March 3rd, 2009, 11:17 AM
July 29 - Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist 'Nazi' Party.
Nov 8/9 -The Beer Hall Putsch.
July 18 -Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" published.
Sept 8 - Germany admitted to League of Nations.
Oct 29 - Stock Market on Wall Street crashes.
Sept 14 - Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany.
Nov 8 - Roosevelt elected President of the United States.
Jan 30 -Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
Feb 27 - The Reichstag burns.
March 12 - First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin. (mostly political prisoners)
March 23 - Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.
In June - Nazis open Dachau concentration camp.(mostly political prisoners)
July 14 - Nazi party declared only party in Germany.
Oct 14 - Germany decides to stay in the League of Nations.
June 30 - The "Night of the Long Knives."
July 25 - Nazis murder Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss.
Aug 2 - German President Hindenburg dies.
Aug 19 - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
March 16 - Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.
Feb 10 - The German Gestapo is placed above the law.
March 7 - German troops occupy the Rhineland.
May 9 - Mussolini's Italian forces take Ethiopia.
July 18 - Civil war erupts in Spain.
Aug 1 - Olympic games begin in Berlin.
Oct 1 - Franco declared head of Spanish State.
June 11 - Soviet leader Stalin begins a purge of Red Army generals.
Nov 5 - Hitler reveals war plans during Hossbach Conference.
March 12/13 - Germany announces 'Anschluss' (union) with Austria
Aug 12 - German military mobilizes.
Sept 30 - British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich.
Oct 15 - German troops occupy the Sudetenland Czech government resigns.
Jan 30, 1939 - Hitler declares to a limited audience that the best solution for the Jewish problem would be to “transfer” them to Palestine. (Although he keeps using his anti-Semitic propaganda for popularity reasons note that no actual anti Jewish acts have happened in Germany yet).
March 15/16 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia.
March 28, 1939 - Spanish Civil war ends.
May 22, 1939 - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy.
Aug 23, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets sign Pact.
Aug 25, 1939 - Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.
Aug 31, 1939 - British fleet mobilizes; Civilian evacuations begin from London.
Sept 1, 1939 - Nazis invade Poland.
Sept 3, 1939 - Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.
Sept 4, 1939 - British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy.
Sept 5, 1939 - United States proclaims neutrality; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland.
Sept 10, 1939 - Canada declares war on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins.
Sept 17, 1939 - Soviets invade Poland.
Sept 27, 1939 - Warsaw surrenders to Nazis; Reinhard Heydrich becomes the leader of new Reich Main Security Office (RSHA).Biography of SS Leader Reinhard Heydrich.
Sept 29, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland.
In Oct - Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany.
Nov 8, 1939 - Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
Nov 30, 1939 - Soviets attack Finland.
Dec 14, 1939 - Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.
Jan 8, 1940 - Rationing begins in Britain.
March 12, 1940 - Finland signs a peace treaty with Soviets.
March 16, 1940 - Germans bomb Scapa Flow naval base near Scotland.
April 9, 1940 - Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.
May 10, 1940 - Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.
May 15, 1940 - Holland surrenders to the Nazis.
May 26, 1940 - Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins.
May 28, 1940 - Belgium surrenders to the Nazis.
June 3, 1940 - Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk evacuation ends.
June 10, 1940 - Norway surrenders to the Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France.
June 14, 1940 -Germans enter Paris.
June 16, 1940 - Marshal Pétain becomes French Prime Minister.
June 18, 1940 - Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich(Germany and Italy divide Europe, North Africa and the Middle east, also they agree to coordinate they efforts on a common strategy against Great Brittan; Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States.
June 22, 1940 - France signs an armistice with the Nazis. (Among other conditions the French are to allow the Germans the use of bases in North Africa, transit rights in Vichy territory and send an “volunteer force” to fight the British. In exchange the Vichy keeps a larger part of France under its jurisdiction.)
June 23, 1940 - Hitler tours Paris.
June 28, 1940 - Britain recognizes Gen. Charles de Gaulle as the Free French leader.
July 1, 1940 - German U-boats attack merchant ships in the Atlantic, and the Luftwaffe starts an air campaign with the intention to wipe out the RAF and in coordination with the small surface vessels of the German Navy to lure the British fleet in a trap in the North Sea. Most of the fighting is done in the North Sea and the Channel.
July 5, 1940 - French Vichy government breaks off relations with Britain.
July 10, 1940 – Hitler decides focus its efforts in destroying the British trade and its key bases a limited Battle of Britain is fought over the skies of southern England by the Luftwaffe with the intention to destroy the RAF and its infrastructure, due to their extreme vulnerability over the skies of England the stuka and the bombers are withdrawn earlier and the Battle of Brittan becomes the battle of the fighter planes.
July 23, 1940 - Soviets take Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Aug 3-19 - Italians occupy British Somaliland in East Africa.
Aug 13, 1940 - German and Italian airborne troops invade Malta after a short but very intensive bombing offensive against airfields and other military installations.
Aug 17, 1940 - Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.
Aug 25/26 - First British air raid on Berlin.
Aug 29/30/31 - German Blitz against London begins in retaliation for the air raid on Berlin. Hitler gives a speech declaring that for each bomb that falls in Berlin 10 will fall on London, a movie showing the destruction in London is shown for propaganda purposes.
Sept 7/8/9 1940 – German Blitz start again in retaliation for another air raid in Hamburg.
Sept 9. -After heavy fighting Malta falls, the fighting takes a heavy toll on the Italian fleet which is out of the war for the next 6 months. Hitler realizes the need for a larger Germans surface fleet.
Sept 13, 1940 – Italian and German troops invade Egypt.
Sept 15, 1940 - German air raids on London, Southampton, Bristol, Cardiff, Liverpool and Manchester.
Sept 16, 1940 - United States military conscription bill passed.
Sept 27, 1940 - Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
Oct 7, 1940 - German troops enter Romania.
Oct 12, 1940 – Italian and German forces reach El-Alamein, they start to experience supply problems, Heinz Guderian commander of the axis troops in North Africa decides to wait for supplies before his final push for the Alexandria, Cairo and the Suez canal.
Oct 28, 1940 – Germany signs trade agreements with Greece.
Nov 5, 1940 - Roosevelt re-elected as U.S. president.
Nov 10/11 -The second battle of Malta if fought, the British send a fleet composed of the carrier HMS Formidable, battleships HMS Valiant, Warspite and 2 destroyer flotillas. The Italians and the Germans rely mostly on air power (most of the Italian fleet in under repairs). The British loose the carrier Formidable the warship Valiant and 3 destroyers due to air power alone. The German/Italians loose 46 planes and 3 destroyers.
Nov 14/15 - Germans bomb Coventry, England in response for an air raid Cologne.
Nov 20, 1940 - Hungary joins the Axis Powers.
Nov 22, 1940 – German and Italian forces enter Alexandria.
Nov 23, 1940 - Romania joins the Axis Powers.
Dec 9/10 - British begin a counteroffensive in North Africa.
Dec 29/30 - Massive German air raid on London in response to a raid in Hamburg.
Jan 22, 1941 – British counteroffensive in North Africa runs out of steam without reaching any significant goals.
Feb 11, 1941 - British forces advance into Italian Somaliland in East Africa.
Feb 12, 1941 – 2 German divisions arrive in Tripoli, North Africa.
Feb 14, 1941 - Guderian units of German 'Afrika Korps' capture Cairo in a surprise attach and push for the Suez canal.
March 7, 1941 - British forces surrounded in the Nile delta surrender.
March 11, 1941 - President Roosevelt Lend-Lease Act fails to pas in the congress.
March 27, 1941 - A coup in Yugoslavia overthrows the pro-Axis government.
April 3, 1941 - Pro-Axis regime set up in Iraq.
April 6, 1941 – German, Italian, Hungarian troops invade Yougoslavia.
April 14, 1941 - Guderian attacks across the Suez canal into Sinai desert.
April 17, 1941 - Yugoslavia surrenders to the Nazis.
April 27, 1941 - Greece joins the Axis powers.
May 1, 1941 - German attack on Jerusalem is repulsed.
May 10, 1941 - Deputy Führer Rudolph Hess flies to Scotland.
May 10/11 -British bomb Hamburg. Heavy German bombing of London
May 15, 1941 - Operation Allenby begins (the British counter-attack in Palestine).
May 24, 1941 - Sinking of the British ship Hood by the Bismarck.
May 27, 1941 - Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy.
June 4, 1941 - Pro-Allied government installed in Iraq.
June 8, 1941 - Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
June 14, 1941 – The German/Italian forces reinforced with 2 additional French Vichy divisions launch operation Terbim with the intention to relieve the French forces in Syria and Lebanon and destroy the remaining British troops in the region.
June 15, 1941 - Germany attacks Soviet Union as Operation Barbarossabegins.
June 27, 1941-Germans destroy the last remaining British troops in Syria, the rest retreats in Iraq.
June 21, 1941 - Germans capture Minsk.
July 3, 1941 - Stalin calls for a scorched earth policy.
July 3, 1941 - Germans cross the River Dnieper in the Ukraine.
July 12, 1941 – Churchill survives a vote of no confidence, the fight goes on.
July 14, 1941 – German/Italian/French troops occupy northern Iraq.
July 26, 1941 - Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in United States and suspends relations.
July 31, 1941 – Operation Hoppe is launched as part of Barbarossa (airborne troops German/Italian capture Murmansk and wait to be reinforced by troops from Norway.)
Aug 1, 1941 - United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states.
Aug 14, 1941 – Operation Napoleon is launched as part of Barbarossa its objective is to secure the occupied territories in the USSR and support the German rail troops in their efforts to convert the Russian rail lines and adapt them for use by the west standard locomotives. The majority of its troops is made up by French Vichy troops.
Aug 12, 1941 - Nazi siege of Leningrad begins.
Sept 1, 1941 - Germany starts to move Jews to Palestine; a Jewish police division is formed and left in charge of “collecting” the Jewish population in occupied territories.
Sept 3, 1941 – German/Italian/French troops start the invasion of Iran and the British set ablaze the oilfields.
Sept 12, 1941 - Nazis take Kiev and set up the independent republic of Ukrahine.
Sept 29, 1941 – The first 33,771 Jews are send to settle in Palestine.
Sept 24, 1941 - Operation Typhoon begins (German advance on Moscow).
Oct 9, 1941 - Germans take Odessa.
Oct 17, 1941 - Germans take Kharkov.
Oct 22, 1941 - Germans reach Sevastopol.
Nov 13, 1941 - British aircraft carrier Ark Royal is sunk off Gibraltar by a U-boat.
Nov 13, 1941 - Germans take Rostov.
Nov 27, 1941 – German/Italian/French advance in Iran is going very slow for lack of fuel as a result Hitler orders Guderian to stop the advance and prepare defensive positions.
Nov 30, 1941 - German attack on Moscow is abandoned, Hitler orders its generals to dig in and prepare defensive positions for the winter.
Dec 6, 1941 - Soviet Army launches a major counter-offensive around Moscow.
Dec 7, 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor and start their campaign of conquest in the Far East.
Dec 8, 1941 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan.
Dec 11, 1941 - Germany declares its neutrality.
Dec 16, 1941 – Hitler authorizes small tactical retreats in secondary defensive positions in the Eastern Front.
Dec 19, 1941 - Hitler orders Albert Spear to put the German economy in total war footing.
Jan 1, 1942 - Declaration of Europe is signed by all axis nations.
Jan 13, 1942 - Germans intensifies its U-boat campaign.
Jan 20, 1942 –The first European conference is held in Berlin.
Jan 21, 1942 – Guderian offensive in Iran begins. Its goal is to destroy the remaining British troops and then push north towards the border with the USSR.
Jan 26, 1942 – The Soviet counter-offensive has run out of steam the front in the East is finally stabilized.
In April - Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers.
April 23, 1942 - German air campaign starts in USSR, its goal is to destroy the Russian air force, disrupt ground communications and soften up defenses for the summer offensive.
April 23 – Turkey joins the axis powers.
April 24-France Vichy sends 5 more divisions in Iran, Italy sends 7 and Turkey sends 3.
May 1, 1942 - German summer offensive begins in the Crimea.
May 20, 1942 - Guderian begins an offensive against the USSR from the south Caucasus.
May 27, 1942 - SS Leader Heydrich attacked in Prague.
May 30, 1942 – Second vote of no confidence for Churchill.
June 4, 1942 – Guderian captures the Baku oil fields, at least what is left of them.
June 5, 1942 - Germans besiege Sevastopol.
June 10, 1942 – Third vote of no confidence for Churchill, Clement Attlee becomes prime minister.
June 21, 1942 – Hitler make a gesture of good will towards GB and suspends all offensive operations in the West.
June 25, 1942 – Attlee decides to suspends offensive operations against Germany.
June 30, 1942 – A back door agreement is reached between GB and Germany, officially they are still at war.
July 1-30 – All peace and quiet in the Western Front.
July 3, 1942 - Germans take Sevastopol.
July 5, 1942 - Soviet resistance in the Crimea ends.
July 9, 1942 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.
July 22, 1942 – Germans take Leningrag.
Aug 7, 1942 – Guderian “liberates” Georgia the birthplace of Stalin.
Aug 11, 1942 – Hitler and Attlee meet Madrid.
Aug 17, 1942 – A peace treaty is singed in Madrid between Hitler and Attlee, Brittan gets back the oilfields in Iran.
Aug 15, 1942 - Massive German air raid on Stalingrad.
Sept 2, 1942 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, Germany returns most of the French territory to the Vichy government.
Sept 2, 1942 - Battle of Stalingrad begins.
Oct 5, 1942 – Around 500 000 Jews are re-settled in Palestine.
Oct 18, 1942 – British and Germans return all captured prisoners of war.
Nov 1, 1942 – Germans take Stalingrad and all of north Caucasus.
Nov 8, 1942 - Operation Torbegins (primary objective the capture of Moscow).
Nov 11, 1942 – Brittan and Italy soigné a peace treaty ending the war.
Dec 2, 1942 - Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.
Dec 13, 1942 – Germans start a winter offensive in USSR.
Dec 16, 1942 – German troops capture Moscow and push further in USSR.
Dec 17, 1942 - First serious clashes between Jews and Arabs in Palestine.
Dec 31, 1942 – Germans start to construct defensive positions in what with be the southern part of the AA line.
March 5th, 2009, 07:36 AM
Jan 2/3 – The last Russian pocket surrenders in the Caucasus mauntains.
Jan 10, 1943 – The Baku oil fields are producing near 45% capacity..
Jan 14-24 - Casablanca conference between Attlee and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with an unconditional Japanese surrender.
Jan 23, 1943 – Hitler and Attlee meet in secret in the south of Spain to draw the new map in the Europe.
Jan 27, 1943 - First bombing raid by Germans in the Ural region (the Ural Bomber becomes operational).
Feb 2, 1943 - Germans start construction of the central part of the eastern wall, part of the AA line. More than 5 million Russian slave workers with die trying to build it.
Feb 8, 1943 – Second conference of Europe in held in Rome.
Feb 13, 1943 –While returning from a trip in the East Hitler’s transport plane is shot down “by mistake”.
Feb 14- Goring becomes the new furher.
Feb 16, 1943 – Walther von Brauchitch Army Commander in Chief orders the arrest of Goring, he is accused of high treason and is found to be deeply implicated in the assassination of Hitler.
Feb 18, 1943 – After a brief military tribunal Goring and 47 other high-ranking Nazis are found to be guilty of high treason.
March 2, 1943 - Germans begin a purge of the Nazis that hold high offices.
March 2 –Germany military junta appoints Albert Spear as prime minister of Greater German Reich.
March 15, 1943 – German military junta declares that elections are to be held in May 1944.
March 16-20 –Heinrich Himmler the last remaining Nazi is killed in Syria while in hiding.
March 20-28 – Germany launches a spring campaign in the eastern front with a limited objection to capture Archangel and establish the northern part of the AA line.
April 7 – Germany declares the war in the east has ended; construction of the northern part of the AA line begins. (In reality operations will continue till the late 1944)
April 19, 1943 – German produces the first jet fighter.
May 7, 1943 – A bombing campaign designed to destroy the industrial capabilities of Russia starts.
May 13, 1943 – Germany launches the first 1000 bomber raid.
May 16, 1943 – Germany starts a summer offensive in the East with the objective to trap 5 USSR armies that are attaching the central sector of the AA defensive wall.
May 22, 1943 – Albert Spear with the approval of the military junta suspends the Jewish “relocation” program.
June 10, 1943 - Dachau concentration camp is closed.
June 11, 1943 - The German Gestapo is reorganized and its power are restricted under the new security laws.
July 5, 1943 – The summer offensive in Russia ends. German army kills and captures close to 800 000 Russian troops and then retreat behind the AA line.
July 9/10 – The Supreme Command of the German Army meets to discus a final solution for the Russia problem, so far the Wehrmacht has suffered close to 1 million casualties in the eastern front only. They came to almost unanimous agreement to start developing and using chemical/biological weapons and decide to put Joseph Mengele in charge of the research team.
July 19, 1943 – German and Italian occupation troops in Croatia kill the leader of the partisan resistance Tito, without support from abroad and its leader the resistance movement in ex-Yugoslavia is finished.
Aug 12 – German troops evacuate Denmark and part of the occupation troops are allowed to stay in the country under a politic-military agreement signed the same day.
Aug 17, 1943 – Albers Spear tells the German military junta that the current level of mobilization and military spending is likely to bankrupt Germany. The war in the East needs to be brought to a quick end.
Aug 23, 1943 – The German junta orders the OKW to start training and equipping non-Russian USSR troops and support them in overthrowing the current Soviet leadership.
Sept 8, 1943 – Italy declares war on Greece.
Sept 9, 1943 –Italian troops land in Corfu.
Sept 11, 1943 – Germany and GB declare their neutrality.
Sept 12, 1943 – Bulgaria declares war on Greece.
Sept 23, 1943 – Turkey declares its neutrality. (This comes as a big surprise to Italy.)
Oct 1, 1943 – The European conference is held to discus the Greece “problem”, the Greece delegation is not allowed to attend.
Oct 4, 1943 – The Italian delegation meets and holds private talks with the German ambassador in Budapest (where the European conference is being held) they came into an agreement that leaves Italy a free hand in Greece in exchange Italy withdraws any requests for territorial gains in the east (Russia).
Oct 13, 1943 – Italian troops after a long and bloody campaign capture Janine and most of Epirus.
Nov 6, 1943 – Italian troops enter Thessalonica, and the Bulgarian troops complete the occupation of eastern Thrace.
Nov 18, 1943 - Large Italian air raid on Athens.
Nov 28, 1943 – Greece capitulates. Italy gets Epirus, West Macedonia and Central Macedonia. Bulgaria gets East Macedonia and Thrace.
Jan 6, 1944 – Germany gives Poland the status of regional autonomy inside the Greater German Reich.
Jan 17, 1944 – The same status is extended to Estonia.
Jan 22, 1944 – The same status is extended to Lithuania.
Jan 27, 1944 – The same status is extended to Latvia.
Feb 15, 1944 -The same status is extended to Azerbaijan.
Feb 16, 1944 – The same status is extended to Georgia.
March 4, 1944 – Ukraine is granted full independence and a military and economical treaty is immediately signed between the new government of Ukraine and the German Junta.
March 15, 1944 – The German Army launches an attach on Russian held territories using ex-non Russian prisoners of war trained and equipped to fight on the side of the Germans and establish an independent Russia. Total German forces number 54 divisions supporting a total of 42 divisions of ex-USSR soldiers.
March 18, 1944 – Stalin dies from a stroke. Beria becomes the head of the state.
April 8, 1944 – A secret meeting is held between the representatives of Germany and USSR. The war in the east is over. USSR is to recognize the Greater German Reich and its borders; all German prisoners of war are to be released. Germany pleads to stop any aggressive operation against the USSR and allow any soviet citizen living inside the Greater Reich to move and resettle in the USSR.
May 9, 1944 – The first German prisoners of war are released by the Soviets.
May 11, 1944 – General elections are held in the Greater German Reich.
May 15, 1944 – The Social Democrats win the majority of the seats in the Reichstag 47% followed by the Christian Democrats with 34% and the Liberal Democrat party came third with 14%. The Social Democrats and the Christian Democrats with form a coalition that with rule the country for the next 24 years.
May 25, 1944 – The Reichstag elects Albert Spear as the new Furher of The Greater German Reich.
June 5, 1944 – A high level meeting is held in Lisbon between the US and German officials.
June 6, 1944 – A trade agreement is signed between the Greater German Reich and US.
June 9, 1944 – Roosevelt and Spear meet in Lisbon; it is the first meeting between the US president and the Furher of Germany. The contents of that meeting remain to this day classified.
June 13, 1944 - First German V-1 rocket is launched into space.
June 22, 1944 – A final agreement is signed by the French Vichy and the Greater Reich, according to the agreement German troops leave France, but they keep bases in North western part of the country, France looses Alsace and Lorraine and its army is reduced to no more than 300 000 professional soldiers.
June 27, 1944 – A final peace treaty is signed between France and Italy. Italy keeps Savoy and Nice.
July 3, 1944 – During a visit in Albania Mussolini is shot and killed.
July 9, 1944 – Ciano is appointed prime minister by the king Victorio Emmanuelle.
July 18, 1944 – Italian prisoners of war are released from Soviet captivity.
July 20, 1944 – A high level between the Furher of the Greater Reich, the President of the USA, the Prime minister of GB and Il Duce of Italy is held in Lisbon, the contents of this meting remain to this day classified as top secret. In a short period after this meeting a decrease in the build up of military forces in the North Atlantic region was observed. Million of man, German, British, American, Italian will soon be demobilized and return to their normal lives. Although the fighting will still continue in various places (US and GB are still fighting the last battles with the Japanese, German troops are still in high alert in the AA line, Italian troops are involved in a series of counterinsurgency operations all over the Italian Empire) the war in the West has ended.
vBulletin® v3.8.4, Copyright ©2000-2013, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.