewhere. While the arguments would go nowhere for the next few years, the two big stories were the suspension of Russian voting power in all United Nations political organs, and the Vulcan Confederation’s entrance to the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
By the spring, members of the Security Council were growing weary of the Russian issue stemming from the issue of which faction had the right to claim the Russian Federation’s seat at the Security Council and the General Assembly. With all UNSC members sending aid to political factions in the conflict, it was agreed after a very heated debate and close vote in the General Assembly to suspend the Russian Federation seat in the General Assembly and the Security Council until the successful conclusion of the Second Russian Civil War.
The Vulcan Confederation’s agreement to enter the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council under observer status has been the cause of much debate over the intervening decades. Some have pointed to the debates in the General Assembly over extending the powers of the old Trusteeship Council, inactive since the dissolution and reformation of the old United Nations in the early 2020’s, as the reason for the Vulcan entry into Earth politics. Others pointed to the explosion of energy poured into FTL technology by the Earth governments as the reason why the Vulcans entered the UN. Whatever the reason, on April 1, 2077, the Vulcan ambassadors formally entered the UN Assembly Hall in New York with observer status.
(United States)- Aero cars began to make their first appearances in the airspace over New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, and other major metropolitan centers. Many have also pointed to this year, 2077, as the year that the BosWash (Boston-Washington Northeast Corridor) megalopolis emerged as a single cohesive, entirely connected, metropolitan center. The urbanization of the last remaining areas between Baltimore and Washington, and New York and Boston was completed. Over the next 50 years, additional megalopolises would emerge in the Pacific Northwest (Greater Seattle-Olympia Metropolitan Complex), Southern California (Greater Los Angeles), and the Great Lakes (Greater Chicago-Pittsburg Complex).
Also, the November 2 San Diego Subway Bombing has been marked as the second rise of Eco-terrorism, the first being from the early 21st Century until the end of the Third World War and the disappearance of Col. Phillip Green, ex-USMC, from public life. Colonel Green’s fanatical eco-terrorists were held responsible for the near destruction of the city of Chicago in 2039 with a suitcase nuclear warhead. However, Green and his cohorts were never caught by law enforcement.
Thus after a 20 year lull in activity, Green’s “Earth Liberation Front,” or “ELF,” named in honor of a late 20th and early 21st Century eco-terrorist front responsible for arsons and vandalism in the Pacific Northwest, became active once more. The ELF would become a thorn in the side of the United States government for the remainder of the century and well into the first quarter of the next.
2078- (former Russian Federation)- After two years of open conflict, the three largest fronts in the Second Russian Civil War, United Russia, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and the Liberal Democrats/Fair Russia Coalition had fought each other to a virtual stalemate and had driven most of the civilian population away from supporting any one side. Looting, pillaging, raping, murder, all were common place, which has lead some historians to compare the Second Russian Civil War less to the first and more to the kind of warfare experienced in the Thirty Year’s War in the 1620’s. After the onset of the stalemate in 2077, with no end in sight, many field commanders began ordering the use of small and large yield tactical nuclear warheads.
Over the course of several weeks, two to three dozen tactical warheads were used by the three factions either in hopes of opening holes in one another’s lines to exploit in an offensive action, or in retaliation against the use of tactical warheads. By the second week, several full yield atomic and thermonuclear warheads were detonated. The highest yield, a 1.5 megaton thermonuclear warhead, was launched atop an aging and once decommissioned R-36 ICBBM by the Liberal Democrats/Fair Russia Coalition at the headquarters of the Communist Party front, which also contained the largest arms cache and supply dump for their armed forces. Several additional sub-megaton and megaton warheads were used by the Communist front, as well as the United Russia front, in the last days of the nuclear exchange.
Thankfully, most strategic warheads were used by the combatants in more sparsely populated areas against formations of soldiers, rather than against civilian population centers. However, at least a dozen or more tactical nuclear warheads were used in the heavily populated areas of European Russia, west of the Ural Mountains. Nuclear fallout began to impact large metropolitan centers such as Moscow and St. Petersburg, the water supply was, in some areas, made unfit for consumption due to radioactivity, perishable food stuffs were contaminated and had to be destroyed. The very fabric of Russian society began to come apart at the seams with mass rioting, looting, hoarding, and the widespread proliferation of small arms amongst the remaining population.
The two week nuclear exchange also managed to decapitate the leadership of all three fronts. With the deaths of most of the political leaders, leading generals began to fight amongst themselves over who would assume political control over the fronts. In short order, the generals began sending the remaining forces still under their control to try and either defeat the competition and assume control through brute strength, or use shock and awe to bring the rival factions back together. In the end, not even the generals could control their armies, which quickly dissolved and began coalescing around charismatic individuals who turned into regional warlords. Within a month of the first tactical nuclear strike, all three fronts had dissolved into regional warlords and had dragged much of Russia down with them.
Control of two of the key cities in the entire nation, Moscow and St. Petersburg, was lost. Most of the civilian population of Moscow either evacuated in the days leading up to the conflict, or had armed themselves and formed competing street gangs vying for control over food distribution centers and the few relief convoys. In St. Petersburg, most of the middle and upper classes fled the city at the outbreak of fighting and made their way across the Karelian Isthmus into Finland, an EU member. Like in Moscow, armed street gangs took control of the streets and regional warlords made receiving food and medical supplies almost impossible. In essence, the unified Russian state ceased to exist, and the chaos of the Second Russian Civil War had become pure anarchy in most urban centers. However, as the cohesiveness of Russian society dissolved and all seemed lost, the fourth and final front in the Second Russian Civil War emerged from the chaos.
With limited financial resources and foreign support, the Monarchist League, also referred to as the “greens,” was never seen as a major threat to any of the three major fronts and was left alone. By a twist of fate, this left both the political and military leadership of the greens relatively in tact after the nuclear exchanges. In the aftermath of the nuclear exchange and the collapse of civil society in urban Russia, the greens made immediate efforts to stem the rising tide of warlordism wherever they could. They used the preexisting frameworks of the pre-war local governments, found city planners; law enforcement heads, mayors, city councilors, or any other civilian government leaders still alive, and put them back to work in relief efforts.
The greens worked from the outside in, they used what limited resources they had at hand and worked from the town down to the village levels. They used Russian Orthodoxy as the key to success; they built their efforts around churches, which were usually located at or near the town centers. By the fourth month after the nuclear exchange, in mid-May, many of the smaller towns and villages surrounding the three key cities of European Russia: Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Volgograd, had been secured. Highways and railways were soon secured and the work of disarming and disbanding the smaller, less powerful, warlord armies began.
The goal of securing Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Volgograd took into the fall to complete. Several warlord armies outside Moscow put up heavy resistance to the greens. However, as the only remaining political front with any cohesive leadership left, they overcame the resistance and on the morning of August 22, 2078, advance forces for the Russian Monarchist League entered Moscow. By the afternoon, the greens held a small ceremony in Red Square celebrating the victory over the local warlords and began relief efforts to the people of the city. Two weeks later, the cities of Volgograd and St. Petersburg fell to the greens as well.
It would not be until 2079 the final victory was secured over both the warlords, and the remaining organized forces of the other three fronts still fighting in Siberia. However, the way was paved for the eventual green victory and the return of the Romanov exiles to the motherland.
(United States)- During a brief lull in the Congressional debates over possible intervention in the Russian Civil War, a military expenditures bill was passed which freed up $10 billion for the development of mass drivers, which were seen as the logical progression from the small caliber rail guns that had been mounted on the American space cruisers. Several riders were attached to the bill which included a $100 million investment in NASA’s space elevator program, $50 million to go towards ongoing recovery efforts in the Indian Sub-Continent and $15 million to the Space Studies Institute, a non-profit institute founded in 1977 by the late Princeton University professor Dr. Gerard K. O’Neill, to fund its ongoing research into O’Neill cylinders and other large space habitats for human colonization.
(Eastern Coalition)- After two decades of recovery efforts, the remaining member states of the Eastern Coalition of Nations emerged once more onto the world state with the People’s Republic of China at its helm. After their humiliating defeat at the hands of the US/EU lead NATO and their Mid East allies, the Chinese and their South-East Asian allies launched “Operation: Smiling Dragon,” the first of a series of air and naval exercises over the South and East China Seas designed to announce to the world the EC’s return after a 20 year recovery. Two PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) task forces entered the South and East China Seas and, in conjunction with forces dispatched from as far away as Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, ran a series of war games as close as legally possible to Taiwanese, Japanese, and Korean territorial waters.
Along with “Operation: Smiling Dragon,” two Chinese armored corps held military exercises along the Sino-Russian border. PLA representatives responded to the foreign press by stating that it was not against international law to hold exercises in your own nation, even if said exercises are close to, or located on, a foreign border. Western military analysts began dusting off pre-war reports on the possibility of Sino-Russian hostilities.
2079- (Siberia) - With covert Eastern Coalition support, several generals with Communist loyalties were able to rein in several rogue warlord armies and were able to reconstitute the Red front. In response, 10 warlords formally associated with the United Russia and Fair Russia fronts put aside their temporary hostilities to form a united front composed of the United Russia and Fair Russia fronts, now simply referred to as the “White Russians.”
By the end of the year, the White and Red Russians were once more fighting for control of Siberia. However, the situation was changed compared to 2077. The Green Russians were in control of all of European Russia. With European Russia, the Green Russians had a large portion of the Russian nuclear stockpiles, much of the Russian infrastructure, and control of over 60% of the remaining Russian population. The Russian Monarchist Army by 2079 was outfitted with modern aircraft purchased from the Americans and the Europeans, relatively modern American surplus tanks from World War III, and modern pre-war Russian small arms. Both the White and Red Russians were outfitted with pre-2020’s small arms, including millions of AK-47’s left in old Soviet era stockpiles, Cold War era Soviet tanks, and limited aircraft.
The Russian Monarchist Army began its first military operation in November which pacified the warlord controlled just east of the Ural Mountain passes. By the end of the month, a half-dozen smaller, unaffiliated, warlord armies had been disbanded and Green Russian control was extended almost to the borders of White and Red Russian control which began at the city of Omsk. In December, monarchist forces secured control of the city of Omsk, a White Russian stronghold, and began the long drive east to Vladivostok.
(Commonwealth of Nations)- Months of tense deliberations among the Commonwealth members lead to the announcement of the formation of the “Commonwealth Space Administration” and the “Commonwealth Space Corps,” the successor organizations to the individual space programs of the separate nations of the Commonwealth.
In September, the HMS Nelson left Earth orbit with a full crew and with 300 colonists in suspended animation to formally begin the settlement of the Alpha Centauri system. With over half of the total colonists being from the African “Big Three,” Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa, the first steps towards human colonization outside of the solar system were to be of a more inclusive nature than the colonization efforts on Earth in centuries past.
(Worldwide)- Fusion reactors began coming online in the more developed regions of the world. Beginning in the European Union, United States, the Commonwealth, and Japan, several large fusion reactors came online by the end of the year. The power needs of large portions of the populations of these nations would from then on be dealt with in a much more environmentally friendly way. However, as fusion power and fusion reactors spread in the following decade, Helium-3 deposits on the moon became a much sought after commodity on the world market and would lead to several conflicts in the 2090s and early 2100s.
2080- (South America)- The Union of South American Nations, USAN, formally began assigning passports to all citizens of South America, save French Guyana. Over the preceding three decades, customs unions, a common currency, and the lowering of all internal trade tariffs had brought the nations of South America closer together and had prepared them for the final steps towards unification which would come by the end of the 2080s.
(Vulcan)- The Second Andorian War broke out over the sacred Vulcan P’Jem Monastery. The First Andorian War in the 2020’s had been considered a stalemate, with much of the fighting limited to space combat in and around the P’Jem system, while fighting in the Second Andorian War was spread out over both Vulcan and Andorian controlled space. Some of the most brutal fighting was isolated to the Dessica System, where Vulcan and Andorian troops would engage in jungle fighting operations that were eerily similar to the American experiences in the South Pacific and Vietnam War during the 20th Century. In coming decades, both the Dessica and Deneva systems would be abandoned as human settlers moved in and in greater numbers
In one of the greatest individual rights violations of the 21st Century, agents dispatched from the Vulcan High Command ruthlessly exterminated the population of several Andorian colonies captured during the main offensive, including settlements in the Dessica system. Many historians point to this instance as the first time when human developed strategies for conquest were applied to alien conflicts. Andorian stories about the Dessica massacre would become the basis for the famous Hollywood movie “Dessica,” released in 2095 and the winner of the Academy Award for best motion picture that year.
The Second Andorian War was also the first interstellar conflict where human reporters, dispatched from all major news organizations, were witnesses. Reports from the frontlines on the newest Vulcan phasers and shield technologies would drive most Earth nations to begin investments into both technologies in an effort to close the tech gap between Earth and its interstellar neighbors.
(Russia)- The Green Russians declare victory in Siberia after the destruction of the last Red and White Russian holdouts in the Russian Far East. The offensive into Siberia has been hailed by many historians as the last of the so-called “textbook” armored column advances. As the Green Russian upgraded T-90 and T-105 tanks swept aside the Red and White Russian Cold War era T-56’s and T-60’s, already plans were developed abroad for the deployment of rail guns to heavy armored divisions. Plans for rail gun armed tanks would reach fruition by the early 22nd Century, just in time for the
After the final defeat of the Red and White field armies, the moment over a century in development finally came to Moscow. On September 1, 2080, the official heir to the Romanov Dynasty, Alexander Romanov, an American born Russian who grew up and lived most of his life in New York City, was presented to the world in a coronation ceremony broadcast across Earth and the off-world colonies. In his first speech to the Russian people, in perfect Russian, Alexander IV called on the remaining pockets of Red and White Russian resistance to throw down their arms and join the rest of Russia in the reconstruction of their nation. Scattered guerilla forces, mostly Red front troops, continued resistance into the 2100’s.
2082- (Eastern Coalition)- The Republic of Sri Lanka officially rescinded all ties to the Eastern Coalition after 20 years of increasing relations between the island nation and the Commonwealth. Threats from China and its other EC allies to launch a full blockade against the island went unfulfilled as the Commonwealth and NATO moved to protect their new ally in the Far East.
(Commonwealth of Nations)- Commonwealth colonies on Alpha Centauri reach 1000 people as asteroid mining operations reached their peak efficiency for the 21st Century. From here on until the late 2090’s, mining operations would become largely isolated to the private sector. The DeBeers Corporation, world renowned for their diamond and gold mining operations in South Africa, would reach out into outer space and before long had opened mining operations in the Asteroid Belt, Mars, and the moon.
(United States)- Construction on the first space elevator began on Aguijan, an island several hundred miles north of Tinian in the Northern Marianas Islands. Initial investment in the LEO space elevator ranged in the billions of dollars and was managed mainly by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Management of the finished space elevator would be a joint NASA-USSC affair.
2083- (Vulcan Home World)- The BBC, CNN, New York Times, London Times, and Reuters all opened news bureaus on Embassy Row down the street from the Vulcan High Command to allow for ‘round the clock news coverage of off-world news events. The first major story that broke: The reopening of the P’Jem Monastery. News reports on the reopening of the P’Jem Monastery helped spark protests on Earth outside Vulcan embassies due to the now infamous reports about the Dessica massacre.
(East China Sea)- People’s Liberation Army-Air Force (PLAAF) J-12 fighters engage in aerial maneuvers with US Navy F-39 interceptors based off the USS Ronald Regan. The Regan was a veteran of combat in the East China Sea, having served with the 2nd Carrier Fleet based out of Tokyo Bay and Taipei during the Third World War. While no shots were fired between the two J-12’s and the four F-39’s, the aerial dog fighting maneuvers were a reminder to military planners in the west that the Eastern Coalition was once again a major player on the world stage.
2085- (Russian Empire)- The former Soviet break away republic of Belarus rejoined the reformed Russian Empire after nearly a century of a failing economy, environmental fallout from the Chernobyl disaster, and a disintegrating political scene which had devolved to party infighting and street violence during elections.
(Solar System)- The off-world population reached 25,000, with the largest settlements on the moon and Mars. Several asteroid colonies had reached nearly 1,000 settlers. Settlements in Alpha and Proxima Centauri were not included in the figures, but had reached into the thousands themselves.
(Eastern Coalition)- The PLAAF announced its first successful launch of a military space craft into LEO since the outbreak of World War III in 2051. The Chinese military vessel, named “Dragon’s Breath,” was simple in design, consisting only of a few older space capsules connected via docking tubes to one another and armed with only the simplest of rail guns and lasers, but showed its self to be enough of a threat to NATO and its far east allies that the USS Constitution was dispatched to LEO to watch the Dragon’s Breath’s every move.
By the end of the year, the Dragon’s Breath would be converted into the first of many orbiting space habitats for the PRC and its Eastern Coalition allies. Shipyards would soon follow.
2088- (African Union)- Representatives from all but five African nations, save the African Big Three, Egypt, and Libya, signed the African Union charter in Kinshasa, bringing an end to the individual nation-states of the African continent and giving birth to one of the major players on the world stage. Some of the first objectives of the AU were to begin laying the ground work for a unified transportation network, and the expansion of mining and oil drilling operations. Unfortunately for the AU, most profits from oil drilling would be short lived as fusion power and battery cell technology became more developed as the 22nd Century loomed.
(Saudi Arabia)- Representatives from Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Egypt, and Libya met in Riyadh to sign the United Arab League Charter, which formed a united trade bloc, a common currency, and laid the groundwork for the greater Arab state to be founded in under a decade’s time.
2090- (Iran) - Representatives from Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (recently released from allied control), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan met in Tehran to discuss the formation of a trade bloc to rival the newly formed United Arab League. The representatives decided on forming the Persian League, a trade and political bloc to prevent the spread of the United Arab League beyond its borders and to encourage the economic rehabilitation of the area.
2091- (Vulcan Home World) – The CIA opened a field office out of the US Embassy, just down the street from the Vulcan High Command and other alien embassies, including the Andorian and Tellarite Embassies. Within weeks, the field office had contacted the Andorian Embassy and had begun talks with the Andorians and others to purchase star maps and technologies, including the designs for warp 3 engines, energy shielding, and designs for basic phasers and anti-matter warheads. By the end of the decade, the designs for all technologies had been either sold to other NATO powers, or stolen by foreign intelligence organizations. The dissemination of these designs would prove to be the key to the rise of humanity as a major galactic power during the first half of the 22nd Century.
2092- (United States) – Analysts at the CIA headquarters at Langley, Virginia began looking into several archeological field reports translated and filed out of the field offices at the US Embassy on Vulcan that discussed a creature so violent that “not even a Klingon would dare battle it, for it is nay indestructible.” CIA Director Shannon Mallory ordered the field offices on Vulcan to begin sending out information gathering missions to the Zeta I Reticuli system where the archeological field report had originated from. For the time being, the species had been codenamed “Xenomorph.” The name would stick.
2093-5- (Worldwide) – The rising amount of carbon dioxide, increased development of urban areas in Europe and the United States, and the rising agricultural demands of the developing world coupled with an already damaged environment lead to the onset of a drought across much of Asia. The area greatest hit by the drought was Central Asia, which lead to greater crop failures and eventually starvation in the rural areas. The nations of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were hardest hit by the drought, which soon turned into an all out famine in 2094. By 2095, the nations of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kygerstan had all suffered severe drought and famine with little hope in sight for relief. Their only remaining options were to either petition the United Nations for large scale humanitarian relief, petition the Vulcans and other off world species, join the other two former Soviet Republic in the growing Central Asian Union, or petition the Neo-Russian Empire for aid. In the end, it was agreed that begging the Czar for aid was more agreeable than groveling before the United States or the Iranians.
2096- (Socialist Republic of Vietnam) – Rioting broke out in the business sector of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) after Hanoi announced additional crack downs on political dissent, free speech, and the two month closure of the national stock exchange. The rioters cited the precedent of the last 100 years worth of political and economic reforms as reason enough to begin freeing up controls over free speech and economic freedoms. When the government dispatched the Vietnam People’s Army in conjunction with riot forces of the People’s Police of Vietnam, cells of anti-government, pro-Colonel Green eco-terrorists began tossing Molotov Cocktails and fired AK-47’s and other vintage firearms into the police forces. Before long, the rioting spread far beyond the business district of Ho Chi Minh City and into the countryside.
By the end of the year, the entire southern portion of the nation had fallen to violence, which dragged portions of the border of Cambodia and southern Laos into the violence as well. In Ho Chi Minh City, the People’s Police of Vietnam and the government forces of the Vietnam People’s Army were driven out of the city by the angry mobs after weeks of open rioting. Similar events began to take place in Cambodia and in smaller settlements along the Laotian border. It appeared that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam had lost its grip on power in the south and a possible restructuring of the very system of government in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia was inevitable.
2097- (Neo-Russian Empire) – Czar Nicholas IV announced his full support for the reformers in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and declared in a formal statement to the world press that reforms were “necessary in our fast changing world.” And, furthermore, “Socialism in all its forms has been proven to be a failure, the sooner our brothers and sisters in the Far East can see this, the sooner we can move on as a civilization.”
In related events, the Russian Empire had three major events that marked its return to the world stage. The Czar officially announced the return of the Old Russian Imperial flag, instated by Czar Nicholas III in 1914 prior to the outbreak of World War I, a move which many have pointed to as the event which truly marked the return of the Russian Empire.
The second event was the Russian testing of a warp engine aboard the science vessel “Minsk.” The test of the crude warp 1 engine was successful, with the Minsk staying in FTL for nearly 80 seconds before dropping out of warp.
The final event was one which many in the diplomatic world had seen coming for two years. The nations of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kygerstan, Azerbaijan, and Georgia all dissolved their national borders and agreed to rejoin the Neo-Russian Empire. The nations had been facing economic collapse, large scale political corruption and popular dissent, military corruption, and starvation and all saw joining the reformed Russian Empire as favorable to an otherwise bleak existence.
With these three events, the Neo-Russian Empire emerged onto the world stage once more as a major player, equal to any in the east or west. By the end of the 21st Century, the Russians would be testing their own warp 2 engines, anti-matter warheads, energy shields, and phasers.
(United States) – Designs for the new USSC space battleships, the Constitution Class, began their lives on the drawing boards. Built around warp 4 engines and armed with the latest in mass drivers, phasers, anti-matter warheads, energy shielding, and hull plating, the Constitution Class would prove to be one of the most successful and longest lived, of all USSC designs. When launched in 2109, the USS Constellation would set off a space naval arms race akin to the one created by the launch of the HMS Dreadnaught 200 years prior.
Watch Star Trek get turned inside out! Non-Federation TL!
2098-2121: Part 1 of 4
2098- (The Americas) – In conjunction with the USAN, the United States and other Latin American nations signed off on the “Americas Defense Charter,” a defensive agreement which created a unified defense force for the Americas and a unified command structure. While the Americas Defense Charter, or ACS as it came to be known, was a step in the right direction according to many, it caused a backlash in the US Congress.
In response to the singing of the ACS, the Congress passed a bill which had been stagnating for nearly a decade which had been put forth by a group of congressmen from the Deep South, all of whom were well known to have been in the pockets of the defense industry for years. The bill authorized the creation of a new branch of the US Marine Corps to be called the “United States Colonial Marine Corps,” with a defined mission to “Protect and defend all off-world colonies of the United States of America in and out of the Sol System, all off-world American citizens, and serve as the ground forces of all American aero-space forces in the coming decades.” With this, the USCMC was formed.
(Saudi Arabia)- After a decade of planning, the United Arab League Charter was signed in Riyadh, and on April 1, 2098, the nations of from Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Egypt, and Libya all merged to form the United Arab League. With the natural and financial resources of the entire mid-east at hand, the United Arab League would prove to be a worthy adversary in the coming decades.
(South-East Asia)- The chaos caused by the second rise of the Earth Liberation Front and the phantom Colonel Green reached a boiling point as the ELF and its cohorts used the political and economic chaos in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia to launch a series of attacks against the world. Terrorist bombings, assassinations, electronic espionage, and guerilla attacks all became common place throughout South-East Asia. In Saigon, Hanoi, Phnom Penh, and Vietiane (Laos), ELF attacks coupled with a rising anti-government militia front turned the whole of the area into one large bleeding ulcer of the human race. Thai and Burmese government forces were used several times to crack down on anti-government dissidents, and several times Bangkok and Rangoon had been placed under martial law in order to stop the rising tide of dissent. However, in the nations of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, the anti-government dissent had just begun as total chaos spread throughout the nations.
Colonel Green also made his first official appearance in nearly 40 years from an undisclosed location in the South-East Asian highlands. While the eco-terrorism leader was well over the age of 70, he was still able to garner incredible support among the disenchanted masses. He proclaimed that, “First, we will bring the whole rotten structure of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia crashing to the Earth, from which we will build a new society, free from the corruption of the old. From our base here, will bring the whole world to heel, toss the alien influences off our precious home planet, and destroy the weak.” Following the speech, several car bombs were detonated in London, Berlin, Moscow, Tokyo, and Ottawa. The bombs killed hundreds and served the highlight Colonel Green’s point: Terrorism has returned and no one would be safe.
2099- (United States) – American industrial output for the first time since the late 20th Century surpassed the industrial output of the other three biggest competitors (the EU, Russia, and China) and put the United States back on top economically after nearly a century of decline. While American industry may have returned en masse, the focus was no longer on consumer goods and heavy industry; the focus had turned to space based industry, with asteroid mining and shipyards becoming the biggest contributors to the American industrial revival.
Coupled with the remarkable rise of American industrial output was the release of the designs on the warp 1 engine to Boeing, Northrop-Grumman, Weyland-Yutani, and several other American based multi-national conglomerates in the early 2090’s. With this, American corporations began to fully exploit the resources of outer space.
Interlude- Excerpt from, “The Fourth American Evangelical Revival and the Galactic Colonial Movement: 2063-2200,” Professor David Herman, Princeton University Press, 2372, New York.
Chapter 3: Xenophobia and Galactic Colonization Efforts
While most Americans and humans in general were, in general, quite happy with the initial first contact with the Vulcans, the growing anti-Vulcan movement that began directly after the infamous speech to the UN General Assembly less than a week after first contact, began to spread into a generalized anti-alien, highly xenophobic movement known as the “Fourth American Revival.” The fourth American revival movement had begun in earnest prior to first contact as a backlash against the brutal combat of the Third World War, disillusionment with the failures of technology to solve the problems of society, and the growing divide between the rich and poor on pre-contact Earth. All the movement needed was a catalyst to set events in motion. Ambassador Varel’s speech was just that catalyst.
Between 2063 and 2070, a movement among the evangelical churches in the Deep South and Midwest began picking up speed. Its hallmarks were almost neo-Luddite: Xenophobia, anti-technology, anti-big government, and the belief that it was the responsibility of every God fearing Christian to settle the Milky Way and spread the gospel to the heathens of the universe. They saw Cochrane’s warp flight not as a sign of human, and in turn American, technological progress, but as a gift from God and a sign that God had opened the door to the galaxy for humanity to purge the ungodly from it and bring all species of the galaxy to the glory of Jesus Christ.
The movement found its first victory in the New Jerusalem settlement on the Moon near the Sea of Tranquility. The New Jerusalem settlement was the first real off-world settlement constructed by a non-US, non-EU government, Israel. The Israelis had begun investments into space technologies ever since the founding of the state of Israel in 1947. Yet, they had not independently launched a space mission until 2040 and were forced to abandon their own independent space program until 2065. By 2070, the Israeli government had, somehow, scrounged up enough money to send a mission to the Moon. Five years later, the movement in Israel to begin the settlement of space had become so powerful that the government was forced to give in and invested nearly $10 billion in the construction and settlement of a moon base.
When New Jerusalem was opened in 2079 to civilian settlement after four years construction, thousands from all over the world poured to Israeli consulates to apply for a slot on the New Jerusalem settlement. A coalition of American evangelical groups were able to successfully petition the Israeli government one year later to allow for a private group of American Evangelical Christians to settle in New Jerusalem alongside the mostly Jewish settlers as well. Private fundraising also opened doors to settlement, allowing the lunar settlement to grow by leaps and bounds over its first 10 years of existence. By the end of the 2080’s, nearly 3,000 settlers were on the lunar surface, with thousands more preparing to make their way to the lunar settlements, Martian colonies, or any number of the dozens of settlements spread out from Venus out to the Oort Cloud.
By the time that the American population on Proxima Centauri reached 5,000 in 2095, the second phase of the Fourth Evangelical Revival had begun. A toehold had been made in space, and many began to see the reality of space being the true destiny of humanity. Sermons became less focused on Earthly sins and more on the sins of the “heathen Vulcans and their alien neighbors who resist the true voice of God.” The Deep South and rural Midwest became a hotbed of xenophobia and before long, anti-Vulcan movements had begun to spring up all over the nation. As the new century loomed, the Fourth Evangelical Revival found audiences all over the United States, Latin America, and the Neo-Russian Empire.
With the rise of widely available and generally inexpensive warp 1 capable engines during the first two decades of the 22nd Century, the movement to colonize the galaxy became larger and more prevalent. Soon, the larger organizational based colonization efforts became more congregational oriented. Colonial charters for settlements on Alpha Centauri, Tau Ceti, Ross 128, and other Class M star systems were readily available, with charters selling for as little as $10,000 for nearly continent sized claims. Already, settlements in the Alpha and Proxima Centauri systems sponsored by the United States and other governments were nearing the 10,000 mark and were rapidly rising as transportation off Earth became widely available with space elevators and the dissemination of SSTO technology.
By 2120, the Fourth Evangelical Revival had driven over 50,000 worldwide, mostly from the United States and the Neo-Russian Empire, off world. The common earmark of the so-called “Revival Settlement” was the lack of technology. Most revival settlements were known for their large use of horses, the horse drawn carriage, and the famed “log cabin” of the American western settlement four centuries before. Other, non-aligned religious settlements sprang up within the 40 light year “bubble” claimed as the “United Nations Galactic Settlement Mandate.” However, violations to colonial charters became more common as faster warp engines became available on the civilian market. Several religiously affiliated groups, mostly conservative Christian sects with a few exceptions, used modern technology to completely conquer non-warp species. None of the species were beyond medieval technology, yet the damage was done.
From 2120 until the outbreak of the Earth-Romulan War 30 years later, an additional 360,000 left Earth for revival settlements and other off world colonies as warp technology was disseminated among the nations of Earth. On the fringes of space, the Fourth Evangelical Revival brought the “good word” to non-contacted species, mostly non-warp capable, and mostly not much beyond the early modern era. By the time of the Earth-Romulan War, 410,000 had left Earth for religiously driven settlements. Government sponsored settlements were nearing 10 million off world due to financial incentives for moving off world. The Sol System was mostly claimed and was in the process of being settled, but outside of the core systems, the galaxy was still more or less considered the modern Wild West.
With the outbreak of the Earth-Romulan War in 2154, the Fourth Evangelical Revival had come to a crossroads: Should pastors move to support the war effort of the United Nations, or should they disassociate themselves from the conflict which threatened to engulf most of known space? Ironically, it would be this very split which would bring an end to the Fourth Evangelical Revival and mass support for revival settlements. In the United States, popular support for the Earth-Romulan War was unquestioned, it was an us versus them scenario and none wanted to see the outcome should the Romulans win. The loss of several revival settlements to the Romulans drove this point home, yet arguments still raged within the evangelical community.
Finally, in 2158, the long feared split in the evangelical community arrived. After the UN victory at the Battle of Hell’s Gate the year before and the continued offensive movement into Romulan space, debates in the UN were no longer over the course that the war should take. Rather, debates over the post-war future of the Romulan Star Empire took precedent and divided the UN down the center. One side, lead by the United States and NATO called for the total destruction of the Romulan Star Empire, including an invasion of the Romulan home world of Romulus, the installation of an interim occupation government and the long term goal of creating a democratic Romulan government before the year 2200. The other side, lead by China and its EC allies, called for similar demands up until the installation of a democratic government on Romulus. Much like the allied debates at the end of the Second World War over the future of Germany, China and the EC followed the mindset that the Romulans must be punished and permanently subdued. These debates also spilled out into the evangelical community, driving communities apart along both spiritual and political lines.
Between 2158 and the occupation of Romulus in 2160, the Fourth Evangelical Revival split down political lines, a schism that has yet to be healed today. One side favored NATO’s plans, believing that the Romulans were capable of being “saved.” The other believed that the Romulans and their other alien neighbors were godless heathens who had proven themselves unworthy of being saved. Split between xenophobic reactionaries and pro-alien diplomats, the Fourth Evangelical Revival’s remaining 40 years would be marked by an increase in public arguments over religious dogma, mostly over whether or not Earthly religions could be applied to non-humans. In the end, the xenophobic reactionaries would find themselves becoming marginalized as the decades pressed on.
By the turn of the 23rd Century, the Eastern Coalition had firmly clamped down on internal dissent and had mostly become a single large police state, political borders between the member states had become largely irrelevant, and military spending had risen over 500% compared to pre-2160 spending patterns. Among NATO member states, political arguments over border conflicts with the Klingon Empire, and continuing issues with “disappearing” deep space colonies in the Beta Quadrant linked to Xenomorph infestations had replaced spiritual debates on the political stage.
After 130 years of public religious debates, the Fourth Evangelical Revival was returned to the churches and homes of the voting public. However, the sharp political divide of pro and anti-alien factions among the American and international evangelical communities has continued right through to the modern day. Arguments over the future of pre-contact, non-warp capable species, and with contacted warp species have again taken on the language of religious dogma. Moreover, the over 60 million descendants of reform settlements and the billions of aliens living in societies still reeling from the influence of the Fourth Evangelical Revival have yet to find an answer to the continuing debates.
In the end, there is no true answer to the debates. The only meaning can be found in the knowledge that in some small way, the Fourth Evangelical Revival helped bring humanity to the stars, even if it was through religious debates.
2100- (Eastern Coalition)- The Chinese economy reached pre-Third World War levels of production and investment after 40 years of post-war reconstruction and rehabilitation. Unfortunately for China and its partners in the Eastern Coalition, while they were busy rebuilding their nations, the rest of the world had progressed in terms of technology and social standards. Chinese FTL tests would bear fruit within the next five years, due to what many believe to be espionage on the part of the Chinese government. However, much like its position in the world at the turn of the 21st Century, the Chinese found themselves in a catch up role, attempting to simultaneously draw in business capital from the west, while building up its infrastructure on the basis of a hydrocarbon economy.
(United States)- The first successful military AI, Genesis I, came online at Wright-Patterson AFB. Genesis I was placed in command of the 443rd Missile Defense Wing, an ABM system dating to the mid-21st Century and considered obsolete by the military brass, in an effort to test the AI’s effective level of command ability. In war drills lasting over a week, Genesis I was able to intercept and destroy well over 70% of the incoming dummy missiles, as well as 40% of the dummy aircraft targets. By the end of the decade, Genesis I would be followed by three additional AI systems, one for each branch of the military with the United States Space Command receiving the last AI.
(European Union)- Experiments into synthetics were successful with the activation of the first series of synthetics, the A-1 series, from the Hyperdyne Corporation. Hyperdyne had been contracted by the EU in the late 2070’s to design a combat oriented synthetic android for the combined EU military, but had only begun field tests for the military in the late 2090’s. The Hyperdyne A-1 Synthetic Humanoid Android, or the Hyperdyne A-1 synth for short, found an immediate niche in the civilian market. Corporations such as Boeing Aerospace and the Weyland-Yutani Corporation found uses for the Hyperdyne A-1 synths on long duration space missions, asteroid mining operations, and other space based applications. Before long, the Hyperdyne A-1 series would be followed by the Hyperdyne A-2 series, the best selling synthetic of all time.
2103-10- (Vulcan Confederation) – In the wake of human expansion into the galaxy, settlers in the Dessica and Deneva systems were evacuated as the number of humans residing in the systems rose steadily. While many in the Vulcan High Command saw pulling Vulcan settlers from the Andorian border as tantamount to treason, their reasoning became clear in the coming decades. The Earth settlements would be used as a buffer zone between Vulcan and the Andorians. By this time, human settlements embraced the Alpha Centauri, Wolf 359, Tau Ceti, and Wolf 359 systems, along with over a dozen revival settlements and other unaffiliated, private religious and political settlements.
Terran Foreign Affairs, 2103-2154 (Split into three parts: Asia, Europe, and the Americas)
Asia: Crisis, Conflict, and the demise of the South-East Asian nation-state
2106- Colonel Green, the founder and iconic leader of the infamous eco-terrorist group known as the ELF died of “natural” causes at an ELF training camp in rural Laos. A new leader emerged from under the shadow of Colonel Green. An Englishman by the name of Edmund Cameron, a known eco-terrorist on Scotland Yard’s most wanted list, one of Colonel Green’s closest advisors, and an ex-SAS counter-terrorist expert, emerged within weeks of Green’s death.
Cameron and senior leaders in the Earth Liberation Front changed the name of the organization to the “Terran Defense League,” the TDL. Along with the name change came a change of tactics, eco-terrorism and anti-government subversion was still a major part of the TDL agenda, but the very nature of the TDL changed from destroying modern society, to an anti-alien, pro-Earth and pro-human agenda.
Politically speaking, the group moved from the far left to the far right almost overnight. All former ELF sleeper cell leaders whose loyalty could be brought into question were liquidated under orders from Cameron himself. Within weeks, hundreds of former ELF sleeper cells were neutralized in over 100 nations around the world. Loyal TDL officers were dispatched and internal dissent within the group was squelched by violent measures.
2107- TDL backed anti-government militias successfully defeated the Eastern Coalition-backed Laotian government and its armed forces. The capital city of Vientiane itself was neutralized by TDL forces in country and operating in tangent with anti-government Laotian militias. After the capture of Vientiane, TDL forces liquidated all remaining political and military leaders, eliminating the last vestiges of the legitimate government. In the wake of the fall of Vientiane, Cameron and the TDL were invited by the Laotian militias, who now referred to themselves collectively as the “Popular Liberation Front,” to join with them in forming a coalition government, which Cameron and the TDL leadership took up. While the nations of the world, including the United States, immediately condemned the liquidation of the legitimate Laotian government and the installation of a coalition government of former anti-government militias and Cameron’s Terran Defense League, there was little that any one could do thanks to Laos’ landlocked status and its shared borders with Eastern Coalition members.
The Chinese government, in conjunction with the Cambodian military, launched several unsuccessful cross-border incursions into Laos in an attempt to wrest control of Laos from the coalition government. Both large-scale incursions were thrown back due to TDL involvement and the use of dirty nuclear weapons and biological warfare on Chinese and Cambodian cities near the Laotian border. By the end of the year, outbreaks of mutated strains of smallpox and malaria, together with irradiated water and food supplies, forced the two governments to contract back across their respective borders.
2108-14- Edmund Cameron and the Terran Defense League embarked on a campaign of terrorism and, through the use of disinformation, propaganda, and manipulating the popular media, sedition and civil unrest within the nations of South-East Asia. From their position in the Laotian capital, Cameron’s TDL sponsored successful anti-government militia movements in Cambodia through supplying the rebels with stockpiles of Cold War and early 21st Century munitions, including large numbers of vintage Soviet-era AK-47s, vintage T-54 and T-60 tanks, APC’s, and artillery pieces. TDL sponsored anti-government militias in Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam also gained traction as the organization funneled large numbers of small arms and explosives into the region.
By the time of the 2114 Phnom Penh Coup, the TLD had spread into other regions of the Far East, including the reconstituted eastern-most Indian provinces, the nations of Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Indonesia, and finally, the People’s Republic of China. Through clever use of nascent nationalist sentiments, the TDL was able to successfully incite civil unrest and anti-government militant movements in the Guanxi Autonomous Region, as well as additional militant nationalist/anti-government movements in Xinjiang-Uyghur and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regions, and the border zones in Yunnan Province.
With these movements garnering financial and material aid from the TDL, and having gained a large base of support amongst disillusioned anti-Beijing and pro-political reform groups around the nation, China was too occupied with its own internal strife to send anything more than token aid to its Vietnamese, Thai, and Burmese Eastern Coalition allies.
2115- Following the 2114 Phnom Penh Coup and the liquidation of the Cambodian government, the Popular Liberation Front/TDL coalition government in Laos and the newly installed Cambodian government, referred to as the Yak Loum government due to Yak Loum Lake in northeast Cambodia being where the militias first began, signed a treaty that ensured continuing economic cooperation, provided for the common defense of the two nations, and planned for the long term independence and cooperation of the two nations against Eastern Coalition/Chinese dominance. In private, Cameron and the TDL began putting together plans for the deposition of the Laotian coalition government and the Yak Loum government in Cambodia to pave the way for the TDL to take total control of the nations.
2109-2117: The TDL sponsored rebellion in South Vietnam over Hanoi’s economic and political crack-downs in the first decade of the 22nd Century spread quickly. By 2114, Saigon, Long Xuyen, Nha Trang, and Da Nang were all under TDL backed anti-government factional control. From 2114 to 2117, the central government lost the last vestiges of its power in the south due to the TDL-sponsored killings of provincial governors throughout the major metropolitan areas of South Vietnam. Replacements for them are all drawn from the ranks of the anti-government factions, or from the TDL forces in country. In 2115, the anti-government factions collectively pooled their resources, thanks in large part to TDL encouragement, and began referring to themselves as the “Saigon Democratic Front.”
2118: The Laotian government intervened in favor of the Saigon Democratic Front via threats aimed at the government in Hanoi of a TDL/Laotian military operation in South Vietnam to return the area to “peace and security” under the popular Saigon Democratic Front. Protests from Hanoi were weak and largely ineffective due to frequent daily militia attacks and terrorist activity in the capital city and other large cities in the north.
In July, the coalition government in Laos activated the defense pact with Cambodia and marched over the border into South Vietnam. A protectorate over the rebelling South Vietnamese provinces was declared, effectively granting the Saigon Democratic Front and South Vietnam de facto independence. Hanoi refused to acknowledge or recognize the independence of the south, but was too weakened by TDL-sponsored militia and terrorist activities throughout the larger cities of the north to send any armed forces south to attempt to reassert control.
2119: The Saigon Democratic Front and the remaining anti-government militias in South Vietnam formed a coalition government with the capital at Saigon. Cameron and the Terran Defense League leadership were pulling most of the strings thanks to their control over provincial governors and the leadership of several large, armed militias and political fronts throughout the south. The Laotian-Cambodian Defense and Economic Cooperation Treaty was formally extended to include the Saigon coalition government. Cameron and the TDL leaders in the meantime had created a two year timetable in preparation for political coups in Laos, Cambodia, and South Vietnam to assert direct control over the nations. For the next two years, terrorist activities, financial and material aid shipments, and TDL-sponsored Laotian and Cambodian cross-border incursions into Burma and eastern Thailand were common place, which drew the attention of the governments which they helped to install away from TDL preparations.
2121: After over 15 years worth of planning, Edmund Cameron’s Terran Defense League proved itself the tactical and strategic superior of Colonel Green’s Earth Liberation Front. In one of the most thoroughly planned and executed plots in modern history, Cameron and the TDL launched successful coups and secured control over the nations of Laos, Cambodia, and the de facto independent nation of South Vietnam.
Through the strategic placement of TDL-loyal individuals within the cabinets and military hierarchies of the three nations, Cameron was able to order the killings of every political leader, military general of suspicious loyalties, and civilian figures of questionable political leanings with a single series of orders issued via his lieutenants and subordinates. By 2121, most provincial governors, police force chiefs, and other necessary leadership roles within the nations were filled by either TDL operatives, TDL-loyal politicians, or were members of a TDL-controlled political movement in the past or present. Thus, after the liquidation orders were sent out, only a few key roles had to be filled by individuals hand picked by Cameron and his subordinates.
In essence, after 14 years of direct manipulation, and nearly 30 years of involvement in anti-government movements and political organizations in South-East Asia, stretching back to the leaders and instigators of the 2096 anti-government riots in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Burma, Edmund Cameron and the Terran Defense League were now masters of their domain.
While Cameron enjoyed a celebratory snifter of brandy and a long leaf Cuban cigar, TDL instigated secessionist movements in eastern and southern China shed the blood of thousands of PLA soldiers and civilians, anti-government militias in Thailand and Burma fought under the auspices of “national liberation” while their leaders and officers swore oaths of allegiance to the Terran Defense League, and the nations of Laos, Cambodia, and South Vietnam awoke the next day to find themselves looking down the street to find TDL flags flying, and TDL patches adorning the arms of their former militias. The nations of the world could do little to stop the carnage and bloodshed while Cameron threatened them with genetically engineered strains of smallpox, malaria, dysentery, Bubonic Plague, and nuclear weapons the ELF had purchased and stockpiled during the waning days of the Second Russian Civil War. As the United States sat in its self-imposed isolationism, the world looked on in horror as a tyrant and murderer sat atop a throne in the jungles of South-East Asia built atop the pain and suffering of millions, secure in the knowledge that no one, not even Europe, America, or Russia, would risk an all out war with the TDL, knowing all too well the certain fact that Cameron was three steps ahead of them and already had set up organizations in their countries.
The question was: Where would Cameron and the TDL go from here?
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An Excerpt from: Phoenix Rising: Britain, George VIII, and the United Commonwealth of Nations, Sir Thomas Haverton, St. Martin’s Griffin Press, London, New York, 2190.
Appendix A: “The United Commonwealth Speech,” delivered by His Majesty, King George VIII to the joint Houses of Parliament, June 11, 2130.
“I would like first to thank the Right Honorable Prime Minister, Andrew Thompson, for recognizing me and allowing me to address you, the joint houses of parliament, and the peoples of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. My friends, honorable elected representatives of the people of Great Britain, Lords Spiritual and Temporal, Peers of the Realm, and all citizens of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, it gives me great pleasure to stand before you today. Two hundred years ago, my great-great-great-grandfather, His Majesty King George VI, signed the Statute of Westminster, freeing the Dominions from any political connections to official parliamentary and royal declarations of war and alliance. That same year, the British Commonwealth of Nations was founded at the Ottawa Conference, the system of international brotherhood and fraternity that has kept the Dominions, former colonies, and the United Kingdom, along with the reigning monarch, connected by the bonds of a commonly shared past, common culture, a common heritage.
For two hundred years, Britain, her former colonies, and the dominions have retained these common bonds of fraternity. Through thick and thin, war and peace, prosperity and depression, we have remained true to the Commonwealth and to one another. There were times, not too long ago, when the Commonwealth was seen as nothing more than an arbitrary alliance of former colonies who were united by a common coincidence of British colonialism, a relic of an age of imperialism long passed and far beyond its usefulness. Seventy years ago, my grandfather, King William V, saw the first glimmer of the resurgence of the return of the Commonwealth following the Third World War. Since then, the human race has achieved faster-than-light travel, contacted alien species, and has undertaken the colonization of worlds both inside and outside our Solar System.
Alongside the other nations of Earth, the United Kingdom and the nations of the Commonwealth have basked in the technological revolution that has followed, as well as the economic prosperity that has been a hallmark of world affairs for the past seven decades. But, while Europe has succeeded in political unification, and our cousins across the Atlantic, the United States of America, have withdrawn into the protective shell of North America to focus on political reconciliation and the development of its off-world settlements, the world has grown more dangerous as time has gone on. The ongoing political and military crisis in the Far East is just the most prevalent example of the dangers of our times.
However, while the world has grown more dangerous, the old bonds of fraternity and brotherhood among the various nations of the Commonwealth have been restored and embraced. For the first time since the end of the Second World War, the citizens of the Commonwealth have come together, rich and poor alike, to seek safety and security among the family of the Commonwealth. Nations once divided by political or military differences have come together once more and joined their fellow brothers and sisters across the Commonwealth in embracing one another, lending one another aid in times of need, and giving each other shelter during the stormy winter that we find the world in today. We have, together, rebuilt southern India and continued in our collective efforts to restore the ecosystem of Central and Northern India to its pre-Third World War state. We have together sent missions to colonize such worlds as exist in the Alpha Centauri, Sirius, Tau Ceti, Ross 128, and dozens of other star systems many light-years distant.
The Commonwealth has been restored and remade by the efforts of all Commonwealth governments and citizens. We provide for the common defense of all Commonwealth nations equally and without prejudice. We bolster one another’s economy via the common markets established twenty years ago during times of great prosperity and maintained over two decades of crisis and doubt. We have embarked on the first steps towards the exploration of our universe as equal partners and with the knowledge of the failings and misguidings of our shared, common past. We are not individual nations with separate agendas anymore, we are one people, one Commonwealth, sharing in the responsibilities of governance for the common good.
It is with this knowledge and these facts that I stand before you today to call for the convening of the leaders of all members of the Commonwealth and their respective parliamentary leadership, to meet in London no later than the first of the New Year, to discuss the future of the Commonwealth. It is my sincere and deepest hope that on the agenda will be a long and fruitful discussion on the future political and military unification of the nations of the Commonwealth into a federated union based on the best interests and needs of all affected and involved. For too long, our individual needs have taken precedence. Today, here and now, it is time once more to come together as one Commonwealth to stand firm and resolute against the chaos and uncertainty that are the realities of our age.
This is our collective call to arms. Let the peoples and nations of the world hear our firm and resolute declaration: The Commonwealth lives once more! May God, in his righteous wisdom and glory, bless the peoples and nations of the Commonwealth of Nations and continue to shower us with his blessings of peace and prosperity for decades to come. Thank you and good night."
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The European Union-2103-2120: Politics and the Economics of Exo-colonialism
2103: The European Union, the end result of over a century of political and economic interdependency following a century of warfare and destruction of an unprecedented magnitude, entered the 22nd Century with an overwhelming attitude of optimism and hope for the coming century.
After Cochrane’s warp flight in 2063, the EU began drawing up plans for the predicted shift to a space-oriented world economy by the early-to-mid 22nd Century. By the turn of the century, the EU had already largely completed work on their first space elevator in French Guyana. Alongside their work on the French Guyana project, the European Space Agency (ESA) and other private entities were in the process of expanding European lunar claims out from the Grinaldi Crater and the surrounding Oceanus Procellarum on the lunar equator due to high concentrations of helium-3 deposits for first and second generation fusion generators. ESA missions in the asteroid belt had already proved a boon to the growing demands of the fledgling space construction industry and were providing the means to allow the construction of asteroid colonies. Finally, the EU was in the process of developing its exo-solar colonies in the Alpha Centauri system, as well as settler colonies in the Wolf 359, Ross 128, and Dessica systems.
From the time when the first settlers arrived on the lunar surface and continuing out, two problems always emerged in relations to European off-world colonies: The legal status of future residents born in the colonies, and the economics of space colonies and exo-colonialism. No modern European citizen who knew his or her basic historical facts from grade school would claim to want the EU and the ESA to follow in the footsteps of the European colonial powers of the 19th Century in contacting and colonizing the undeveloped peoples of the galaxy for a greater profit margin. Yet, the economic drain that exo-solar settlements put on the national budge via construction and defense costs demanded that some economic benefits be gained, even if only to break even with the initial investments.
However, between the years 2100 and 2120, nearly 20,000 civilians booked passage aboard privately and publicly owned, EU-flagged warp transports for the colonies. The dissemination of SSTO technology post-World War III had made travel to Earth orbit a routine event by 2100. Prior to the large-scale movements off-world referred to as the “Great Terran Migration” in the 22nd and first quarter of the 23rd Century, the idea of exo-solar colonial possessions and the status of the residents of the colonies had not been fully explored. As the lunar and trans-lunar settlements grew in size following the turn of the century, such questions became more common place and would soon emerge as one of the defining questions of the European exo-colonial settlement experience in the 22nd and 23rd Centuries.
2104-2110- Following the orders of Congress and the President, the American military’s overseas drawdown began to have an appreciable affect on Europe as well. American military bases not considered vital to NATO obligations began to close their doors, with control reverting back to the original nations. In Europe, American bases in Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands were returned to their original owners, now European Union members. By 2110, only a handful of American military bases, mostly administrative posts and jointly operated NATO efforts, remained open on the European continent.
2106-12- Gradual warming of relations between the European Union, the Neo-Russian Empire, and the United Arab League in an effort to secure the future safety and security of the greater Eurasian area as the United States continued its overseas withdrawal. European relations across the channel with the United Kingdom and the nations of the resurgent Commonwealth of Nations were cordial, but more distant than they had historically, owed in large part to the growing British ties overseas and their reconstruction efforts on the Indian Sub-Continent.
2110-13- The EU Parliament approved the design and construction of a new class of space cruiser/battleship to bring Europe into tactical parity with the United States following the launch of the USS Constitution, lead vessel of the Constitution Class Space Battleships (SBB). With a top speed of warp 2.5 and an effective range that extended to the Dessica and Deneva colonies, the planned answer to the American design, referred to as the Alexander Class Space Cruiser (CGS), would allow the European military the strategic flexibility to begin its own independent military operations and exercises as they could no longer fully rely on American support.
2114- Following eight years of ever growing relations, the European Union, the Neo-Russian Empire, and the United Arab League met in Berlin to discuss common defense of their three organizations in the face of the growing crisis in the Far East. What followed was the creation and signing of the Berlin Accords, a terrestrial defensive pact for the common defense against both Cameron and the TDL, and the Eastern Coalition. Due to UAL lobbying, the Persian League was included in the Berlin Accords as a junior member without any special access to current accords strategic planning sessions. A clause inserted into the Berlin Accords by the European Union representatives stated that all member states had to renew the treaty every five years or the treaty as a whole would be declared null and void. European NATO obligations remained a separate entity from the Berlin Accords.
2114- Prior to the signing of the Berlin Accords, the US and EU held the first yearly joint NATO military exercises against simulated TDL targets, along with joint military planning sessions.
2117- UAL, Russian, and Persian League observers attended the third annual NATO planning exercises and military summit located in Eastern Poland. Following the end of the exercises, the US ambassador to the EU voiced strong protests against the presence of foreign observers at sensitive NATO military exercises.
2115-20- Members of the EU Parliament began questioning their government’s formation of the Berlin Accords, considering the especially long and fruitful relationships of EU member states and the United States both in and out of NATO. While all agreed that good relations with their political neighbors was good and the efforts to diplomatically and military isolate the TDL and the Eastern Coalition were commendable, all agreed that EU NATO obligations far outweighed any obligations placed on the EU under the terms of the defensive arrangements of the Berlin Accords.
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Political Map: Earth 2120
Red=The Eastern Coalition of Nations/Eastern Coalition: People's Republic of China, Republic of Bangladesh, Kingdom of Thailand, Union of Myanmar (Union of Burma), Democratic Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Remnant of unified Vietnamese government based in Hanoi)
Sea Green= Neo-Russian Empire: Russian Federation, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Georgia, Republic of Armenia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Uzbekistan, Republic of Kyrgyzstan.
Dark Blue=European Union: Continental Europe, Ireland, and Turkey. Switzerland is excluded.
Medium Blue=United States of America
Light Blue=African Union: Continental Africa save the following independent alliances:
Commonwealth of Nations-Republic of South Africa, Republic of Nigeria, Republic of Kenya.
United Arab League=Great Socialist People's Republic of Libya, Arab Republic of Egypt.
Dark Red=United Arab League: Republic of Yemen, Sultanate of Oman, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, State of Qatar, Kingdom of Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Republic of Iraq, State of Kuweit, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Republic of Lebanon/Lebanese Republic, Arab Republic of Egypt, Great Socialist People's Republic of Libya.
Forest Green= Union of South American Nations: Republic of Chile, Argentine Republic, Eastern Republic of Uruguay, Republic of Paraguay, Republic of Bolivia, Federative Republic of Brazil, Republic of Peru, Republic of Ecuador, Republic of Colombia, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Co-Operative Republic of Guyana, Republic of Suriname.
Dark Green= Persian League: Republic of Iran, Turkmenistan, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Republic of Tajikstan, Reconstructed Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Pink= Commonwealth of Nations (Pre-2130): United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, Republic of India (South), Republic of India (Eastern enclave unconnected with the southern Indian government in Pondicherry), Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Republic of Kenya, Republic of South Africa, Republic of Nigeria.
Dark Purple= United Republic of Korea
Purple= Terran Defense League (Solid bloc of territory equates with direct TDL control): Revolutionary People's Republic of Laos, Yak Loum Republic (Cambodia), Independent Republic of South Vietnam. [Note: The Governments of the Revolutionary People's Republic of Laos, the Yak Loum Republic, and the Independent Republic of South Vietnam have all been liquidated as of 2119 under orders by Edmund Cameron, the leader of the Terran Defense League and de facto dictator/warlord of the three former nations.]
Speckled Purple= TDL-Sponsored anti-government/pro-secessionist movements:
South-East Asia-Citizens for a free Thailand, Siam Liberation Front (Thailand), the Sao Shwe Thaik League, National League for Democracy, Burmese Liberation Front (Burma).
People's Republic of China- Kunming Democratic Front, Yunling Heavenly Dragon (Yunnan Province).
Song Dynasty Movement, Jintian Uprising League (Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region).
Citizens for a Free Tibet, Alliance to Restore the Dali Lama, Mount Everest Militia (Tibet Autonomous Region).
East Turkestan Islamic Movement, Sinkiang Liberation Front, Uyghuristan Citizen's Movement, Xinjiang League (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region).
Jiayuguan Student's Movement, Gansu Mongol League (Gansu Province).
Inner Mongolian People's Party, Southern Mongolian Freedom Federation, Revolutionary Mongolian Association, Democratic Mongolia Front (Inner Mongolia/Ningxia Autonomous Regions).
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This section of the TL by Demosthenes
A look ahead:
Excerpt of the 2352 political work, "How Earth Politics shaped the Romulan War" by Professor Smite
The United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly took a prime, and sometimes not understood role in Post-Romulan War politics. However, the politics of the time was shaped not after the war ended, but years before. In 2154, at the outbreak of war, the world seem united on a goal for the first time. The off-year elections for Congress in the United States at the time showed the people's wide support for war. Pro-war Senators and Representatives were re-elected, with only one Pro-war member of Congress losing their seat (by a razer thin vote of only 700 votes for the other candidate). The President at the time had his approval ratings go from 48% approval in 2153 to 52% in 2154 and 59% in 2155 (He was re-elected the next year).
With popular support for the war, it came to the United Nations and its Security Council to handle the top Commanding officers and Admirals in the battles. Debates started in 2155 April about whether or not to try to conclude peace with the Romulans. The idea was quickly shot down, but managed to return every few sessions or so all the way until late 2156. On December 10 in that year, the session opened with a note from an Officer of his group being forced to retreat. The next day, a battle defeat with only one damaged ship able to return shocked many in the chamber.
Almost immediately, debate began by members of mixed delegations proposing methods of ending the war or changing its purpose. In Summer of '57, a serious proposal was on the table to organize a conference for peace with the Romulans. However, the Eastern Coalition with the support of the African Union and Mexico was able to get it postponed until the next regular session in November.
However, a sudden event forced the Assembly to convene weeks earlier. On October 23, 2157, the Battle of Hell's Gate ended with a major Earth victory. When the official news was read on Oct. 24 in the General Assembly, everyone cheered and applauded the announcement as if the battle officer was in the chamber with them. With this, the planned debate on a peace conference for the November session vanished. All delegations were sent home that day with an informal message from the Secretary-General (off-camera as recorded in a journal), "Soon we'll be discussing post-war Romulus. Get your instructions for a possible debate about that soon."
The United States Senate in November then recommended to the President, "Instructions to our ambassadors to get an invasion of the Romulan homeworld and the eventually occupation thereof". The President had to discuss this with his Cabinet which eventually led him to believe that Romulus should be under NATO control. On December 2, the Eastern Coalition in a meeting of the leaders of each of its members' countries (the first since 2155), it was decided that they would take the position that it should be under EC control. And thus began the political battle over both Romulus and its sister systems, before the war even came to an end.
A special session was called for on March 3, 2158 by the retiring Seceretary-General of the GA, three days before the regular session opened. Just prior to the session, EC and NATO negotiators agreed on a female candidate from the African Union to serve as the new Secretary-General. She was elected in near unanimity, only the Arab League voted against her. She planned for the March 6 regular session to be the beginning of the debate over the Romulan systems. However it was delayed by a month by requests from Canada and the United States to delay events because of the death in office of the Canadian Prime Minister.
So, on April 3, 2158, the "organized chaos" (statement of French UN Envoy in '58 Fall) began. It started with a simple resolution by the EU, co-sponsored by Mexico and Switerland. It very simply assigned the matter of 'Post-War Romulus and her Territrories' to the Security Council. However, the Eastern Coalition demanded that it be reviewed by the General Assembly, afraid they would lose their grip on the matter at the more pro-west Security Council. Throughout the week, debate ensued. On April 6, the African Union and Persian League endorsed the resolution. On the same day though, six NATO states backed off, wanting the debate in the GA. After an evening of internal NATO talks, it was decided that the resolution would be dropped. It was therefore withdrawn.
On April 12, the Eastern Coalition presented their preliminary bill, that assigned a subcommittee of the GA to have six months to make a plan. This seemed alright with most members, as it provided for a large 21-member committee. It passed by voice vote the next day. The committee had reps from each bloc, with the largest two being the 5 representatives from NATO and the 5 from the EC. The Committee began its work on May 1 with a private meeting. Throughout the summer, it called private testimony of some sixty historical and cultural experts including seven Vulcan politicos who knew the history of the Romulans. On September 26, 2158, the subcommittee came out with their plan, which had been agreed to by 18 members and voted down by 3.
The Subcommittee Plan was as follows: That Romulus be under joint NATO-EC Control, and putting the planet Remus under control of the UN Security Council. Core Romulan systems would be controlled by the Trusteship Council, with other systems being divided among the Alpha Quadrant members and other Earth entities. The day after the plan was made, the NATO states immediately put forth an amendment that would change the plan to give NATO sole control over key Romulan systems such as the Tomed System. Throughout September 28 and October 11 debate ensued. It seemed to be an effort to get the African Union to support the plan as well as the Persian League.
The vote was planned on October 12 at 9:15 in the morning. However, just five minutes prior, during roll call of members, the Persian League introduced a resolution that would require regular sessions of the General Assembly to be from March to September. This would change the system set in place in 2143 and only changed slightly in 2146. After two days of debate, mostly between the United States and the Persian League, the resolution was adopted. It passed with the only no vote being from Honduras and Japan's abstention. Therefore, as required by the new rule, the session adjourned until March 2159. For the rest of October and the other four months prior to the next session, behind the scenes poitical action increased tenfold.
NATO held three meetings on the matter, the third where they finally agreed upon a proposal all NATO would support. It would put Remus on track for indpendance and it supported placing major Romulan systems, save Romulus, under Trusteeship Control. After their third meeting in late December, they dispatched American Senator Ricol (R-FL; elected in 2148) to be the head of pushing their plan with all groups in the UN save for the Eastern Coalition. Meanwhile, the Eastern Coalition in their meeting decided as well to change the plan to remove Security Council control over Remus, but wanted it occupied with forces, and under a joint NATO-EC authority. They would also push to keep all Romulan space either part of a UN body like the Trusteeship Council, or under their control, none to become independant.
In November however, the Americans faced a midterm election. The Republican Party supported a tough plan for the Romulan systems, and against Remus independance, while the Democrats were in favor of possibly allowing that to happen. 5 Senate seats were won by the GOP to continue their lead in the body to the amount of 58-42. Also, they gained 11 seats in the House, increasing their majority there to 238. (Despite a Democratic Presidency since 2142, Congress in that year grew to a Republican majority; it was broken in the next election.)
Other important events occured throughout the four-month recess. In January and late February, (respectively), both the Persian League and the African Union got together to support their own plan, which would eventually prevail. They together decided that while Romulus would be under NATO-EC control, and most systems would be under NATO or EC control, those systems would be watched over by the Trusteeship Council. However, they were stuck on the issue of Remus independance. The UN though, continued regardless of the absense of the GA. The Security Council held nine private war meetings between October and March 2159. They continued to get good war news throughout the winter, and proposal to create a position of a top commander of the entire space army was dropped, for the time being. (The African League wanted such a position at the start of the war, but no good candidate could be agreed on, so it was dropped just four months after the war started.
On March 3, 2159, the Secretary-General called the session into order. The very first action of the day was the withdrawl of the NATO amendment to the Subcommittee plan that would put the Tomed System under complete NATO control. Right after that, a representative of the Commenwealth stood up saying that putting Remus under Security Council control would not be a good idea, as that committee had no expierence in such affairs. Only the Trusteeship Council had such knowledge and skills. The Commenwealth then put forth an amendment that would place Remus under direct control over by the Trusteeship Council. Russia immediately seconded it, which was a move requiring a vote by the end of the day. After eighty minutes of brief debate, the "Council Amendment" as it is known by was voted on by thus: (24-4-0)
Aye: Eastern Coaltition, United States of America, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras, Nicaragua, Belize, Cuba, Domincan Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Switzerland, Israel, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Phillipines, Maylasia, Neo-Russian Empire; European Union; African Union, Union of South American Nations, Commenwealth of Nations
Nea: United Arab League, Persian League, United Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Nepal
Absentitions: None (all other nations were not present for the vote)
While it was approved as the first measure in a long time of close unanimity, it was far from the end of the debate. After a day of rest, on the fifth of the month, the Eastern Coalition was first to be recognized and introduced a plan similar to the current one, but different in some respects. Its differences were: 1) Romulan occupation would not be jointly administered, but rather one side of the planet would be NATO and the other side EC. 2) Once both Romulan sides were given independance, they could petition the Trusteeship Council to have some of their old planets back and 3) Any new constitution for the systems would require approval of the General Assembly.
The nations of Honduras, Haiti, and Mexico all applauded some aspects of the plan. On the sixth of the month, NATO sumbitted their plan which was the one in the end that was mostly agreed to. The planet of Romulus would be 'jointly occupied', the planet of Remus would be 'jointly occupied' and would have the right to become independant eventually, any alliances between earlier Romulan planets would have to be approved by the Trusteeship Council, and any constitution for independance would have to contain safeguards for civil rights. The Eastern Coalition immediately rose and said that they wished to amend their own plan to have an "Earth Veto" over all decisions in the formerly occupied areas, independant or not, until 2190. The Sec-Gen allowed them to change their own plan and thus, two plans were on the table.
The United States, the Union of South American States, Jamaica and Israel all asked that the chamber recess for a month to get instructions from their respective governments. When the chamber reconvened in April 2159, the Eastern Coalition had no real political allies for its plan. However, the luck for NATO was not much better as many nations struggled with both plans. The debates then ensued; three sessions for eight hours, every month between April and September. At the end of the September 1 session, a vote without any amendments to the EC plan was scheduled. The ayes were 2 (EC and Honduras) to the neas of 25, with the Union of South American Nations abstaining.
They then adjourned, with still no real resolution on the issue of post-war occupation and governance. The United States then made their Ambassador to the EU, Roger Jox (appointed 2156) the head of pushing for an agreeable compromise between the EC and NATO states. The President believed that if Jox could get the two to agree on a joint plan, the rest of the world would follow. He was right in some respects, when the war started, it was only with both EC and US (+EU) support that got the world to agree on a joint army to fight the Romulans instead of fractured ones.
At the Battle at Hell's Gate, one of the main command ships had a communications officer from Israel, serving with a security officer from the Persian League and a Commander from Canada. As history shows us, the President's plan would prove successful in most regards.
Rox decided to talk to the EC through a good friend of his from the nation, who had risen to their Second Deputy Foriegn Dignitary, Joseph Ratis (ray-tis). Rox and Ratis first met in London in late October. They met once a week, but their meetings became nearly four times a week by the end of the year as they reached agreements. On December 27, they finally agreed to a full plan and said they would get their respective nations to agree to it. But the day before final changes could be made, Ratis was recalled from London to help the EC with a situation.
The Security Council had announced that no EC-commander would ever rise to the new rank of Fleet Lieuteant or Fleet Admiral (like 2 and 3 star generals as 1 star would be like the captains of each ship). It would be eventually resolved at a January '60 special session in which it was agreed that such a bar was unnesscary. However, it still delayed a final arrangement.
Besides this, Rox decided to sumbit the draft to the President on February 3. The President liked the idea and sent it to the Senate two days later where it was passed by voice vote in a closed session. Rox was finally able to meet Ratis, (newly appointed as the First Deputy Dignitary) just five days before the new session. They finalized the proposal, and Rox got the changed plan passed within a day, while Ratis had to pursuade the Coalition Executive Council to pass it, which they did, only eight hours before the session began.
And so, on March 2, 2160, just over a year before the end of the war, Rox and Ratis stood at the Speaker's podium and interchanged speaking for different parts of the plan. The plan, known as the Rox-Ratis Plan as follows: 1) Occupation over Romulus would be seperate with two sides with each for the EC and the other for NATO affiliates; 2) Remus would be jointly occupied under two Governors, one from each side and it would be given the chance to be independant by the end of the next decade; 3) Romulus could engage in making alliances, but until 2169, it would have to be agreed to by the General Assembly, otherwise it would be agreed to by the Trusteeship Council afterward; 3) the Trusteeship Council would have jurisdiction over all other Romulan Space systems but NATO and the EC (along with one planet with NATO joint control with the African Union) would have main occupation status and control over different planets. The Commenwealth would also get control over some areas as would other Earth nations. The plan 4) rejected the idea over a UN GA or Security Council veto of occupied zone decisions.
On March 5, the debate over the RR Plan began with Honduras and Israel critizing the idea of making the planets fully independant again. On March 7, the Secretary-General resigned her post and a South American took de facto control until April 2 when the AU Sec-Gen came back. On April 4, after countless hours of debating, an amendment by Honduras and Taiwan to allow an Earth veto was rejected by a 25-3 vote. Another amendment that day to allow Earth occupation over Remus and Romulus until 2195 was rejected by a 26-3 vote. A final recess then took place to allow nations to decide if the RR plan was formally the plan that they would endorse. On June 8, during the recess, Rox was elected a member of the US House of Reps in a special election; on June 12, Ratis was made the Chief Foriegn Dignitary on behalf of the EC to other nations. He turned down an offer that day to become an Ambassador to Vulcan.
On September 3, after a final day of disucssion after the recess ended, the session took a roll call vote on the RR Plan. 23 million watched live on television as the vote began, with the number going to 144 million after the vote had taken twenty minutes. After thirty-seven minutes of roll call, in which each nation had a short speech on its vote, the African Union voted in favor pushing the plan "over the top". It took over two hours for the full vote to be taken. In the end, all 29 nations that were present, voted in favor of the plan.
On October 25, the Security Council unanimously endorsed the plan. On the same day, as the final battles approached over Remus and Romulus (taking place between November 2160 and April 2161), they appointed three important positions. Henry Walker, an American as the (4-star level) Fleet General Admiral, who would lead the Remus attack fleet; Baker Jennson, a Canadian (4-star) as Fleet General Admiral, who would lead one of the two fleet attacks on Romulus; and Yishuc Scein, a (Chinese) Eastern Coalition army leader who was made as the (5-star level) Fleet Commanding Admiral, the highest rank. Scien was replaced by Geris (another ECer) on December 6, and again replaced by Franks (British) in mid-February.
*Noting as follows: Walker would become Vice President under a Democratic presidency in 2164, Johnson would become the Canadian Minister of Defense after the war all the way until 2172, Scien would become a member of the EC Executive Council in 2163, Geris would also be put on the council a day after Scien, and Franks would become a member of the EU Cabinent from 2164 to 2167.
After victory in the war, on April 10, the Security Council adopted a protocol allowing the Secretary-General to appoint occupation governing officers and order troops to execute the post-occupation plan as defined under the RR plan. On April 12, all postions were filled, with Ratis being made a member of the Occupation Legislative Council of Remus until he died in 2166. The war over the politics of Romulus and the war over Romulus and Remus itself may have ended, but in the long haul of events, the fate of the local space of Sol has just begun. From the Battle at Hell's Gate, to the appointment of a commander-in-chief only weeks before the final battles took place, we have covered the most important ways that Earth Politics shaped the Romulan War.
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Insignias and Flags by Berenthor
Patches of the Royal Space Command Admiralty, Royal Space Marines, and Royal Space Navy circa 2132.
First Flag of the United Commonwealth of Nations-2133 (As agreed upon by the representatives of the nations of the Commonwealth at the Victoria (B.C., Canada) Summit and the subsequent Victoria Treaty and Declaration in November, 2132).
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Insignia by Berenthor
(Royal Space Marines)
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(Royal Space Navy)
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Flag by Berenthor
(United Commonwealth Flag circa 2133)
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Insignia by Berenthor
United States Space Command-As established by the act of Congress entitled, "The United States Outer Space Military Defense and Deterrence Act of 2062," inherited from the original United States Space Command established in 1985 by President Regan and merged into United States Strategic Command in 2002 by President George W. Bush.
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Flag by Berenthor
People's Liberation Army Space Force: (Simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军太空军; Pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Tàikōngjūn) The space branch of the Chinese People's Liberation Army established by direct orders from the Central Military Commission in cooperation with the People's Congress and the Politburo in 2068. Consolidation of the orbital weapons branch of the Second Artillery Corps (strategic nuclear and missile force), the space defense branch of the People's Liberation Army Air Force, and the orbital and space weapons development branches of the PLAAF and the Second Artillery Corps.
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(People's Liberation Army Space Forces roundel 2068-2200)
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Flag by Berenthor
Neo-Russian Empire-Flag design approved by the State Duma and the Imperial Federation Council and made the official flag of the Neo-Russian Empire in 2080. Flag details incorporate the designs from the previous Russian Federation flag, as well as the former seal of the President of the Russian Federation.
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