With a new forum menas new Draka posts from me . The Draka books are very good sceince fiction We all love to hate or hate to love the draka but the draka timeline is very improbable so heres a more realistic stab at it with less impossibilities than stirlings.
Colonization to the american revolution
1651-The south african cape is discovered by the dutch
1652-Cape colony established as a settler colony where the local natives are enslaved and slaves brought in from west africa when slave raids aren't enough.
1653-the dutch throw the spanish out of modern day belgium and luxemberg
-the city of mulweeno(OTL's New Orleans) founded by the french and esblished as the capitol of louisiana-hashish and cannibis are introduced to british north america by a british soldier who served as a mercenary in tripoli for 10 years
1654-1779-Minority protestent groups and the french hugenors escape persecution by fleeing to the Dutch Cape Colony and other destinations. Dutch Cape Colony population enlarges quickly, and becomes a major stopping point for British, French and Dutch ships traveling between Europe and India, the East Indies, China and the Japans. The Dutch maintain a reputation as fair yet shrewd traders, but only a relative handful of pioneers relocate to the Cape Colony as colonists; most are there to make a fortune at trade and then return home. By the time of British occupation, Dutch population is almost 40,000 with almost 60,000 slaves working slave plantations. The Cape colony is a dumping ground for undesriables and convicts. In contrast most of the Spanish Sephardic Jews and other minorites go to british north america intead.
1654: The capable administrator but bigot Peter Stuyvesant denies admission to New Amsterdam to 56 radical calvinists. The Directors of the Dutch West India Company condemns Stuyvesant but suggest the calvinists go to Cape Town instead. The East India Company is trying to build up Cape Town, and isn't picky about who settles there at the moment if they're convicts or revolutionaries. The die is cast, making the southern tip of Africa a combination of dumping ground for undesirables and burgeoning trading stop for the next 130 years.
1654-1778-hardcore calvinists and english fundamentalists go to british canada or cape colony instead of british north america.
1700-Cannibis and hashish are introduced to british north america
1729: Danish East India Company chartered.
1760: French ousted from India. George III is King of England.
1762-french give up canada and the ohio river valley to the british. Britian gives belize to spain in exchange for britian getting spanish florida.
1763: Proclamation Line of 1763 sets boundaries of 13 original British colonies east of the Appalachians
1776-The United States of North America declares independence from britain
-when shipments of gunpowder in bermuda and the bahamas meant to aid the rebels are discovered which causes the british to punish the locals which sparks rebellion.
1783-Treaty of parits grans the USNA the 15 colonies that revolted and jamaica and all signatories are to recognize the USNA
1786–95: Rapid growth of Drakian economy and population, export trades established in raw materials (diamonds, gold, copper, sugar, wool, salt, hides, ivory) and slaves. Growth of Drakian shipping, expansion of several British shipbuilding concerns to Drakia as a stop in itself or on the route to India and beyond. External slave trade exists but is dwarfed by imports for internal usage. Even so, British disapproval of slave trading and slavery begins to mount. The dwindling Drakian popular disapproval of use of slaves takes on character of "loyal opposition" in face of perceived inability to function economically without them. Colonial government establishes Transportation Directorate to centrally plan and manage building of roads to mines and interior settlements, first ownership of slaves by a modern government entity. Drakians elide "Cape Town" to "Capetown."
-America quickly finds problems with the Articles of Confederation, and there is little internal debate as a Constitution is adopted. It includes a Bill of Rights, and one portion that carefully explains the duties of citizens to contribute to the common defense by militia or naval service. Congress lavishly funds West Point as an educational and training institute for military officers, with an emphasis on engineering, artillery and leadership, and Annapolis to a similar extent for the officers of a small standing professional navy. A very small standing army is authorized, almost entirely posted to frontier forts, with call-up of the large state militias only by approval of Congress and the individual states, although state and territorial governors can call on the militia for local emergencies. The chief use of horses is for fast movement in battle which results a strong cavalry in the American armed forces. To address the problem of religious pacifism, the Quaker Legions are formed. These do non-combatant duties or public works (some regular militia do these as well) under the direction of engineers. A monetary exemption, deliberately set high at 1/2 the annual pay of a hired farm laborer, is also put in place for those medically unable to train; this becomes a refuge for rich men who don't want to dirty their hands or even become part-time officers. But the relatively low demands on the time of those who do serve let nearly every free man vote. Compromise on representation results in voting being reserved only to male war veterans and current militia members, but there is a growing list of exemptions. Census every 10 years mandated for reapportionment of Representatives, based on total male population over 18, excluding "slaves and other bondservants," which is only proportional to who can vote before immigration becomes a factor. Monthly militia training days often become community holidays, as families come out to the field to watch. After several disastrous losses to Indians in the Northwest Territory (Ohio), the appointment of militia officers is by a panel of Army officers from a pool of local candidates ("the Captains' Walk"), instead of as a local political perk.
-a policy of giving indians citizenship and assimilating them is instead of expelling them is adopted
1787: Final 3 states ratify USNA Constitution. The state (i.e. national ceremonial) flag of the United States becomes 16 small gold stars in a horseshoe pattern surrounding a white scroll reading "We the People", with the white caption "1776 Independence" below, on a field of blue bordered on left and right by vertical red and white bars. The "Star and Stripes" battle (and civil) flag drops the complicated imagery, and has just a single large gold 5-pointed star in the middle of a blue field, between red and white bars. Both flags are in 5:8 proportions, 1/4 width red and white bars. The heraldic symbolism of red (war) being closer to the hoist than white (peace) is unintentional but prophetic.
-Vermont is given statehood in a backroom deal which ensure the ratitication of the consitution by it.
-Ceylon taken by british and put under Drakian governance
-the system for elections is made as a proportional representation
1788: Colonel Freiherr Augustus von Shrakenberg retires, receives 20,000 acre land grant under Maluti Mountains, South Interior province (Lesotho). He marries Alexandra Hugeson, of a New Jersey Loyalist family
1791: Castle Tarleton built overlooking York (Pretoria, South Africa); initially a border fortress, later headquarters of the War Directorate Supreme Staff. Island of Zanzibar seized as trading outpost and stopping point on coastal route to India. Free population exceeds 150,000 and slave population nears 600,000.
-A year and a day after buying it from New York, the Erie Triangle is sold by the federal government to Pennsylvania for $1, to give it access to Lake Erie. District of Columbia established as a federal territory from parts of Virginia and Maryland.
1792: Universities of Capetown, Virconium, and York founded. Anglican bishoprics established in Capetown and Virconium. Local freeman militia puts down first serious slave revolt in Drakia. Angus McGregor patents improved ("cylindro-conic") rifle bullet.
-Toussaint L'Ouverture begins leading free blacks and slaves in slave uprisings and war against French and British on island of Hispaniola (Haiti and Saint-Domingue).
-Denmark abolishes slave trade, but not slavery. This has little effect, as the Danish East India Company is a late-starting minor player in India.
-Kentucky split from western Virginia, and admitted as a state; one star placed in white bar of USNA state flag.
1794: Richard Trevithick arrives from Cornwall to work as the steam engine supervisor for a mine near Whiteridge.
-First use of a tethered balloon for battlefield observation.
1799–1802: First local industries (iron-works, machine shops) started in Drakia as the French wars render imports uncertain. Cotton becomes a major crop. Several thousand more French Royalists immigrate to Drakia. Militia Act establishes peacetime conscription, mandatory yearly training, and reserve service to age 50.
1800-a desperate russia in exchange for britian's aid against napoleon sells all of russian north america to britian
-Napoleon renames the louisina territory Napoleona
-Black republics of Cuba,Santo domingo and haiti set up after revolts
1801-High-pressure steam engine perfected by Trevithick.
1805-a plan is established where the drakian government is chosen from the colonial assembly.
-landholder guilds set up
-Brotherhood of the lash formed
1807-The economies of scale and financial support by Drakian landholder councils, along with the standards set by the Brotherhood of the Lash, encourage the aggregation of small industrial concerns into the first Combines. The Ferrous Metals Combine and others soon become the most efficient way of supplying the standardized demand, in large quantities, of the various settler plantations, government directorates and powerful AM&M Company.
1808: First steam "drags" (road engines towing wagons) and ocean-going steamships.
-Cuba conquered by USNA after fears of slave revolts are spread
1808–11: US Army Engineer Corps detachments sent out with Army escort to survey the Louisiana Purchase and inform the natives of their new status. Several encroachments by the British are discovered, most noticeably several forts on the west shores of some Great Lakes. These, and impressment of American sailors by the British Navy, lead to the "War of 1812".
-The various native kingdoms of madagasca are conquered by british drakia
1809: Illinois Territory split off from Indiana Territory. This will later become the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota.
1810: Drakian capital moved from Capetown to Archona, at request of the Colonial Assembly and the first "native" Governor.
-Portugal accepts reality of Drakian encroachment on their colonies, and a substantial payment in gold and diamonds from Drakia, and hands over control of their colonies.
-the US now claims the Oregon Country (Oregon and Washington) from Britain, and some areas around the 49th parallel. Along with the continuing unresolved claims for the northern borders of the New England states and New York, and the discovery of several British forts in Illinois Territory, tension is increasing with Canada and Britain.
1811–14: War of 1812. American militia led by professional officers invade British North America in a lighning campaign(Canada), with engineers from West Point in support to build field fortifications and rebuild captured forts. American naval forces maintain supply lines across the Great Lakes, and win several stunning victories in Lake Erie, but in the open sea are less successful against the experienced Royal Navy. In open-field battles, Americans separate British and Indian forces by using woodsmen and snipers to consistently lure Indians into massed rifle and cannon fire, and then defeat them in detail, leaving the British troops at a significant disadvantage. British naval blockade results in start of American emphasis on industrial self-sufficiency and expansion of New England manufacturing, genesis of interchangeable parts in assembly of rifles. British raids on Baltimore, Washington, Boston and New Orleans only serve to inflame American public opinion and discredit Federalists who seek peace. Lack of American Loyalists in Canada, and collaboration of French Québécois with Americans are also to blame for American occupation of Upper Canada and Toronto, Lower Canada (Québec), and all of New Brunswick along with the maritimes. British exchange perpetual most-favored-nation status and mutual tariff reduction with America for an embargo against napoleon's europe. The British withdraw from positions threatening Buffalo and New Orleans; the position at Baltimore had to be abandoned due to relentless militia infiltration and sniper attacks. The issue of trade with France is deliberately left unresolved, but increased trade with Britain more than compensates America for giving up support of Napoleon's Europe.
1811: Pauly patents first cartridge breech-loading rifle.
1812: Orleans Territory becomes the state of Napoleona. 4th gold star added to white bar on USNA state flag.
1813: British East India Company loses its monopoly of the Indian trade, but administrative functions continue.
1815: America writes in further exemption for militia service for professional law enforcers (sheriffs, etc.), and the "Sullivan Rule" to prevent more than 3 close relatives from serving in the same unit. This rule stems from an incident where one British cannonball killed 2 brothers outright, and the other 2 die trying to reach them, leaving the elderly Sullivan parents with no heirs
1816-the british sells the lands of british north america to the USNA as part of the treaty of ghent for 20,000,000.
1817: Drakia free population passes 300,000 with the slave population being four times that. Founding of Diskarapur (Newcastle, South Africa) and Shahnapur (Maputo, Mozambique). Trade with India produces British and Drakian fad for Persian/Moghul artwork. Drakian settlers begin encroaching on Portuguese territory nearby (Mozambique and Angola), culminating in de jure control of all established Portuguese ports by 1810
Still another alternative
Actually if we seriously consider the POD of the Draka TL, I think a much slower Draka development is most likely. I envision Drakia coming into conflict with the increasingly abolitionist British government in the early 19th century. This results in the First and Second Draka Wars. In the first the Draka are overwhelmed and it's this loss that turns them ruthless. Even then they only narrowly win their independence in the Second Draka War (where they first use women in combat) with some help due to its being simultaneous with the Crimean War.
This Drakan "Empire" is still confined to Africa when the Great War begins. It grabs territories by being first a German ally then switching sides.
at the most the drakans will only get ceylon and madagascar as non african terretroies. It won't be until the 1870's that they control all of africa. The Drakans will win their independence a little earleir than what you propose but there will be a drakan revolution....
Part II:The mexican revolution to the slaver exodus
1818-The Grand Mexican imperium under Iturbide declares independence.
-steamcars appear in drakia,the USNA and british australia and the euro powers consider them to be gauche and tasteless
1821: Initial results from the 1820 USNA census worry the "slave" states, as there is a growing disadvantage in Representatives and only a narrow margin above a 1/3 minority in the Senate. The southern states where slavery is practiced offer several plans to retain their power in Congress against a growing tide of abolitionism. The one that becomes practice for the next 40 years, called the Great Compromise, is to allow new states to be admitted to the USA only as an equal number of "slave" and "free". This should work for the Louisiana Purchase, but not the Far Northwest Territory. While parity will remain in the Senate, the House will swing firmly to the "free" side, as growth in voters is higher in the free states. But it's the best that can be done without coming to blows. Maine split from Massachusetts, and admitted as a state along with Missouri, to begin the implementation of the Great Compromise.
-Tobago(slave) and Vandalia(southern illinois)(free) get statehood
1825-slavery abolished in mexico.
-Emperor Iturbide begins proclaming a militaristic policy
-mexico begins to cultivate tropical fruit as another crop
1827-1828- the first mexican war is started after disputes by anglo settlers in tejas and the mexican army.
-Camu Camu fruit trees begin to be cultivated in the subtropical and tropical parts of the USNA
1830-Mexico cedes all of mexico del norte(OTL's mexican cessation),Alta california,baja california and tejas to the USNA. Mexic is to demobiliza its armed forces and pay a 34,000,000 reparations fee(think treaty of versailles gone psycho)
1831: Petroleum first used as a motor fuel, although for a steam engine. Metallurgy is not yet advanced enough to consistently build an affordable internal combustion engine that can withstand the explosion cycle and corrosive exhaust.
1832-Santa Anna seizes power from iturbide and begins to rearm
1835-United states of central maeirca splinters into mosquitia(eastern honduras),honduras,panama,el salvador,habenero(northn guatamala),nicarauga,costa rica and belize.
-the pithaya fruit is brought back from the carribena states and becoems part of american cuisine.
1842–43: Second Mexican–American War, caused by a new Mexican government repudiating all previous agreements and demanding more money as well as return of Texas and the rest of the mexican cessation. American military victorious in nearly all battles large and small, finally presses to the inner sanctum of Mexico City before the Mexican government will admit defeat. Annexation of all Mexico forced by No Forgiveness faction over President Eubanks' objections (Eubanks is a hero of the first war, who led his men to victory in Santa Fe and then took a detachment cross-country to secure southern Alta California). Wealthy Mexican landholders and government officials flee to Cuba and the Philippines with most of the wealth and the treasury, leaving large amounts of farmland to be divided among the poor peasants. The hopes of the southern members of the No Forgiveness faction are dashed, as putting the peons back into bondage akin to slavery isn't feasible.
-Drakan Army Technical Section synthesizes advances from elsewhere to produce the R-3 rifle, a bolt action with rifled barrel using brass cartridges of black powder and a hollow-point lead bullet from a replaceable 8-round box with riser spring.
1850-1858-the USNA annexes leeward antilles,Japan,haiti,santo domingo, melanesia,the phillipines,hawai,guam,polynesia,samoa,windward antilles,the marianas,Okinawa,puerto rico,mikronesia,Taiwan and the central ameircan countries.
-Tropical fruits become widspread as plants from all over the world begin to be cultivated in the tropical and subtropical areas. The cultivation of tropical fruits leads to selective breeding which means that much of the american south becomes a fruit cultivating area.
-THe first land ironclads,warcars,stemships and zeppelins appear.
1851-Perry conquers japan after they refuse to open up trade
1856: After a number of cities have instituted a militia service exemption for professional firefighters, the phrase "and those continually serving the public's safety" is added to the governing national law.."
1858: British Crown assumes all governmental responsibilities and administrative functions held by the East India Company, in the wake of the Sepoy Mutiny. The British establish Council of Rajahs as an advisory body to the Viceroy to avoid losing "the jewel in the Crown
-the boll weevil population dramatically increases which causes most cotton plantations to be ruined by the destruction of cotton
1858–63: The Slaver Exodus. So far, the Great Compromise whereby "slave" and "free" states are admitted in equal proportion has held for almost 40 years, but it's rapidly become untenable for the future. The free states are more heavily populated with voters than the slave states, so the Senate and House are usually at odds. To continue the compromise would force Cuba and Mexico into revolt if they became slave states. The alternative has denied several western territories statehood, in some cases for decades. So far, the solution has been to keep territories from becoming free states until paired with a new slave state, but that is starting to wear on everyone. When militia units exchange shots across state lines in several locations, the Army is ordered to maintain order impartially and all the governors are ordered by Congress to demobilize. It nearly becomes a civil war, but everyone is too evenly matched in arms and training to see a clear advantage in fighting, at least for the moment. The solution comes in the form of two transcontinental railroads to northern and southern Alta California Territory: sell part of the right-of-way to the railroad companies, some to settlers, and then compensate the slave owners and free the slaves. The gold and silver in Alta California and Nevada are starting to tail off, but the prospects for opening up the west and Mexico, especially if statehood occurs, sounds good to almost everyone. Everyone, that is, except the die-hard slave owners. And into this breach creeps the Free Republic of Draka.
The deal is proposed in late 1858, and the details emerge in 1859. First, the railroad property will be auctioned off, starting in 1860 with parcels at both ends, and continuing towards the middle as the railroad construction advances. Compensation will be paid in 1862, so that there is no partial solution — all the slave states will be emancipated at the same time. Getting news of this prospective windfall, Drakans begin circulating through the slave-owning planter aristocracy of the South, and offer new plantations and fresh slaves in Draka, if the slave owners will immigrate with their money. Abolitionists and bankers, fearing that the slave owners will remove a large amount of money from the country, and impoverish the US, put some additional conditions on the compensation. First, inspectors will rate the slaves during January 1862 for their ability to work, and give compensation accordingly, so mistreated slaves and infants won't count for much. Second, the compensation will not be all cash, but partially in "land bonds" redeemable for territory along the transcontinental railroads. (1/5 goes to the railroad companies at a very low price, 1/5 will be auctioned to settlers, 1/5 is for "land bonds", and the remaining 2/5 is for government use and Indian territories.) Third, if the slave owners leave the country they forfeit the land bonds to the freed slaves.
What's unforeseen is that two kinds of investment companies are set up. One buys land out west long before the railroad reaches it, and sells it once the railroad arrives for a profit. The second type bets on being able to buy whole plantations cheaply, so the owners can flee to Draka with more liquid assets, and later sell parts of the plantation to the freed slaves, and make a profit from the land bonds too. These ruin the forfeiture scheme, and absorb a lot of available credit from the economy.
Unrest caused by poor whites as the rich ones are leaving causes anarchy in the southern states for months. Manipulations by embezzlers, banks and the Draka nearly stop the transcontinental railroads and cause a financial panic outside the slave states. The Slaver Exodus produces a financially devastated USNA and physically devastated southern states
1861: Unrest rises among the poor whites of the slave states, as they see the top and bottom of southern society planning to get rewards while they will receive nothing. The most dangerous ones begin collecting weapons or subverting the local militia, and plan to kill the slave owners and/or the slaves during the transition period after January 1862. Several such plans are exposed, but southern governors refuse to act with unity. Abolitionists, representatives of investment companies and other "carpetbaggers" flood the slave states, pursuing their own agendas. Some abolitionists see opportunities to gain votes for northern political parties among the freed men, others are there to distribute guns or facilitate last-minute escapes (they're still slaves down there, even if slavery will end soon), and a few are humanitarians hoping to aid in the worst situations. The investment companies are there to sign contracts for land bonds. There are even a few fortune-seekers claiming to be long lost relatives of a planter, so they can get a share.
The railroad companies don't have enough workers, and importing Filipino labor only works for the Pacific end of the tracks. Mexico turns out to be a good source of workers for hire, as some of the pre-war peasants turned post-war small farmers are willing to try something else. A few railroad company agents enter the mix in the southern states, offering to buy strong slaves and even whole families, and employ them as free men on the westbound track building effort. Those sold before January 1862, and the owners that can pack up and leave early, are the lucky ones.
Interest rates begin to rise, as the banks notice a demand for loans to generate the cash to pay off slave owners now, or buy land on speculation. The large sums of money being thrown about give a giddy impression of high finance, but the industrial expansion of the early "robber barons" is being sidetracked. It takes special guarantees by the USNA Treasury to ensure that the railroad companies get the credit they need to keep building, as they won't show a good return until the lines meet. Towards the end of the year, slave inspection teams composed of Army engineers and hired accountants and former slave traders, begin spreading throughout the slave states so they can get the job done quickly in early 1862. This volatile mix of people in the slave states, and the wild swings in value of "railroad land", will soon explode.
1862: Although the slave inspection teams try to do their jobs properly, they are often forced to intervene in the tense situations on plantations. Soon, havoc reigns with poor whites in militia-like bands attacking plantations, the slave owners and inspection teams and freed slaves defending themselves, some freed slaves taking revenge, and the recently compensated slave owners leaving a vacuum as they depart for the nearest port with whatever they can carry. Roving bands of freed slaves, radical abolitionists, and poor whites all seem willing to chase down rich former slave owners, and in most cases are willing to fight each other too. The plantations, highways, rivers and railways of the slave states become the settings for numerous robberies, small battles and atrocities. Congress finally authorizes mobilization of militia from free states to enter the slave states to try to keep the peace, but even they get bogged down and heavily involved with only slight progress. Some Drakan ships have to fight their way out of southern ports against angry mobs, and then defend against pirates sallying from parts unknown. While not a civil war, the unrest in the slave states is close to anarchy until the last departing slave owners are generally known to have left. All told, over 200,000 planters and family members leave for Draka, taking a vast amount of wealth and leaving tremendous bitterness and bloodshed behind.
The financial system of the rest of the USNA teeters dangerously close to collapse. There is negative economic growth going on, and the credit needed to keep the railroads going while the investment companies wait is getting harder to come by. Extended deployment by northern militia units is also very unpopular at home, and hurting the economy even further.
-Martial law declared in Virginia and several other southern states during the Slaver Exodus. Minnesota admitted as a state, star in white bar .
-the states of those that leave are broken up and distributed among the former slaves and poor whites.
1863: Exhaustion keeps the warring factions in the southeastern US from more than sporadic and very bloody local outbursts of violence. The slave-less area of northwestern Virginia is split off for separate civil administration and becomes known as kanawah, while the rest of Virginia remains under martial law due to continued unrest. More Mexican militia and Army units are brought in, and finally a semblance of law and order is established in the South. However, in late 1863 a large amount of land bonds once controlled by the emigrants are suddenly all dumped on the market (the Drakans wrote some interesting provisions into the contracts). And most of the funds not paid out in compensation are lost to an embezzler who flees to Sicily. These events cause a financial panic in the northern states, but the South is past caring. The only good news is the steady progress and completion of the two transcontinental railroads; the railroads have taken to promising the workers some of the railroad land as incentives. All told, the railroads will give out nearly all their extra land beyond the immediate right-of-way, just to keep workers and creditors happy.
-the 14th amendment to the constitution which states that all races have the same rights is passed by the USA senate and house of representives
1864-the USA begins to rebuild becuase of the easier trade and settlement in the far north and Mexico.
-Sakhalin and the kurils are bought from russia
-the USNA begins diversifying the south's economy by introducing tropical fruit growing,rice and other crops to help ease the economic dislocation of the loss of king cotton.
-The terretoris of the north pacific are organized into: Sakhalin,Japan,okinawa,kurils,bonin,guam and marianas territories
1867-the meiji war which is Japan's last attempt to revolt. The Emperor,shogun and loyalist rebels are defeated. Japan will remain a territory until post WWII when the americanized japanese and anglos get a majority there. Japan will always remain a part of the USA thats distinctinve with english being a minority.
1860–70: Germany united. Dominion of Australia unites Australia and New Zealand; aborigines are legally protected from exploitation. Electric generators and lighting.
-the central asian khanates(bokhara,khiva,kokand and uihghiristan) modernize and hold off russia
-Solar-power units (glass circulating-water collectors, with underground pressurized-water heat sinks) are eeveloped and become widespread in the USNA and the DRF
-Mosquito vector of malaria established at Shahnapur Institute of Tropical Medicine, and large-scale efforts to combat the tsetse fly in central Africa finally begin to achieve real success. Expansion of Drakan settlement northward begins to catch up with military conquests.
-Immigrants from the USNA slave states spread through the Drakan frontier and infuse a massive amount of wealth into the economy, catalyzing a massive expansion in the service and industrial sectors. Drakan dialect takes on a pronounced "southern" twang/drawl from the latest influx on top of the earlier Loyalists. FRD has the lead in high-pressure steam and air technology, including storage of compressed air in underground concrete tanks.
-Friedrich Nietzsche immigrates to FRD. Assembly of Free Citizens changed to a Senate elected from pool proposed by Directorates and Combines, and a Provincial Assembly with 5 Representatives per province. Drakan women now liable for conscription, but still only into non-combat positions.
-Construction of Panama Canal begins.
-central air conditioning first appears in the domination and quickly spreads to the USNA and south america.
-drakan programs of reforsting and irrigation of desert areas are adopted
1867: Columbia, Venezuela and Ecuador form Republic of Grande Columbia. Navassa Island (south of east end of Cuba), Johnston Atoll (south of Hawaii), Howland, Baker and Jarvis Islands (South Pacific) annexed as USNA possessions.
1870s: Natural rubber production skyrockets after the tree is introduced from the Amazon jungle to Ceylon and the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia and Malaya). The Drakan plantation system on Ceylon is more efficient, yet small private holdings persist elsewhere, as owners refuse to consolidate for fear of emulating the Drakans.
1870-the last holdout kingdoms in egypt,algeria,ethiopia and morroco fall to the draka
-british,french and dutch guianas purchased by USNA
-terretories of cayenne,guyana and surinam established
1871-1872: Steam turbine perfected by Technological Institute of Archona. First rigid dirigibles. Archona and Philadelphia are first cities to have telephone networks and street lighting. Cordite or "smokeless powder" patented.
-the triple alliance of uruguay,paraguay and bolivia declares war on brazil
1873: Long-brewing bitterness between American Indians and the westward-spreading white men erupts in a Sioux chief leading a growing force in a series of massacres of wagon trains and settlements. Several Army and militia units sent to stop them are wiped out or defeated.
-ottoman empire does a massive crash program of reforms including mandatory conscription.
-the sport Bodyball: This is the ancient mesoamerican ballgame picked up by the U.S. after the Mexican annexation. The only difference is substitution of a
soccerball or basketball for the solid rubber ball. This sport becomes popular.
1874: British East India Company dissolved. [OTL]
-sakhalin and kurils bought from russia by USNA
1874–75: After the Indian revolts spread to a wide area and even settled tribes begin leaving the reservations, several territorial governors petition the Congress and President for authority to call out the militias and mobilize the Army. (Territorial governors, unlike state governors, cannot call out militia territory-wide unless the Army is active already.) The rallying cry becomes "the only good'un is a dead'un!" Several gun manufacturers compete for business by offering substantial discounts and even credit purchase plans to militia members. These are state-of-the-art repeating rifles and revolvers, using the new smokeless powder. Essentially the entire male population west of the Mississippi is issued the most advanced firearms and allowed to use them, no questions asked, against American Indians. Atrocities are widespread on both sides. This includes nearly wiping out several encampments of peaceful Indians, severely discrediting "peace chiefs" like Black Kettle of the Cheyenne.
-contrstruction on a railroad from Juneau to panama city begin
-"Century of Progress" exposition held in Saint Louis, Missouri; first serious proposal to move USA national capital to Saint Louis or another more central location than District of Columbia.
1880–89: Autosteamers achieve popularity as vehicles of the wealthy, especially in the Free Republic of Draka now that closed-cycle systems are perfected. Refrigeration, including central air conditioning and then smaller portable units, developed as a variant application of compressors. Solar power systems are developed for small-scale water heating and electric power generation. Single-barrel machine guns, flame-throwers, land mines, poison gas, and submarines are developed and used by the great powers. Austro–German alliance with Ottoman Empire, construction of Berlin–Baghdad railway. Motion pictures developed. Steam turbine introduced for railroad engines. Antiseptic surgery and development of anesthetics, after the numerous amputations and preventable deaths of the Anglo–Russian War. Panama Canal completed.
-bilharzia,malaria, sleeping sickness, and river-blindness are overcome
-iceland and greenland purchased by america from denmark
-American Indians petition US federal government to have their reservations and Indian territories administered at the federal level, rather than considered parts of states. The Indians regard the federal government and Army as their protector, and the states and territories as the source of the militias that were their strongest foes. Only several small areas in states east of the Mississippi become "Federal Indian Territories", most of them are created in the western lands still not yet states. Hashing out the boundaries keeps remaining territories in the American West from statehood for several years.
-Free population of FRD is growing more slowly than serf population, leading to several bloody attempted slave revolts and the imposition of the harshest measures yet for control. Settlement Directorate raises childbearing requirement for plantation Landholders to 4 new or pre-existing acknowledged free births in first 10 years. Provincial Assembly authorizes increasing Citizen stipend for each additional free child to encourage free marriages and population growth, as acceptable immigrants have decreased greatly. Rise in popularity of impaling (inspired by the Ottomans) and use of crude flame-throwers or poison gas on rioting serfs. Uprisings in Kongo Province lead to large-scale deportations to destructive labor camps in addition to the usual measures. Brotherhood of the Lash encourages educational opportunities commensurate only with increasing responsibilities of serfs, leading to mostly illiterate plantation field hands and industrial machine tenders. Backlash to widespread international condemnation of these measures is the genesis of the Militarist philosophy in the FRD.
-ottoman empire starts to liberlize its government and economy
-Several large water diversion and hydroelectric projects begun in both the FRD and USNA.
1882: Bondservant Identification Act requires neck tattoo on all serfs.
-Security Directorate given arrest powers for all but high-ranking politicians (Senatorial immunity) and Citizens currently serving the Republic outside the Police Zone (mostly War Directorate personnel in battle). Karl von Shrakenberg born.
-Spanish declared a secondary official language of the USNA in areas with significant Hispanic population (Texas, Alta California, former Mexico, Arizona and Pueblo Territories, Florida, Panama, Caribbean islands,central america), but the English version of any government document has precedence. This is provoked by an embarrassing incident in Chihuahua City when reading aloud a faulty translation of the Constitution on the occasion of statehood.
1883: In continuing efforts to include the Hispanics (commonly still called Mexicans) in the USA, and better reflect the westward movement of America, further serious proposals have been made since 1876 to move the national capital from Washington D.C. to a more central location. Geographically, the center of the continental part of the nation is now in northern Texas or the Oklahoma Territory (still mostly Indian reservations). However, the best proposals are for somewhere along the Rio Grande, although not where the Mexicans were severely beaten; the best candidates are Laredo and El Paso, which both have "twin cities" across the river.
- Slave revolt in the textile mills of Alexandria is suppressed; results in 150,000 casualties.
-Cape Town-Alexandria Railway is completed with "only" 10,000 serfs dying of overwork.
1885: After much secret and public deliberation, voting, arm-twisting and other forms of political corruption, the announcement is made that the national capital of the USA will be moved to El Paso/Ciudad Juárez in 1900, and the vicinity is transferred to the federal government as the "National District of Unitas." The District of Columbia will be retained as a national park and living museum, with no monuments or buildings moved, and no permanent residents allowed.
-the eagle and the serpent from the mexican flag are added to the american flag in a move to include the hispanics
1886: Walter Jameson of Militarist Party elected Archon. Government resources allocated to mass industrialization, formation of a fully modern military including dirigible air forces and a navy competitive with Britain. Program to promote substantially higher Citizen birth rate, combination of traditional racism with intense Drakan nationalism. Naldorssen's Norse/Hindu religion made the only legal faith for serfs, several Christian missionaries expelled from FRD. The Militarist government's successes will inspire Militarism around the world (very similar to OTL Fascism). Powers of the Archon increased, including no term limit.
1888: First transatlantic flight, by a Drakan dirigible from Apollonaris (Dakar, Senegal) to Recife in Brazil.
1890–99: Regular dirigible service on several continents. American autosteamer production surpasses Dominations' as the limited market in the Domination is saturated by their high-quality goods, and American inventors and entrepreneurs have pulled down the cost of production to make less-sturdy products more affordable for their middle class. Continuing Drakan emphasis on an extensive military-industrial complex. Compression ignition (diesel) internal combustion engine invented, but no practical application yet. Semi-automatic pistols developed. Tolgren model 1890 "automatic" pistol issued in large numbers to Citizens as standard sidearm.
-american autobahn(interstate highways) set up
-marijuana slowly makes it into the non-mexican states of the USNA and becomes socially acceptable
-france,germany,austria hungay,denmark,spain,portugal and denmark establsih alcohol,cannibis and tobacco prohitibitions
1900-Brazil frees its slaves
1900–10: Increasing tension between the European powers leads to a system of interlocking alliances and guarantees. Britain, France, Italy, and Russia (Grand Alliance) face off against Germany, Austria–Hungary, and the declining Ottoman Empire (Central Powers). The Domination of Draka is officially neutral. The United States is friendly to the Grand Alliance but wants to avoid foreign entanglements. Abortive Austro–Italian war degenerates into trench warfare and mass slaughter with machine guns before a peace that changes nothing. Development of heavier-than-air flight in France, Domination, USNA, Britain within a few years of each other. First spark ignition internal combustion engines. Internal combustion engine technology first applied to the heavy steam warcar concept in Britain, leading to the Land Battleship or "clanker" [OTL tank], rapidly copied in Germany,the USNA and the Domination, a tracked armored vehicle carrying machine guns to break the trench warfare stalemate projected for the future of warfare. Women's suffrage movements gain strength outside the Domination. Wireless (radio) communications developed, then initial vacuum tube technology. Sound added to motion pictures. Drakan hydroelectric projects on major African rivers come on line, and portions of the railroad network are electrified.
-British and German commercial interests begin exploration of Middle East for other oil resources, Germans form various companies with Ottoman Empire involvement for exploitation. Draka begins military intelligence gathering efforts under diplomatic and commercial covers in Ottoman territories in the Middle East. An international technological information gathering effort by the Domination is also increasing in size; there is an unofficial acknowledgment in the Draka government that there are not enough Citizens to keep ahead of everyone else in the sciences.
-The Domination's school system, a universalized military version of the traditional Drakan boarding schools and reserves training for Citizens, is a source of pride for the Militarist government. It is praised in some nations for creating the new leaders and warriors of the world, even as they decry the other behavior of the Militarists. The neo-Norse (Citizen) portion of Naldorssen's state religion has government support, but eventually does little more than provide new curse words for the Drakan dialect. Christianity strongly discouraged in Domination for Citizens, has been prohibited for decades among serfs.
-the ottoman empire is modernized and made into a constitutional monarchy among german lines in terms of democracy
1900: After embarrassing cost overruns and construction delays, which are made up with donations from school children and volunteer labor by militia units from as far away as Chicago, the new US national capitol complex in Unitas is ready by the Fourth of July. Over the past 15 years, the federal government has built a well-planned city, a host of government buildings with all the modern conveniences, and encouraged the states of Texas and Chihuahua to massively expand and improve transportation links to the area.
1901: Citizen women declared liable for wartime conscription into combat positions in the Domination, but training is still segregated.
Yucatan, Deser and Panama admitted as states.
1907-1908-The abysmal performance of the Russian armed forces, combined with social unrest, leads to a revolution in Russia. A true constitutional monarchy is established under Tsar Alykzandr IV, and several noted Westernizers are established in top government positions. A Communist group in St. Petersburg incites an armed uprising a little too late, and is crushed and rooted out by loyal troops and the Tsar's secret police. Qing Dynasty continues in China, but with a council of military leaders (warlords) the real power behind the throne. Pattern of competition among local warlords, with Western countries offering arms and money for trade concessions, is established and continues until 1940.
1910–1914: Amid a growing appreciation by world leaders that the interlocking alliances have led to a delicate Balance of Power that could be disastrously upset, many people believe that this is a true "Golden Age" for mankind. Unfortunately, it ignores the direct exploitation of millions by the Drakans, and the indirect activities in India and China that subjugate even more for the benefit of distant lands. But the march of technology has led to better lives in much of Europe, North America, and the lands of the Drakans, for those who can afford it or were born to it.
-women given equal rights
1912: Domination of Draka has free population of nearly 20 million, and 180 million serfs, with the Citizen population growth rate stimulated to nearly 4% per annum (enough to triple in 30 years). GNP is roughly equivalent to the United States of North America(population 135 million), but with great differences in distribution, etc. Germany adopts a more militarized national school system, a symptom of the rise of Prussian/Militarist influence in German government. Communist movement in Russia takes on heavy anarchist leanings, claiming that only violent revolution to sweep aside the decadent capitalist-imperialist system can begin to truly reform Russia; after several terrorist attacks, popular opinion supports continuing repressive measures by the Tsar's secret police to stamp out the Communists
1913-Protests lead to government reform in Russia, establishment of a new constitution, restriction of the powers of the monarch
1914-1918-WWI begins between entene and central powers the Combat use of biplanes, clankers, radio, poison gas and dirigibles. Airborne troops are in gliders towed by dirigible. Antibiotics developed and used. Crude electrodetectors (radar).
-jazz music appears
-ottoman empire decalres strict nuetrality
1917-the USA joins WWI and helps defeat the central powers with a tidal wave of men and ammunition.
1918-kaiser killed and overthrown by luddendorf and he withdraws to the borders of germany in the fronts. The peace of versailles where the belligerants withdraw to their prewar borders is established
-an anti-draka scare causes western european countries to draw closer.
I'd expect the Draka's attempt to force all serfs to convert to Norse paganism/Hinduism (with ghoulish martyrdoms running into the millions) to be a major PR disaster. I assume most serfs south of the Sahara are at least nominally Christian, correct? Christianity was much more popular in Europe at this point, and, since the Europeans were the major powers of the world, millions of Europeans will put pressure on their gov'ts to oppose Draka policies. The Ottomans will also be PO'd at the killings of Muslims and there'll be diplomatic problems there.
The Domination will end up being isolated in the world (Europe and the US will despise them); perhaps their only ally will be Japan. Will it end up a Draka-and-Japan-versus-the-world scenario like Pterodactyl's "realistic" Draka TL?
I'd also expect more opposition to giving the Security Directorate power over Citizens; what's the point of being a ruler if you're basically a slave of an organization that makes the KGB look like choir boys?
1 yes the domination will be diplomatically isolated I mean the USNA,europe,czarist russia and the ottomans for starters have its routes of expansion cut off.
2 no luck with Japan as its been annexed by america since 1853 when they refused to open up and got conquered.
3 thats why the security directorate is focusing more on serfs and being inobtrusive with citizens.
"3 thats why the security directorate is focusing more on serfs and being inobtrusive with citizens"
Surely the Draka, paranoid as they are as a culture, could foresee the Security Directorate being "misused." I'd expect giving Security power over Citizens to cause some kind of major crisis within the Domination's ruling class; other than slave revolts, they seem to have no other internal problems.
"2 no luck with Japan as its been annexed by america since 1853 when they refused to open up and got conquered."
Okay, if Japan got annexed, what about China? I think they're doing better in this TL.