August 9th, 2006, 10:10 PM
I have a couple of Questions about the German and Belgian colonies that I am having difficulty finding.
What was the population of German East Africa, Cameroon, Togo and South-West Africa.
What about the Belgian Congo?
What was the largest city in the German Colonies
August 9th, 2006, 11:40 PM
1934 9,467,503 inhabitants, 17,588 Europeans (of whom were Belgian)
1938 Census: 10,240,499 inhabitants, 23,091 Europeans (16,041 Belgian, 1,460 Portuguese, 1,260 Italian, 879 British, 730 Greek, 578 American, 457 Dutch, 382 French, 233 Luxemburger, 177 Swiss, 174 South African, 95 Swedish, 515 others).
1950 11,073,311 Africans, 53,176 Europeans, 1,063 Asians
1959 13,864,901 Africans, 115,157 Europeans (89,736 Belgians) others were Portuguese, Italians and Greeks in that order; 1,469 Asians.
German East Africa
1913 7,645,770 nonwhite, 5,336 Europeans (4,107 Germans), there were also around 20,000 East Indians and Arabs.
German Southwest Africa
1913 79,556 nonwhite, 14,830 Europeans
1913 2,648,720 nonwhite, 1,871 Europeans
1913 1,031,978 nonwhite, 368 Europeans (320 Germans)
August 10th, 2006, 12:03 AM
Thankyou, your help is appreacited
August 10th, 2006, 12:06 AM
As for cities in the German colonies, there weren't really any cities by 1914 simply towns that weren't even very large.
In German Southwest Africa the towns were small but Europeans were the majority. In 1936 the largest towns in the mandate of Southwest Africa were:
Windhoek (Windhuk in German) 10,651
Dar es Salaam had perhaps 20,000 inhabitants in 1914. In 1931 during British rule the largest urban centres were:
Dar es Salaam 33,147
Lomé in Togo only had 14,380 inhabitants by 1938 so it was probably much smaller 24 years prior.
Douala (Duala to the Germans) in French Cameroun only had 36,040 inhabitants by 1944, and Yaoundé (Jaunde) had 18,754.
Although Duala was the capital during German rule I suspect that Buea (the summer capital near Mt. Kamerun) would have had a few thousand or so inhabitants.
Also I should have mentioned in my previous post that the European population was not spread evenly in colonies. In Kamerun most lived in Duala and Buea. In German Southwest Africa Europeans tended to be farmers and they controlled most of the arable land in the central part of the colony by 1914 and dominated the towns of Windhuk, Swakopmund and Luderitz. In German East Africa a majority of the settlers lived in the highlands around Kilimanjaro and towns such as Arusha and Moshi.
In the Belgian Congo the highest concentration of Europeans was in the highlands around Costermansville (Bukavu). The city itself was 12.5% European by 1960, the highest in the territory. Leopoldville (Kinshasa) was only around 5% European and Elisabethville (Lubumbashi) had around 10% of its population being European. Elisabethville and the Katanga was also home to the majority of the colony's Greek community.
August 10th, 2006, 02:22 AM
Wow, okay thankyou, this is alot of help.
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