Originally Posted by b12ox
As soon as they leave, the things start rolling their own way. The presence albeit brief of allied troops may have made german desperation even more desparate.A good german is a devided german.
That would be the French argument and if you see Germany as the final ultimate enemy it makes sense.
The problem is once you chop them up into Saxony, Bavaria, Hess, and how ever many other small states you have crerated a massive power vacuum in a region with lots of small, unstable, fiercely nationalistic states. The result is very likely to be the balkanization of central and eastern Europe. Given all their conflicting territorial claims and no single dominant power in the region the almost certain guarantee is going to be a long series of brush wars.
In addition when the Soviet Union eventaully recovers from its civil war it is going to start eyeing all these tiny little countries on its western border and start to drool. The same British and French governments who were unwilling to go to war to defend Austria or Czechoslovakia from Hitler are going to be even less willing to start a war over Finland, Poland, Lithuania, or Prussia. You are pretty much inviting the USSR to completely dominate eastern and central Europe. It's the reason why Iraq was not carved up. Because if you did that Iran would become too powerful in the region.
There is also the matter of reparations. Tear up Germany and all the successor states are much poorer and less able to pay them. A dozen weak poor countries can't afford to pay what one large rich country can. If you destroy Germany you don't have anyone to collect from. Or at least you can't hope to collect near as much.